5 Curriculum models Model: Purpose: To provide a structure for examining the elements that go to make up curriculum planning, and how these elements interrelate.
6 Curriculum models Model: The literature in the area of curriculum has accepted the use of the term ‘model’ to explain both the nature and the process of curriculum development.
7 Curriculum models Models are used to explain: levels of curriculum aspects of organization practiceaspects of classroom instructiontypes of decision making
8 Curriculum modelsAre designed to provide a basis for decisions regarding the selection, structuring and sequencing of the educational experiences
9 Curriculum modelsOver to you …From last weeks tasks 4 and 5
10 Over to you 4Think back to your own HPE experiences at secondary school.On what basis were the activities you did in HPE chosen and sequenced?Did you experience the same activities each year?How did major events in the school calendar influence the content?Were you helped to refine your knowledge and skills?Did students have opportunities to choose the activities?(adapted from Tinning, et al)
11 Over to you 5 When you are preparing a plan for a unit of work: What elements would you need to consider in your planning, eg outcomes …Put these elements into a suggested planning sequence or diagram form
12 The curriculum process The development of a curriculum involves the developer in decisions about the nature and appropriateness of the substantive elements, eg the:outcomescontentmethodassessment strategiesThese decisions are made in relation to the context in which the curriculum will operate.
13 A continuum of curriculum models Rational/objectives modelsCyclical modelsDynamic/interaction models
14 A continuum of curriculum models Rational/objectives models:Ralph TylerHilda Taba
15 A continuum of curriculum models Cyclical models:WheelerNichols
16 A continuum of curriculum models Dynamic/interaction models :WalkerSkilbeck
17 HPE Instructional Models Need to consider which of the models makes the most sense to you as the major purpose for your program?Can you defend such a focus to:ParentsSchool PrincipalOther teachers
18 HPE Instructional Models multi-activity modelsport educationfitness education modelself-esteem modelmovement analysis modeldevelopmental modelpersonal and social development model
19 HPE Curriculum Models Broad categories Subject matter models multi-activity modelsport educationfitness education modelmovement analysis modeladventure educationPersonal meaning modelsself-esteem modeldevelopmental modelpersonal and social development modelLearning process modelgames sense
20 HPE Instructional Models For each model:What is the value perspective forcontent selection ?personal / individual development ?social and cultural goals ?Which value perspective is given higher value?They differ from each other in the implied decision concerning what content and / or methodology is most worthwhile
21 HPE Instructional Models Task What models make the most sense to you?Rank these in terms of your personal preferences:multi-activity modelsport educationfitness education modelself-esteem modelmovement analysis modeldevelopmental modelpersonal and social development modelIn a couple of sentences outline the reason for your first two choices?
22 HPE Instructional Models Task (cont) After you have ranked these models and reflected on the reasons for your choices take a minute to trace the origins of your reasons.For example:your own interests and values?what you have learned as an HPE major student?the values of a coach or teacher you admire?what you perceive to be the needs of youth today?
23 HPE Instructional Models Conclusion:Many factors can influence the above decisionsIt is perfectly valid to feel strongly about a particular curriculum purposeIn fact it will enhance your commitment and enthusiasmBut:You need to be aware of this personal influence and modify it with additional knowledge, experiences and, importantly, reflection.