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LIBRARY & INTERNET RESEARCH 1. HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOUR LIBRARY? BOOK LOANS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM PENALTIES LIBRARY CATALOGUE OPAC REFERENCE BOOKS JOURNAL.

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Presentation on theme: "LIBRARY & INTERNET RESEARCH 1. HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOUR LIBRARY? BOOK LOANS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM PENALTIES LIBRARY CATALOGUE OPAC REFERENCE BOOKS JOURNAL."— Presentation transcript:

1 LIBRARY & INTERNET RESEARCH 1

2 HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW YOUR LIBRARY? BOOK LOANS CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM PENALTIES LIBRARY CATALOGUE OPAC REFERENCE BOOKS JOURNAL AND DATABASES OPENING AND CLOSING TIMES LOCATIONS LIBRARY STAFF 2

3 LIBRARY RESEARCH HOW BOOKS ARE ORGANIZED IN LIBRARY? a.DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (DDC) b.LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SYSTEM (LLC) 3

4 a. DEWEY DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM (DDC) Use numbers from 000 to 999 to classify materials into 10 major groups by subject matter General Philosophy Religion Social Science Language Science Useful Arts Fine Arts Literature History 4

5 Each major grouping is further divided into Science : 510 Mathematics 520 Astronomy 530 Physics 540 Chemistry 550 Geology 560 Fossils 570 Life Sciences 580 Botanical Sciences 590 Zoology 5

6 Then they have further subdivision. 510 Mathematics : 512 Algebra 513 Arithmetic 514 Topology 515 Analysis/Calculus 516 Geometry 519 Probability/Statistics, Numerical Analysis 6

7 Other Example 570 Life Sciences 574 Biology Physiology pathology Development and Maturation Anatomy Ecology Economy Biology 7

8 b. LIBRARY OF CONGRESS SYSTEM (LLC) A - General works (Encyclopedias and other reference) B - Philosophy, Psychology and Religion C – History: Auxiliary sciences (archeology, genealogy, etc) D – History: General, non-American E – American history (general) F – American history (local) 8

9 G – Geography/Anthropology H – Social sciences (sociology, business, economics) J – Political sciences K – Law L – Education M – Music N – Fine arts (art and architecture) P – Language/Literature 9

10 Q – Sciences R – Medicine S – Agriculture T – Technology U – Military science V – Naval science Z – Bibliography/Library science 10

11 Q Science QA Mathematics and Computing QC Physic QD Chemistry QE Geology 11

12 i. Identify and develop your topic -State your topic idea as a question. -Identify the main concepts or keywords in your question. ii. Find the background information -use encyclopedias and dictionaries TIP: EXPLOIT BIBLIOGRAPHIES 7 steps of research process : 12

13 iii.Use catalogs to find books and media -Use keyword searching to find materials by topic or subject -write down the citation (author, title,etc.) and the location information (call number and library). -Note the circulation status - find the location and call number of books 13

14 iv. Use indexes to find periodical articles Periodicals are continuous publications such as journals, newspapers, or magazines. - use periodical indexes and abstracts to find citations to articles v.Find internet resources -Use search enginessearch engines 14

15 vi. Evaluate what you find critically analyze information sources a.Initial appraisal - author, date of publication, edition or revision, publisher, title of journal b. Content analysis - Intended audience, objective reasoning, coverage, writing style, evaluative reviews 15

16 vii. Cite what you find using a standard format -gives proper credit to the authors of the materials used -allows those who are reading your work to duplicate your research and locate the sources that you have listed as references. * Knowingly representing the work of others as your own is plagarism 16

17 REFERENCING 17

18 How to cite/reference material Different fields use different styles for formatting information: Books Conference Papers & Theses Reports Journal Articles Magazine & Newspapers Audiovisual Others (Webpages, Legal Materials, Course Handouts Figures and Tables 18

19 APA REFERENCING The American Psychological Association reference style uses the Author-Date format. When quoting directly or indirectly from a source, the source must be acknowledged in the text by author name and year of publication. If quoting directly, a location reference such as page number(s) or paragraph number is also required. 19

20 IN-TEXT Direct quotation – use quotation marks around the quote and include page numbers Samovar and Porter (1997) point out that "language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (p.188). Alternatively, Language involves attaching meaning to symbols" (Samovar & Porter, 1997, p.188). Indirect quotation/paraphrasing – no quotation marks Attaching meaning to symbols is considered to be the origin of written language (Samovar & Porter, 1997). Citations from a secondary source As Hall (1977) asserts, culture also defines boundaries of different groups (as cited in Samovar and Porter, 1997, p. 14). 20

21 EXAMPLES OF REFERENCES BY TYPE In a reference listIn-text citation 1. Book with one author King, M. (2000). Wrestling with the angel: A life of Janet Frame. Auckland, New Zealand: Viking. (King, 2000) or King (2000) compares Frame. 2. Book with two to five authors Krause, K.-L., Bochner, S., & Duchesne, S. (2006). Educational psychology for learning and teaching (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, Vic., Australia: Thomson (Krause, Bochner, & Duchesne, 2006) then (Krause et al., 2006) 21

22 He who asks a question is a fool for five minutes; he who does not ask a question remains a fool forever -proverb- 22


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