Vocabulary Dynasty Mandate of Heaven Aristocracy 4-Square activity
Dynasty Definition: Picture: Similar to:What it is NOT: A series of rulers from the same family
Mandate of Heaven Definition: Picture: Similar to:What it is NOT: The ruler is divinely chosen
Aristocracy Definition: Picture: Similar to:What it is NOT: A hereditary ruling class; nobility
The Xia (SHAH) Dynasty Founded by: Yu the Great in 2200 BCE Settled near Huang He River (Yellow River) No written records about life in Xia Dynasty. Knowledge comes from town ruins, ancient stories and legends Many legends about Xia Dynasty about kings who helped people to solve their problems by working together Terrible floods during Yu’s lifetime. Yu dug channels to drain water to the ocean. This created the major waterways of north China.
The Shang Dynasty Established in 1500s BCE Huang He Valley Shang ruled a broad (large) area in northern China Shang rulers moved their capital several times. WHY? –T–To avoid floods or attack by enemies
Advances of Shang Dynasty China’s first writing system –Over 2,000 symbols to express words or ideas –Symbols that are used today were started in the Shang Dynasty –The development of the word: Horse
Advances of the Shang Dynasty Artisans made: –b–bronze containers (cooking/religious ceremonies) –a–axes, knives and ornaments from jade Military developed: –W–War chariots, powerful bows, bronze body armor Astrologers contributed: –D–Developed a calendar based on the cycles of the moon A very tough stone
Shang Dynasty Social order (classes) became organized KING & ROYAL FAMILY NOBLES WARRIOR LEADERS ARTISANS FARMERS SLAVES Center of religious and political life Owned land. Passed on wealth & power to sons Lived in large homes in cities all over China Lived outside city walls. Lived in groups based on what they made (weapons, pottery, tools, clothing) Worked long hours; little $$ because they paid taxes Important source of labor
- What do you see? - What do you wonder? - What do you think it is?
“Fortune Tellers” of the Shang Dynasty Shang writing has been found on…cattle bones and turtle shells! –Priests carved questions about the future on the bones, then heated them, causing them to crack. The priests “read” these cracks and predicted the future. –Why were these bones called oracle bones? These bones were called oracle bones because an oracle is a prediction.