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Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing.

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Presentation on theme: "Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing."— Presentation transcript:

1 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Preparing for the Verbal Reasoning Measure

2 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Overview Introduction to the Verbal Reasoning Measure Question Types and Strategies for Answering General Strategies 2

3 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Skills Assessed on the Verbal Reasoning Measure Assesses ability to: Analyze and evaluate written material and synthesize information obtained from it Analyze relationships among component parts of sentences Recognize relationships among words and concepts 3

4 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Content of the Verbal Reasoning Measure Computer-based test: Two 30-minute sections; 20 questions in each section Paper-based test: Two 35-minute sections; 25 questions in each section Contains three question types: – Reading Comprehension Sets – Text Completion Questions – Sentence Equivalence Questions 4

5 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Content of the Verbal Reasoning Measure (continued) To accommodate different interests and backgrounds, there is a balance of questions in: – Natural Sciences (e.g., Physical Sciences and Biological Sciences) – Social Sciences (e.g., Business, History, Political Science, Sociology, Psychology, Economics and Anthropology) – Humanities (e.g., Literature, Philosophy, Art, Sculpture, Architecture, Music, Dance and Theater) No specific knowledge of any subject is required 5

6 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries How the Verbal Reasoning Measure of the Computer-based Test is Scored The Verbal Reasoning measure of the computer-based test is section- level adaptive The computer selects the second section of the measure based on the test-taker’s performance on the first section Within each section, all questions contribute equally to the final score Both sections are important, since the final score on the measure is based on the total number of correct answers and the level of difficulty of the questions 6

7 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Scoring the Verbal Reasoning Section A test taker’s score on the Verbal Reasoning measure is based on both sections of the measure and considers the number of right answers as well as the level of difficulty of the questions. First, a raw score is computed. The raw score is the number of questions answered correctly. The raw score is converted to a scaled score through a process known as equating. – The equating process accounts for minor variations in difficulty among the different test editions as well as differences in difficulty among individuals’ tests introduced by the section-level adaptation. – A given scaled score reflects the same level of performance regardless of which section was selected and when the test was taken. 7

8 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Question Types and Strategies for Answering 8

9 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Verbal Reasoning Question Types Reading Comprehension Sets Text Completion Questions Sentence Equivalence Questions 9

10 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension Sets Consist of a passage and one or more associated questions Require you to read and to understand what is read – Recognizing purpose and main idea – Recognizing specific points made – Recognizing assumptions – Making inferences – Evaluating purpose and structure Each reading passage contains all of the information needed to answer the questions that follow it 10

11 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension Question Formats Multiple Choice — Select One Answer Choice – Five answer choices, choose correct one Multiple Choice — Select One or More Answer Choices – Three answer choices, choose all that apply Select in Passage – Choose the sentence in the passage that fits a given description 11

12 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Multiple Choice — Select One Answer Choice 12

13 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Multiple Choice — Select One Answer Choice 13

14 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Multiple Choice — Select One or More Answer Choices 14

15 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Multiple Choice — Select One or More Answer Choices 15

16 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Select in Passage* *This question type does not appear on the paper-based test. 16

17 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Reading Comprehension: Select in Passage* *This question type does not appear on the paper-based test. 17

18 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Reading Comprehension Sets — Reading the Passage Test takers should: Read the passage and get a sense of its overall meaning and purpose. Use scratch paper to make notes. Note key words and phrases and try to clarify what is being expressed. Note which claims the author makes and which are made by others and merely described by the author. Similarly, note whether the author is hypothesizing something or maintaining it with some certainty. 18

19 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Reading Comprehension Sets —Reading the Passage (continued) Test takers should remember that all the necessary information to answer each question is in the passage – Subject-matter knowledge is not needed to answer the questions – Even with unfamiliar material, with a little work the questions can be answered When practicing to take the test, test takers should try to determine which method is best for them: – Whether to read the passage thoroughly first – Whether to skim the passage first – Whether to look at each question before reading the passage 19

20 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Reading Comprehension Sets —Answering the Questions When answering reading comprehension questions test takers should – Make sure to understand what the question is asking – Answer strictly on the basis of what the passage says — they should not rely on outside knowledge – Not select an answer simply because it is a true statement – Not select an answer that is only partially correct 20

21 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Reading Comprehension Sets — Answering the Questions (continued) When answering main idea questions – Make sure that the selected answer picks the main idea rather than a subsidiary one When identifying what the passage says explicitly – Test takers should be able to pick out specific portions of the passage that make the relevant statement When identifying what the passage says implicitly, test takers – Should not be limited by what is stated explicitly – Should not substitute their own ideas or interpretations; stick to what the author is committed to 21

22 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Text Completion Questions Consist of one or more sentences with one to three blanks. Answer choices consist of alternatives for filling the blanks. Answer choices are independent. Require test takers to grasp the meaning of the sentences and, by analyzing the relationships among their parts, to select the most appropriate word or words to fill in the blanks. 22

23 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Text Completion Questions How They Work 23

24 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Text Completion Questions How They Work 24

25 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Text Completion Questions Test takers should: Read the passage to get an overall sense of it. Identify words or phrases that seem particularly significant. Try to fill in the blanks with their own words and find answer choices that match. Focus on whichever blank seems easiest to complete. After making their answer choices, reread the whole passage to be sure it makes sense. 25

26 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Text Completion Questions (continued) When filling a blank, test takers should ask themselves Should the word be similar to or contrasted with a nearby word in the passage? Should the word have a positive or negative character? 26

27 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Sentence Equivalence Questions Consist of a single sentence with one blank and six answer choices. Require test takers to find the two answer choices that complete the sentence coherently and also produce sentences alike in meaning. 27

28 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Sentence Equivalence Questions How They Work 28

29 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Sentence Equivalence Questions How They Work 29

30 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Sentence Equivalence Questions Test takers should: Read the sentence to get an overall sense of it. Identify words or phrases that seem particularly significant. Try to fill in the blank with their own words and find answer choices that match. After making their answer choices, reread the two completed sentences to be sure they both make sense and say the same thing. 30

31 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Strategies for Sentence Equivalence Questions (continued) Test takers should not assume that if two of the answer choices have the same meaning, they are the correct answer. – The answer choices will often contain words that do not fit the sentence. – The two correct choices do not themselves have to have the same meaning. When filling a blank, test takers should ask themselves – Should the word be similar to or contrasted with a nearby word in the passage? – Should the word have a positive or negative character? 31

32 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries General Strategies 32

33 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries General Strategies Test takers should: Become familiar with formats and directions beforehand. Try to answer every question. – Read each question thoroughly. – Make notes. – Read all answer choices before answering. – Use knowledge they have to figure out answers to unfamiliar questions. Be aware of time. Use the Review screen wisely. 33

34 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Other Points to Remember Test takers should: Be aware of their strengths and weaknesses. Set realistic goals. Allow enough time for improvement to occur. – Start early and work regularly. – Take courses that include complex reading material. 34

35 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Resources ETS materials (e.g., materials on GRE® website, sample tests) University faculty (e.g., English and Math Professors) Study groups Magazines, newspapers and other reading material – Test takers should analyze what they read. 35

36 Copyright © 2014 by Educational Testing Service. ETS, the ETS logo, LISTENING. LEARNING. LEADING. and GRE are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS) in the United States and other countries Questions? 36


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