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Model error estimation employing ensemble data assimilation Dusanka Zupanski and Milija Zupanski CIRA/Colorado State University, Fort Collins, CO, U.S.A. EGU General Assembly 2005 NP5.01: Quantifying predictability 24-29 April 2005 Vienna, Austria Dusanka Zupanski, CIRA/CSU Zupanski@CIRA.colostate.edu

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OUTLINE Why do we need to estimate model error? - Data assimilation point of view - General point of view Methodology - MLEF+State Augmentation Experimental results - KdVB model (1-d) - CSU-RAMS model (3-d, non-hydrostatic) Conclusions and future work Dusanka Zupanski, CIRA/CSU Zupanski@CIRA.colostate.edu

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Why do we need to estimate model error? Goal of CLASSICAL data assimilation methods is to estimate (1) atmospheric state Goal of ENSEMBLE data assimilation methods is to estimate (1) atmospheric state (2) uncertainty of the estimated state Data assimilation point of view Model error influences - adversely - both estimates ENSEMBLE approaches are more sensitive to model error Use this opportunity to further improve new methods. Be happy with the limited benefits of the new methods. or

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Why do we need to estimate model error? Many additional applications in geophysics would benefit from model error estimation: Improving current dynamical models Developing new dynamical models Quantifying predictability Quantifying information content of observations Obtaining new knowledge about geophysical processes General point of view This presentation is mostly focused on the data assimilation aspect, as a first step towards more general applications.

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Change of variable (preconditioning) - control vector in ensemble space of dim Nens Minimize cost function J - model state vector of dim Nstate >>Nens - information matrix of dim Nens Nens METHODOLOGY: MLEF approach - columns of- columns of Z

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METHODOLOGY: MLEF + State Augmentation - model state time evolution - AUGMENTED state time evolution - serially correlated model error - model bias - vector of empirical parameters Approach applicable to other EnKF methods.

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RESULTS: Parameter estimation, KdVB model True parameter recovered. Improved innovation statistics.

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NEGLECT BIASBIAS ESTIMATION (vector size=101) BIAS ESTIMATION (vector size=10)NON-BIASED MODEL RESULTS: Bias estimation, KdVB model It is beneficial to reduce degrees of freedom of the model error.

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RESULTS: Bias estimation, KdVB model Augmented analysis error covariance matrix is updated in each data assimilation cycle. It includes cross-covariance between the initial conditions (IC) error and model error (ME).

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An experiment with a simple state dependent model error Estimate state dependent model error . Define model error components for u, v, T,…,q as: Estimate single parameter In real atmospheric applications, model errors are commonly more complex, but ARE often STATE DEPENDENT.

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EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Non-hydrostatic atmospheric model (CSU-RAMS) - 3d model - simplified microphysics (level 2) Hurricane Lili case 25 1-h DA cycles: 13UTC 1 Oct 2002 – 14 UTC 2 Oct 30x20x21 grid points, 15 km grid distance (in the Gulf of Mexico) - model domain 450km X 300km Control variable: - u,v,w,theta,Exner, r_total (initial conditions, dim=54000) - (dim=1) Model simulated observations with random noise (7200 obs per DA cycle) Nens=50 Iterative minimization of J (1 iteration only)

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RESULTS: Parameter estimation, RAMS model U-WIND ANALYSIS ERRORS W-WIND ANALYSIS ERRORS Parameter estimation is almost as good as the perfect (correct) model data assimilation experiment. Both the initial conditions and the parameter are adjusted. Control variable size is 54001.

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RESULTS: Parameter estimation, RAMS model Both the initial conditions and the parameter are adjusted. Control variable size is 54001. EXNER FUNCTION ANALYSIS ERRORS TOTAL WATER MIXING RATIO ANALYSIS ERRORS Neglecting model error reduces the benefits of data assimilation.

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RESULTS: Parameter estimation, RAMS model Estimated parameter value is close to the true parameter value.

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Neglect_errParam_estim No_assimCorrect_model True Theta_il Differences of the order of 1.0K-3.0K. Differences of the order of 0.1K.

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CONCLUSIONS Dusanka Zupanski, CIRA/CSU Zupanski@CIRA.colostate.edu Ensemble based data assimilation methods, if coupled with state augmentation approach, can be effectively used to estimate empirical parameters. Estimation of model errors can also be effective if number of degrees of freedom of the model error is reduced. Neglecting model errors leads to degraded data assimilation results. Capability to update augmented forecast error covariance is an advantage of ensemble based data assimilation approaches. Sensitivity of ensemble data assimilation approaches to model errors is an OPPORTUNITY for further improvements. This will be further explored in the future.

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MODEL ERROR ESTIMATION EMPLOYING DATA ASSIMILATION METHODOLOGIES Dusanka Zupanski Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere Colorado State University.

MODEL ERROR ESTIMATION EMPLOYING DATA ASSIMILATION METHODOLOGIES Dusanka Zupanski Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere Colorado State University.

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