Presentation on theme: " Conditionals are clauses used to express condition. They are formed by a hypothesis and a result, separated with a comma (,). No comma if it is formed."— Presentation transcript:
Conditionals are clauses used to express condition. They are formed by a hypothesis and a result, separated with a comma (,). No comma if it is formed result – hypothesis. The hypothesis begins with the word if. There are four types of conditionals: Type 0, type 1, type 2 and type 3.
0 Conditional Used to express something that is always true. If/when. If-clause (hypothesis): If/when + present simple. Main clause (result): Present simple.
If/When the sun shines, snow melts. If/When the temperature falls bellow 0ºC, water turns into ice. If/When we heat water, it boils. EXAMPLES
1 st Conditional Used to express real situations in the present or future. If-clause (hypothesis): If + present simple, present continuous, present perfect or present perfect continuous. Main clause (result): Future/imperative/can/may/might/must/should/could + bare infinitive
If he doesn’t study hard, he won’t pass his exam. EXAMPLES If he doesn’t pay the fine, he will go to prison.
If you need help, come and see me. If you have finished your work, we can have a break. If you are ever in the area, you should come and visit us.
2 nd Conditional Used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the present and that are not probable to happen in the present or in the future. If-clause (hypothesis): If + past simple, past continuous. Main clause (result): Would / could / might + bare infinitive
EXAMPLES If I won the lottery, I would buy an expensive car and I would go on holiday to a tropical island next summer. If I had time, I would take up a sport. If I were you, I would talk to may parents about it.
3 rd Conditional Used to express imaginary situations which are contrary to facts in the past and also to express regrets or criticism. If-clause (hypothesis): If + past perfect, past perfect continuous. Main clause (result): Would / could / might + have + bare infinitive.
EXAMPLES If John hadn’t got up late, he wouldn’t have missed the bus. If Peter had stuedied harder, he would have passed the test. If he hadn’t been acting so foolishly, he wouldn’t have been punished.
If + will or would: Make a polite request Express insistence Uncertainty If + should: Talk about something possible, but very likely to happen.
EXAMPLES If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go camping. If you will finish in this form, I’ll process you application. If you will not stop shouting, you’ll have to leave.
I don’t know if he will pass his test. If Tom should call, tell him I’ll be late.
Unless instead of if + verb (affirmative) 1 st Conditional EXAMPLE Unless you leave now, you’ll miss the bus.
Were instead of was for all persons 2nd Conditional EXAMPLE If Rick was / were here, we could have party. Giving advice EXAMPLE If I were you, I wouldn’t complain about it.
We can use: Suppose / Supposing As long as Provided / Providing that EXAMPLES Suppose / Supposing the boss comes now, what would you say? I would tell you it as long as I now it.
You can see Dr Carter provided you have an appointment. We will all have dinner together providing Mary comes on time.
In the 1 st Conditional: if should. In the 2 nd Conditional: if were. In the 3 rd Conditional: if had
Should instead of if (1 st ) Should Peter come, tell him to wait. Were instead of if (2 nd ) Were I you, I wouldn’t trust him. Had instead of if (3 rd ) Had he known, he would have called.
If I were a boy Even just for a day I’d roll outta bed in the morning And throw on what I wanted and go Drink beer with the guys And chase after girls I’d kick it with who I wanted And I’d never get confronted for it 'Cause they’d stick up for me If I were a boy I think I could understand How it feels to love a girl I swear I’d be a better man I’d listen to her 'Cause I know how it hurts When you lose the one you wanted 'Cause he’s taken you for granted And everything you had got destroyed If I were a boy I would turn off my phone Tell everyone it’s broken So they’d think that I was sleepin’ alone I’d put myself first And make the rules as I go 'Cause I know that she’d be faithful Waitin’ for me to come home To come home If I were a boy I think I could understand How it feels to love a girl I swear I’d be a better man I’d listen to her 'Cause I know how it hurts When you lose the one you wanted 'Cause he’s taken you for granted And everything you had got destroyed It's a little too late for you to come back Say it's just a mistake Think I'd forgive you like that If you thought I would wait for you You thought wrong But you’re just a boy You don’t understand Yeah, you don’t understand How it feels to love a girl, someday You wish you were a better man You don’t listen to her You don’t care how it hurts Until you lose the one you wanted 'Cause you’ve taken her for granted And everything you have got destroyed But you’re just a boy
INFORMATION Jenny Dooley & Virginia Evans “Grammar Way” Express publishing Song http://www.quedeletras.com/letra-cancion-if-i-were-a- boy-bajar-106676/disco-dangerously-in-love/beyonce- if-i-were-a-boy.html
PICTURES Mafalda http://telenekos.files.wordpress.com/2007/09/mafalda20pensando.jpg Boy http://diegobacha.files.wordpress.com/2008/11/es-colorear-dibujos-imagenes- foto-pensar-p10044.jpg Girl http://cms7.blogia.com/blogs/p/pe/pex/pexoxas21/upload/20060611011648- cl-pensando.gif Sun http://sitioserradoscristais.com.br/sol.gif Snowflake http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_we2xIhV1NIc/R877BV2s2fI/AAAAAAAAAGw/kuLN 2Ha9nxQ/s320/copo%2Bde%2Bnieve.gif http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_we2xIhV1NIc/R877BV2s2fI/AAAAAAAAAGw/kuLN 2Ha9nxQ/s320/copo%2Bde%2Bnieve.gif Ice http://cms7.blogia.com/blogs/a/ae/aed/aedia/upload/20070225204725- hielo.jpg
Boiling water http://www.peru-warmi.com/assets/images/WARMI_OLLA_2004-1x0.902.jpg Boy http://marilima.blig.ig.com.br/imagens/pensando.gif Boy studying http://lp.udabol.edu.bo/revista/html/estudiar.gif Tick http://www.webdesign-guru.co.uk/icon/wp-content/uploads/tick-button.jpg Police http://www.conted44.com/img/police.gif Help http://www.tiraeltarot.com/imagenes/ayuda.png Hands http://www.hcvsinfronteras.org.ar/wp-content/uploads/2007/06/manos- unidas.jpg
Break http://www.gifs-yatou.net/images/bebes/gif-bebes-007.gif http://absolutsalamanca.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/07/talleres-para- ninos.gif Turista http://www.galeon.com/nicetravel/Turista2.gif Village http://cms7.blogia.com/blogs/d/de/dev/devvy/upload/20070319171751-el- pueblo.jpg Happy faces http://www.ideacorporativa.com/megamarbles/components/com_virtuemart/s hop_image/product/HAPPY_FACE_10_5__4867454439cae.jpg Harry & friends http://raspaja.files.wordpress.com/2009/04/pensando1.jpg Ferrari http://www.internenes.com/fotos/00000081.jpg
Tropical island http://lacomunidad.elpais.com/blogfiles/el-rincon/islaenvidia.jpg Football player http://www.dogandcatshelter.com/assets/images/football.gif Bug thinking http://www.coloreardibujos.com/wp-content/uploads/backyardigans-uniqua- pensando.gif Bus http://tell.fll.purdue.edu/JapanProj/FLClipart/Nouns/vehicle/bus.gif Alarm clock http://tirnanog.ls.fi.upm.es/NoSeguro/Imagenes/Despertador.gif Study boy http://media.photobucket.com/image/estudiando%20gif/dragancete/ estudiando.gif Punishment http://www.swccd.edu/~dalonso/hojasdeestudio/Episodio22/reganar.gif
Baby thinking http://www.wondercliparts.com/thinking_of_you/graphics/thinking_of_you_gra phics_12.gif Piece of paper http://sepiensa.org.mx/contenidos/2008/tl_experimentos/images/ims2_03.gif Woman shouting http://aupec.univalle.edu.co/informes/marzo98/fotos/grito.gif Boy’s test http://www.richardjames.org.uk/hchlogic/exam.gif Phone http://www.montereycountychildcare.org/images/PHONE.gif Interrogation points http://xtalformacion.com/formacioncontinua/img/interrogaciones.jpg Clock http://www.templocristiano.com/Horario/images/RELOJ.gif
Bus http://www.ahiva.info/Colorear/Transportes/Autobus/Autobus-01.gif Running http://usuarios.lycos.es/piratalia/correr.gif Happy face http://profy.com/wp-content/blogs.dir/1/images/cyndy2008/happyface.gif Boss http://magicalsymphony.iespana.es/imagenes/director.gif Speaking http://www.escolalliurex.es/binary/470/files172/images/verbsunit2/hablar.gif Doctor http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/4605577/2/istockphoto _4605577-doctor.jpg Dinner http://recursos.cnice.mec.es/biosfera/alumno/2ESO/Energia_ecosistemas/im agenes/Actividades/familia%20comiendo.gif