Presentation on theme: "Which Sumerian achievement do you believe is the most important to the modern world (today)?"— Presentation transcript:
Which Sumerian achievement do you believe is the most important to the modern world (today)?
Primary sources A primary source is an original object or document; first-hand information. Primary source is material written or produced in the time period that you may be investigating. Primary sources enable the researcher to get as close as possible to what actually happened during an historical event or time period.
Primary Source Historical documents such as the Declaration of Independence or the Constitution are primary documents. They were drafted and signed. Other Primary Sources would be Birth Certificates Government records Deeds Court documents Military records Tax records Census records Art
What is a Secondary Source? A secondary source is something written about a primary source. Secondary sources are written "after the fact" - that is, at a later date. Usually the author of a secondary source will have studied the primary sources of an historical period or event and will then interpret the "evidence" found in these sources. You can think of secondary sources as second-hand information.
Secondary Source Think about it like this…. If I tell you something, I am the primary source. If you tell someone else what I told you, you are the secondary source. Secondary source materials can be articles in newspapers, magazines, books or articles found that evaluate or criticize someone else's original research
Secondary Source Almanacs, encyclopedias, history books (textbooks), etc. are all secondary sources because they were written “after” the these events occurred.
Hammurabi 1790 BC Babylonian King Conquers most of Mespopotamia Law Code of Hammurabi
Code of Hammurabi Standardized Law = Consistent Codified Law = Written Everyone knew the LAW If not equal everyone had equal protection under the law… even women
Code of Hammurabi The Code of Hammurabi was a list of 282 laws brought together and written on an 8 foot tall stone pillar in 1280 AD for all the people of Babylonia to see.
What is most famous about Hammurabi? You probably assume it was one simple law. “An eye for an eye.” And although that was a law, and it is famous, Hammurabi’s code was a set of laws for everyone to follow, with set punishment if not followed. Brilliant Idea? Right?
#229 If a builder builds a house for a man and does not make its construction sound, and the house which he has built collapses and causes the death of the owner of the house, the builder shall be put to death.
#110 If a "sister of god" (nun) who is not living in a convent opens a wine shop or enters a wine shop for a drink, they shall burn that woman.
53 If any one be too lazy to keep his dam in proper condition, and does not so keep it; if then the dam break and all the fields be flooded, then shall he in whose dam the break occurred be sold for money, and the money shall replace the corn which he has caused to be ruined. 21 If any one break a hole into a house (break in to steal), he shall be put to death before that hole and be buried.