Presentation on theme: "Chapter 30 Sections 1 & 2 Revolution in Russia Starts on Page 867."— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 30Sections 1 & 2Revolution in RussiaStarts on Page 867
2Section 1 Revolutions in Russia Czars Resist ChangeAlexander III ( ), Nicholas II ( )CensorshipSecret PoliceSuppression of non-Russian nationalitiesRussia IndustrializesNumber of factories double betweenIn the 1890s, government ministers seek foreign investment for growth. By 1900, Russia is the 4th largest steel producerTrans-Siberian Railway: world’s largest continuous rail line
3Section 1 Revolutions in Russia The Growth of the Revolutionary MovementRapid industrialization stirred up discontent just as it had in other European nationsViews of Karl Marx catch onBelieved that industrial working class would overthrow the Czar, and establish a “dictatorship of the proletariat.”Proletariat: the working classRussian Marxists splitMensheviks: ModeratesBolsheviks: Radicals, led by Vladimir LeninLenin forced to leave Russia to avoid arrest.
4Section 1 Revolutions in Russia Crises at Home and AbroadThe Russo-Japanese War, 1904Japanese and Russians competing for Korea and Manchuria. Russia loosesBloody Sunday: the Revolution of 1905200,000 workers protest at Czars palace, troops open firenation wide strikes. Czar sets up a weak legislature called the DumaWorld War I: The Final BlowCzar Nicholas II went to the frontWife, Czarina Alexandra, runs government, with help of the mysterious holy man, Rasputin
5Section 1 Revolutions in Russia The March Revolution, 1917Workers riot against government, Czar abdicates.Duma sets up the “provisional government” (means temporary government)Lenin Returns to Russia, with help from the GermansThe Bolshevik RevolutionLenin’s slogan: “Peace, Land and Bread!”Provisional government overthrown by Bolshevik supporters in November.Bolsheviks take power: land to be redistributed, truce signed with Germany.Civil War in Russia,The Red Army (Bolsheviks)The White Army (Czarists, Democrats, and Mensheviks)
6Section 1 Revolutions in Russia Lenin Restores OrderNew Economic Policy, 1921Small-scale capitalismBanks, communication, and major industries remain government controlledPolitical ReformsOrganizes the country as a series of self-governing republics under the Central GovernmentUnion of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR)Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist PartyStalin becomes DictatorJoseph Stalin, general secretary of the Communist PartyLenin Dies in 1924Leon Trotsky, Stalin’s rival, is exiled to MexicoStalin in total control by 1928.
7Section 2 Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia A Government of Total ControlTotalitarianism: a government that takes total, centralized control over every aspect of public and private life.Police State: use of terror and violence, police used to enforce government’s policiesIndoctrination: instruction in the government’s beliefs to mold people’s minds. (Education)Propaganda and Censorship: total control of all mass-media to spread the government’s messageReligious or Ethnic Persecution: “enemies of the state”, someone to blame.
8Section 2 Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia Stalin Builds a Totalitarian StatePolice State: monitoring telephone lines, reading mail, spying on citicentsGreat Purge, , 8-13 million killedRussian Propaganda and CensorshipEducation and IndoctrinationSchools taught the virtues of the Communist PartyGovernment youth groups trained children to be good communistsReligious Persecution: Atheism, attacked the Russian Orthodox ChurchStalin Seizes Control of the EconomyCommand Economy: government made all economic decisionsIndustry: the Five-Year PlansFocus on steel, coal, oilLed to shortages of consumer goods (clothes, shoes, food)Agriculture: collective farmsPrivate farms seized by government, worked by hundreds of families
9Section 2 Totalitarianism: Stalinist Russia Stalin Seizes Control of the EconomyCommand Economy: government made all economic decisionsIndustry: the Five-Year PlansFocus on steel, coal, oilLed to shortages of consumer goods (clothes, shoes, food)Agriculture: collective farmsPrivate farms seized by government, worked by hundreds of families
10Sections 1 & 2 Review Who were the last Czars? Who were the Mensheviks? Bolsheviks?What revolutions occurred in 1917?Who took over Russia in 1917? Who was their leader?Who turned Russia into a totalitarian state?What is Totalitarianism?What is a command economy?What are collective farms?