Presentation on theme: "Warm-Up Take out the Zhou dynasty reading and answers to the questions that were completed on Friday. Review the reading and answers to the questions."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-UpTake out the Zhou dynasty reading and answers to the questions that were completed on Friday. Review the reading and answers to the questions.I will be coming around to grade these when class begins.
2Questions What is a dynasty? What is the Mandate of Heaven? When and how did the Zhou dynasty begin? Which dynasty did they overthrow to take control?Explain how the Zhou political system worked. Write 3-4 complete sentences.Create a social pyramid explaining the social system that was used during the Zhou dynasty.
3Questions Why and how did the political order break down? What kind of internal problems did the Zhou dynasty face?Explain the decline of the Zhou dynasty.How far south did the Zhou dynasty reach?Create a timeline with 5 important events from the reading of the Zhou dynasty. Make sure to include the year, describe each event and put them in the correct order.
4Vocabulary Definition Picture Words that are similar Words that are different
5Ethnocentrism Believing other cultures were inferior to their own Because they were isolated (by themselves) = rejected other cultures as inferior to their ownAKA – WE ARE THE BEST
6Feudalism A type of government based solely on land The MORE you own = MORE wealthy and MORE power
16Around 1100 B.C.E., the Shang were ousted by Wu Wang, who established the Zhou Dynasty (Chou Dynasty), though the Zhou maintained many of the traditions and customs developed under the Shang Dynasty.
17The Zhou ruled China for nearly 900 years, longer than any other dynasty.
18The Zhou Dynasty believed in what was called the Mandate of Heaven, meaning that heaven would grant the Zhou power only as long as its rulers governed justly and wisely.
19Put another way, the Zhou Dynasty would remain in power only as long as it had the blessing of heaven.
20The Zhou developed a feudal system in China, similar to that of Europe during the Middle Ages.
21The king was the ruler of the entire empire, but because it was too big for one person to manage, nobles were given power over smaller regions within the empire. This worked out well for a couple hundred years.
22The king gave each noble protection as long as the noble remained loyal to him.
23But as time passed, a number of the nobles built up a lot of wealth and power within the regions under their control and eventually split off into independent kingdoms.
24New TechnologiesThe Great Wall of China originated as a defensive barrier against tribal intrusionsConstruction started in the seventh century B. C. and spanned over 20 states and dynastiesTwo sections were built during the Zhou eraAs China unified, the various sections were connected
25New Technologies: Silk During the Zhou era, the Chinese discovered how to make silk from the cocoons of silkworms.Silk would become China’s most valuable export, eventually linking them with most of the world through trade.We’ll talk more about the Silk Road on Thursday
26A bureaucratic form of government remained popular in China for thousands of years.
27Eventually fighting and warfare among the feudal kingdoms brought an end to the Zhou Dynasty in 256 B.C.E.
28The EndWith no central, powerful leader, the lords fought each other over who would control China.What do you think would happen if there were no central, powerful leader in the US (the president)?