Presentation on theme: "Warm-up Answer the following question in your notebook after you write down the lesson name and objective: Why and how did the Zhou dynasty decline? What."— Presentation transcript:
1Warm-upAnswer the following question in your notebook after you write down the lesson name and objective:Why and how did the Zhou dynasty decline? What were the effects of this decline?
3Review After the fall of the Zhou dynasty: What do you think happened to China?Will people live the same way or change? Why?
4Daoism, Legalism & Confucianism Three Philosophies that look athow to get people to behave and how thegovernment should rule the people.
5Peace Through Ideas• In Time of the Warring States, warlords and kings fought for land• Scholars developed three ways of thinking to bring peace to land- Legalism, Confucianism, Daoism- each was a philosophy—study of basic truths, ideas about universe
6Station Activity 3 documents Confucianism, Daoism, LegalismIndividually, you will select one at a timeDO NOT write on the documentSelect one at a timeDoes not matter which order you select them in
7Once you pick up a document… Write down the name of the document in your notebookRead the documentWrite down 3 important facts in your notebookAnswer the question at the end of the documentALL IN COMPLETE SENTENCESWhen finished, turn in the document and select another one until all 3 are completed
8ParagraphYou will write a 5 sentence paragraph describing the 3 philosophies and answering the following questions:Why are these philosophies important?Would China have survived without these philosophies? Why or why not?What philosophy would you follow if you had the choice? Explain why.
9Warm-up Write down the lesson name and objective Compare and contrast Confucianism, Daoism, and Legalism.Use a Venn Diagram, T-Chart, or write a paragraph.
11Daoism/Taoism Started by a man named Lao Tsu who lived about 600 BCE Is a philosophy (way of thinking) but turned into a religionLao Tsu believed that people needed to “go with the flow” (wu-wei) let nature take its course
12Yin and YangBelieved everything in the universe had a life force- a yin and yang-oppositesYin-dark side- is women, moon, things that are still & deathYang-light side-is men, sun, things that move & birthMust keep the yin and the yang balanced
13Beliefs… Wrong for people to fight Wrong for government to make rules and lawsAgainst any kind of rules, diets, etc.Had theories regarding the body, diet, breathing and physical exercises, uses of herbs, philosophical inquiry and meditation.The Taoist feels these ideas bring a human being into closer alignment with the “natural order” of life and living
143 Jewels to be sought….Compassion- awareness of another person’s pain and wanting to relieve itModeration- avoid extremesHumility- modest, don’t brag
16Legalism BeliefsBelieved that people were bad and needed to be controlledReligion wasn’t involvedBelieved society needed strict lawsPeople should be responsible for other people’s actions. Ex- neighbors and relatives should also be punishedScare people into obeying laws
17Legalism There are 3 parts to Legalism ~fa (law) ~shi (legitimacy) ~shu (arts of the ruler)
18Fa (law) Laws were written and made public The laws ran the state the rulers did notLaws were enforced by strict rewards and punishments
19Shi (legitimacy) Keeping order was the first priority Anyone could rule as long as laws were in place
20Shu-arts of the ruler Rulers should not be kind Being kind leads to failureThey need to be strict otherwise people get disrespectful and lazy
22Confucius and Society End of the Zhou Dynasty Confucius, a man, felt that China was full of rude, dishonest peopleHe wanted people to return to having good ethics
23Confucius's rules for Families Fathers should be role models for familyChildren should respect and obey their parentsFamilies should be loyal to one another
24Confucius’ Rules for Government Do not have strict lawsHave leaders be good role models for morals and behaviorKing should inspire good behavior- not scare people into good behavior
25Confucius ProverbsA man who has committed a mistake and doesn't correct it is committing another mistake.Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.Real knowledge is to know the extent of one's ignorance.
26Confucius Teachings Confucius traveled all over teaching his ideas His teachings were put into a book called The AnalectsConfucianism is meant to guide behavior
27ActivityYou know that you are failing a class. If your parents find out, you will be in trouble. How do you handle this situation?Your friend tries to get you to start smoking. How do you handle this situation?
28Activity (cont.)3. A student has just found $20 in the hall. What should they do?4. A student's parents have just spent a lot of money on a new outfit. The student has been playing around and has gotten ink all over it. What should they tell their parents, or should they?5. A student really likes a new student in school, but all the other students are making fun of the new student's clothes. How should the first student act?
29Activity (cont.)6. A student knows that an older brother or sister is cheating on tests. How should the student act?7. A student sees an opportunity to take something they have really wanted, without being caught. How should that student act?
30Confucianism1. Inform parents. Apologize for not living up to standards expected; promise to try and do better2. Inform whoever was smoking that their behavior was wrong, report this action to the principal, avoid these people until they corrected their wrong doing.7. Would not take it. It's against the rules.
31Taoism1. Not worry about it and hope the problem will go away. (Taoists more probably would try to recognize why they are failing, and do something to change their behavior if it would make them happier.)2. Announce pleasantly that smoking would make them unhappy because its bad for your health.7. Would not take it. They would have feelings about it that might complicate their life.
32Legalism1. Inform parents, expect and accept punishment.2. Inform the principal.7. Would not take it. It's against the law.
33Time to make up you own situations Create 5 new situationsAsk your classmates how they would react in each situationWrite down their responses in complete sentencesDetermine which philosophy each would fall underBE PREPARED TO SHARE!!!
34HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT:Ask a member of your family how and why they would respond if facing the situations you created in class. Write down your responses in complete sentences. Thank your family for their help. Privately, try to determine if their response and their reason for that response would best fit the expected behavior of a Taoist, a Confucianist, or a Legalist.