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Isaiah. Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Written by the prophet Isaiah, son of Amoz The “Dean of the Prophets”; “Paul of the Old Testament” The “Dean.

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Presentation on theme: "Isaiah. Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Written by the prophet Isaiah, son of Amoz The “Dean of the Prophets”; “Paul of the Old Testament” The “Dean."— Presentation transcript:

1 Isaiah

2 Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Written by the prophet Isaiah, son of Amoz The “Dean of the Prophets”; “Paul of the Old Testament” The “Dean of the Prophets”; “Paul of the Old Testament” “The Gospel According to Isaiah” “The Gospel According to Isaiah” “The Messianic Prophet” “The Messianic Prophet” – Written to Judah & Jerusalem They had become very proud They had become very proud Allied themselves with Assyria to avoid destruction Allied themselves with Assyria to avoid destruction Isaiah was a preacher to the kings (a statesman reformer) Isaiah was a preacher to the kings (a statesman reformer) – Written about B.C. (over period of years) During the reigns of four kings of Judah During the reigns of four kings of Judah About 200 yrs after zenith under David & Solomon About 200 yrs after zenith under David & Solomon Started about 37 years before Israel fell to Assyria Started about 37 years before Israel fell to Assyria About 150 years before Judah fell to Babylon About 150 years before Judah fell to Babylon Contemporary with Micah (South), Hosea & Amos (North) Contemporary with Micah (South), Hosea & Amos (North)

3 Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Isaiah’s mission & message = SALVATION The word occurs 28 times in Isaiah The word occurs 28 times in Isaiah Only 9 times in other prophetic books combined Only 9 times in other prophetic books combined – Isaiah’s name and the names of his sons give an overview of the entire book Isaiah name means, “salvation is of the Lord” Isaiah name means, “salvation is of the Lord” – God is the source of salvation His first son Shear-Jashub, “a remnant will return” His first son Shear-Jashub, “a remnant will return” – God will spare a remnant for Himself His second son Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz, “booty will very quickly be taken” His second son Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz, “booty will very quickly be taken” – God’s judgment is coming – Isaiah’s vision revealed Isaiah’s heart (6:1-8) “Here am I; send me” (6:8) “Here am I; send me” (6:8)

4 Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Purpose of Isaiah’s prophecy To rebuke the sins of the people & call upon them to repent, return to God and do His will To rebuke the sins of the people & call upon them to repent, return to God and do His will To warn Judah of the impending doom because of their unfaithfulness to God To warn Judah of the impending doom because of their unfaithfulness to God To remind the people to trust in the Lord for their protection and deliverance To remind the people to trust in the Lord for their protection and deliverance To teach that salvation would come only from God, never from man To teach that salvation would come only from God, never from man To proclaim the glorious hope of Messiah’s coming, the establishment of His eternal kingdom, and the salvation He would bring to all nations To proclaim the glorious hope of Messiah’s coming, the establishment of His eternal kingdom, and the salvation He would bring to all nations

5 Isaiah Introduction Introduction – “A Miniature Bible” 66 chapters / 66 books 66 chapters / 66 books Two main divisions: Two main divisions: First 39 chapters: First 39 chapters: – God’s judgment upon immoral & idolatrous men – Man’s condemnation, helpless state & need for Redeemer Last 27 chapters: Last 27 chapters: – The grace of God & a message of hope in the promise of the Redeemer to save His people – God’s assurance of redemption from captivity to bring His people home, and the coming of Messiah as Savior & King – Isaiah referenced 43 times in NT (2nd only to Psalms)

6 Isaiah Introduction Introduction – Divisions of the Book of Isaiah PROPHETIC (Chapters 1-35) PROPHETIC (Chapters 1-35) – The Holy One provoked unto anger, rebuking sinful nation – Judgments against Judah & Israel (ch. 1-12) – Predictions against foreign nations (ch ) – Judgments on ancient world (ch ) – Warning against allying with Egypt (ch ) HISTORIC (Chapters 36-39) HISTORIC (Chapters 36-39) – The Holy One delivered His people from Assyria – Assyria & Babylon during reign of Hezekiah (ch ) MESSIANIC (Chapters 40-66) MESSIANIC (Chapters 40-66) – The Holy One redeems, comforts & assures His people – Israel’s restoration from exile of returning remnant & the suffering Servant who would redeem mankind (ch )

7 Isaiah The Character of God The Character of God – The Righteousness & Justice of God “Filled Zion with justice and righteousness” (33:5) “Filled Zion with justice and righteousness” (33:5) – The Glory of God “High and lifted up” (6:1) “High and lifted up” (6:1) “The Lord is exalted, for He dwells on high” (33:5) “The Lord is exalted, for He dwells on high” (33:5) He reigns from His throne in heaven (52:7) He reigns from His throne in heaven (52:7) The excellency of our God (35:2; 28:29) The excellency of our God (35:2; 28:29) – The Holiness of God “Holy One of Israel” – 25 times in the book; 6 times in rest of O.T. “Holy One of Israel” – 25 times in the book; 6 times in rest of O.T. He is incomparable (40:12-28; 46:5-8) He is incomparable (40:12-28; 46:5-8) Consequences for rejecting His holiness (5:24-25) Consequences for rejecting His holiness (5:24-25) God cannot tolerate sin (59:1-2) God cannot tolerate sin (59:1-2)

8 Isaiah The Character of God The Character of God – The Sovereignty of God Nations would fall under the power of His hand Nations would fall under the power of His hand – God called the Assyrian king, “the rod of My anger” to punish Israel & chastise Judah for their idolatry (10:5- 11) – In turn, He warned that He would punish the Assyrians because the king boasted of his power (10:12-19) – God promised Judah that He would spare their nation from the Assyrians and a faithful remnant would be saved (10:20-27) God rules in the affairs of men (Dan. 4:32) God rules in the affairs of men (Dan. 4:32) God is supreme & ruler of all (2:8; 6:3; 37:19; etc.) God is supreme & ruler of all (2:8; 6:3; 37:19; etc.)

9 Isaiah The Character to Judah The Character to Judah – Rebellious (1:2, 4-6) – Ungrateful (1:3; 5:12b) Forgot the source of their blessings (Deut. 8:2, 7-20) Forgot the source of their blessings (Deut. 8:2, 7-20) Damascus & Samaria too (17:10-11) Damascus & Samaria too (17:10-11) – Hypocritical (1:10-16). “Worshiped” God, but: Perverted justice by taking bribes (5:23) Perverted justice by taking bribes (5:23) Oppressed the poor, widows, orphans (10:1-2) Oppressed the poor, widows, orphans (10:1-2) Erred through wine & strong drink (5:11-12; 28:7-8) Erred through wine & strong drink (5:11-12; 28:7-8) Revolted with own hands making idols/images (31:6-7) Revolted with own hands making idols/images (31:6-7) Practiced ungodliness, uttered error, devised wickedness (32:5-7) Practiced ungodliness, uttered error, devised wickedness (32:5-7) Complacent & at east about their sinful condition (32:9-11) Complacent & at east about their sinful condition (32:9-11) Obstinate, with a neck of iron muscle & a brow of brass (48:4) Obstinate, with a neck of iron muscle & a brow of brass (48:4) Drew near with their mouths, honored with lips (29:13) Drew near with their mouths, honored with lips (29:13) Mistakenly thought God would accept external actions without internal devotion Mistakenly thought God would accept external actions without internal devotion

10 Isaiah The Character to Judah The Character to Judah – Proud Full of themselves, with their great possessions, military strength & military alliances, God’s people: Full of themselves, with their great possessions, military strength & military alliances, God’s people: – Had “lofty looks” (2:10) – Displayed “haughtiness” (2:11) – Acted in “arrogance of heart” (9:9) – Became “wise in their own eyes” (5:21) – Would “call evil good, and good evil…” (5:20) – Visited mediums and wizards instead of God (8:19-20) – Told the prophets, “Do not prophesy to us right things; Speak to us smooth things, prophesy deceits” (30:10) – Trusted “in the shadow of Egypt” instead of God (30:1-2; 31:1-3) – Believed they’d escape the “overflowing scourge” of God’s punishment (28:15) – Isaiah sought to turn them back to God

11 Isaiah The Coming of Messiah The Coming of Messiah – “Isaiah…saw His glory & spoke of Him” (Jn. 12:41) – His birth & divine presence (7:14; cf. Matt. 1:21-23) – His Davidic heritage (11:1; cf. Rom. 1:3; 15:12) – His forerunner (40:3; cf. Mark 1:3) – His glory, power & good tidings (40:5-10; cf. John 1:14) – His shepherd-like love (40:11; cf. John 10:1-18) – His ministry/work (61:1-3; cf. Luke 4:16-21) – His Galilean ministry (9:1-2; Matt. 4:12-17) – His sufferings & death (53:1-12; cf. Acts 8:35) – His victory over death (25:8; cf. 1 Cor. 15:54) – His foundation stone (28:16; cf. Rom. 9:33; 1 Pet. 2:6-8) – His house (2:1-4; cf. Acts 2; Matt. 16:18-19) – His eternal throne (9:6-7; cf. Matt. 28:18; 1 Cor. 15:25-26) – His plan for Gentiles (62:2; cf. Eph. 2:11-18) – His new name for His people (62:2; cf. Acts 11:26)


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