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New Challenges 2007 Prof Dr. György Kende Dr. György Seres A new PhD research topic about relationship of chess and military questions Studying chess.

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Presentation on theme: "New Challenges 2007 Prof Dr. György Kende Dr. György Seres A new PhD research topic about relationship of chess and military questions Studying chess."— Presentation transcript:

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2 New Challenges 2007 Prof Dr. György Kende Dr. György Seres A new PhD research topic about relationship of chess and military questions Studying chess and its information technology background to find analogies and application possibilities regarding battlefield operations, armaments development, decision making, military training and education

3 New Challenges 2007 Preludes Authors made a presentation on the last NEW CHALLENGES conference in 2006: “Use of chess in military education” Presentation got strong interest within researchers of the topic, and we organized an extra workshop after the conference. Next time this topic was presented on a scientific conference in Romania and a NATO Training Group conference in Oberammergau –Evaluation of presentation in protocol of the last conference was as follows: “The delegate from Hungary gave a thought-provoking presentation on the use of chess in Military education. His brief included some background, relationships to military strategy, analogies, some key historical figures and philosophies, experiments, research objectives, expected results, and planned actions. This was a very interesting and insightful briefing.”

4 New Challenges 2007 Preludes Our research in this topic has begun in Since then four articles were published in printed form: 1.A sakk mint hadijáték és a képességfejlesztés eszköze. (Hadtudomány, szám, oldal.) –http://www.zmne.hu/kulso/mhtt/hadtudomany/2006/1_2/2006_1_2_10.htmlhttp://www.zmne.hu/kulso/mhtt/hadtudomany/2006/1_2/2006_1_2_10.html 2.Chess as a Martial Game and as a Means of Skills Development. (AARMS - Academic and Applied Research in Military Science -, Volume 5 Issue p.) –http://www.zmne.hu/aarms/docs/Volume5/Issue3/pdf/10kend.pdfhttp://www.zmne.hu/aarms/docs/Volume5/Issue3/pdf/10kend.pdf An abridged version the above publication had been published on web portal Chessville.com: –http://www.chessville.com/misc/ChessAsMartialGame.htmhttp://www.chessville.com/misc/ChessAsMartialGame.htm 3.The Use of Chess in Military Matters. (Akademia Obrony Narodowe, Zeszyty Naukowe 2007/1, Warszawa, p-p.) Polish version the above publication in : –Gra w szachy a rozwiazywanie problemów wojskowych. (ibid, p.)

5 New Challenges 2007 Preludes Four presentations took place: 1.Use of chess in military education (ZMNE, „New Challenges in the Field of Military Sciences 2006” conference) –http://drseres.com/publik/pdf/use_of_chess.pdfhttp://drseres.com/publik/pdf/use_of_chess.pdf 2.Chess and Knowledge Management („Man in Knowledge Based Organization 2006” conference, Sibiu) –http://drseres.com/publik/pdf/chess_km.pdfhttp://drseres.com/publik/pdf/chess_km.pdf 3.Chess in military education (69th NTG WG IT&ED -- Spring Meeting 2007 – Oberammergau) –http://drseres.com/publik/pdf/chess_ntg.pdfhttp://drseres.com/publik/pdf/chess_ntg.pdf 4.A new PhD research topic about relationship of chess and military questions (ZMNE, „A sakk oktatásának hatása a képességfejlesztésre és a személyiségfejlesztésre,” conference 21 November 2007)

6 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 1.Texas Tech University announced that it will establish the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence (SPICE) and hire chess powerhouses Susan Polgar and Paul Truong to head the program.

7 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 1.Texas Tech University announced that it will establish the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence (SPICE) and hire chess powerhouses Susan Polgar and Paul Truong to head the program. "The goal of SPICE is to work with our friends and colleagues to enhance chess, education, technology, research, etc.„ “SPICE will become the premier center for chess education, research, technology, and outreach in the nation.”

8 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 2.There was an important conference: Chess in the Schools and Communities International Conference (CISCCON), at 30 August – 1 September 2007, in King’s College Conference Centre, University of Aberdeen. The conference aims to investigate were: –“The effects of chess in the school and community programs on teaching (informal and formal), emotion and the social inclusion of children and young people? –How do chess development programs assist new methods of formal teaching and informal education? –What is the relationship between chess play, chess coaching and mentoring? –How can the lessons from chess in the schools and communities help to generate social and cultural capital?”

9 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 3.A fresh work of the authors (Kende, Seres) was published in the periodical of the Polish National Defence University in English and Polish languages The Use of Chess in Military Matters –An interesting part from this article: “Around 1920 there was a Soviet study of chess masters that revealed 16 skills and strengths that the master possessed to a high degree: 1)A good reserve of physical strength and good general health 2) Strong nerves 3) Self-control 4)Ability to distribute attention over many factors 5)Ability to perceive dynamic relationships 6)A contemplative turn of mind 7)A high level of intellectual development 8)Ability to think objectively

10 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 3.A fresh work of the authors (Kende, Seres) was published in the periodical of the Polish National Defence University in English and Polish languages The Use of Chess in Military Matters –An interesting part from this article: “Around 1920 there was a Soviet study of chess masters that revealed 16 skills and strengths that the master possessed to a high degree: 9)Ability to think concretely 10)A powerful memory for chess matters 11)Powers of synthetically thought and imagination 12)Combinative ability 13)A disciplined will 14)A highly active intellect 15)Disciplined emotions 16)Self-confidence

11 New Challenges 2007 This year brought several interesting events in this topic 4.A workshop will be organized about our topic in frame of Hungarian Science Festival 2007: Influence of chess training for extension of personality and ability –Topic of the workshop: positive effects of teaching and playing chess (personality and skills development, decision making, productivity, etc.) –Presenters will be:

12 New Challenges 2007 Last year brought several interesting events in this topic Dr. Baracskai, Zoltán: Decision making capability – sensing even when not measuring Ms. Bedő, Andrea: Usage of interactive info-communication technology in teaching chess Dr. Csíkos, Csaba: Chess as a tool for examination of beginner-expert problem Ms. Duró, Zsuzsa: Pedagogical and psychological effects of teaching chess Mr. Hardicsay, Péter: Special personal skills of chess players and their effect on productivity Dr. Kende, György:A chess related PhD research topic launched in 2007 at Zrínyi Miklós National Defense University Dr. Mérő, László: Chess as a model of competency – psychological experiments on chess players Mr. Mészáros, András: Chess as a tool for capability measurement in kindergarten Dr. Nagy, Ervin: Personality and thinking Dr. Noszkay, Erzsébet: Chess strategies as analogies and models in developing of managers’ capabilities Mr. Orgován, Sándor: Teaching chess for children Dr. Seres, György: Research program for finding correlations between chess and decision making ability Dr. Sterbenz, Tamás: Strategy on the chessboard and in the sports field Mr. Szilágyi, Péter: Review of foreign research results on skills development effects of chess

13 New Challenges 2007 Justification of the PhD research topic There is nothing new regarding correlation between chess and strategy, chess and skills development, chess and personality development. Newness and actuality of the topic first of all is justified by the information technology (IT) revolution in the last decades. In 2004 Swedish and Australian researchers achieved new results in correlation between chess and war using new IT and mathematical methods. Nowadays chess has an excellent IT background which effectively supports chess training, chess skills measuring, long term memory development.

14 New Challenges 2007 Justification of the research topic Chess as a test bed for theories of cognitive science. Chess and the excellent IT background of chess helps to create methods of personality and skills development. The other goal is to explore analogies between IT supports of chess and conducting war, chess and war gaming, chess and computer aided exercises.

15 New Challenges 2007 Research Objectives Analogies between chess and military strategy, chess and war-gaming, chess and military tactics. Analysis of chess IT background in order to use in military. Chess and game theory. Chess and military – correlations and differences. Possibility of chess IT for positioning of military equipment on the battlefield. Research of use of chess in foreign military organizations and education facilities (academies, colleges, universities).

16 New Challenges 2007 The main objectives New findings which make possible to work out new methods in military command and control, in skills and personality development. Search and analysis of related Hungarian and foreign results (for example PhD thesis, publications, books), synthesis and summarizing of main results and directions. Application of findings in military training and education.

17 New Challenges 2007 Methodology According to research objectives adequate research methods must be chosen which naturally may vary regarding the desired goals. Besides classical library methods Internet seems to be a good possibility (chess homepages, chess news and other chess related publications). Other method may be studying chess programs, their algorithm and analytical ability to use them for military purposes. Finding and analyzing chess related PhD thesis, chess educational conferences and other chess educational papers.

18 New Challenges 2007 Methodology Search for international cooperation. Search on the Internet of adequate chess related homepages (e.g. fide.com, chessbase.com, professorchess.com, etc.) in order to find results achieved by other researchers. Analysis and evaluation of homepages in aspects of military education, training, skills development and strategic thinking. Exploration of effective methods of using search engines (e.g. Google, Yahoo, etc.) to find relevant information.

19 New Challenges 2007 Expected new scientific results Proper formulation of research objectives and use of appropriate research methods must guarantee finding of new scientific results in conformity with research objectives. Results have to answer many questions, among which at the moment the most important ones are: –Analysis of super grandmaster level chess program (e.g. Fritz 10, Hydra, etc.) in order to find possibilities of their adaptation in battlefield activities and in training of military commanders –Exploring coherencies and differences between chess and battlefield activities, chess and positioning of military equipment, chess and C4I, chess and informational uncertainty

20 New Challenges 2007 Expected new scientific results Proper formulation of research objectives and use of appropriate research methods must guarantee finding of new scientific results in conformity with research objectives. Results have to answer many questions, among which at the moment the most important ones are: –Usage of chess in skills and personality development –Usage of chess in military and civilian BSc and MSc education –Drafting a chess-related curriculum at military academies and universities. –Development of main lines ands points of chess related subjects, designing content of lecture notes, course books, textbooks and multimedia curriculum.

21 New Challenges 2007 Prof. Dr. György Kende Dr. György Seres

22 New Challenges 2007 Prof. Dr. György Kende Dr. György Seres


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