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RENAISSANCE RENAISSANCE 1300’S ( 14 TH ) NORTHERN ITALY LATER IN NORTHERN EUROPE.

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Presentation on theme: "RENAISSANCE RENAISSANCE 1300’S ( 14 TH ) NORTHERN ITALY LATER IN NORTHERN EUROPE."— Presentation transcript:

1 RENAISSANCE RENAISSANCE 1300’S ( 14 TH ) NORTHERN ITALY LATER IN NORTHERN EUROPE

2 Renaissance Renaissance French for “re-birth” “reawakening” French for “re-birth” “reawakening” Term first used by artist and historian Term first used by artist and historian VASARI – used term to describe the art of “ rare men of genius” VASARI – used term to describe the art of “ rare men of genius” TERM CAME TO BE USED TO DESCRIBE MANY ASPECTS OF LIFE TERM CAME TO BE USED TO DESCRIBE MANY ASPECTS OF LIFE

3 Rebirth/ Reawakening Of an interest in Classical civilization Of an interest in Classical civilization Greek and Roman Greek and Roman

4 WHY NORTHERN ITALY? NO 100 YRS WAR NO 100 YRS WAR CLOSE TO ROME- reminder of Classical civilization CLOSE TO ROME- reminder of Classical civilization UNIVERSITIES- scholars UNIVERSITIES- scholars HAD MONEY…MONEY …MONEY- money from… coming up HAD MONEY…MONEY …MONEY- money from… coming up

5 City- states Northern Italian cities were city- states Northern Italian cities were city- states WHO? WHO? GENOA, VENICE, MILAN, AND GENOA, VENICE, MILAN, AND FLORENCE FLORENCE CITIES WERE RULED BY OLIGARCHIES OR SIGNORIS WHO HAD CONDOTTIERI CITIES WERE RULED BY OLIGARCHIES OR SIGNORIS WHO HAD CONDOTTIERI

6 FLORENCE FLORENCE Was the city that led the Renaissance Was the city that led the Renaissance

7 MONEY FROM SHIPPING- ?? Place of revival of long distance trade SHIPPING- ?? Place of revival of long distance trade TRADE – wool trade TRADE – wool trade BANKING- BANKING-

8 Renaissance Renaissance Was about change: Was about change: Social Social Political Political Economic Economic

9 Renaissance included new attitudes INDIVIDUALISM INDIVIDUALISM SECULARISM SECULARISM HUMANISM HUMANISM

10 THESE NEW ATTITUDES WERE FOUND IN THE UPPER CLASS/URBAN NOBILITY EASIEST WAY TO UNDERSTAND THE NEW ATTITUDES IS TO LOOK AT THE ATTITUDES OF THE MIDDLE AGES FIRST

11 MIDDLE AGES /RENAISSANCE -MIDDLE AGES: ATTITUDE : THE PARISH- THE GROUP- WE- CONFORMITY- CONSENSUS -MIDDLE AGES: ATTITUDE : THE PARISH- THE GROUP- WE- CONFORMITY- CONSENSUS RENAISSANCE: INDIVIDUALISM RENAISSANCE: INDIVIDUALISM I AM IMPORTANT I AM IMPORTANT IT IS OK TO BE FAMOUS IT IS OK TO BE FAMOUS

12 IT IS OK TO BE DIFFERENT IT IS OK TO BE DIFFERENT NEW ART FORMS: INDIVIDUAL PORTRAITS NEW ART FORMS: INDIVIDUAL PORTRAITS NEW FORM OF LITERATURE: AUTOBIOGRAPHY NEW FORM OF LITERATURE: AUTOBIOGRAPHY

13 2 nd comparison MIDDLE AGES: MIDDLE AGES: THE PURPOSE OF STUDY WAS TO KNOW GOD THE PURPOSE OF STUDY WAS TO KNOW GOD SOURCE OF STUDY- THE BIBLE SOURCE OF STUDY- THE BIBLE

14 RENAISSANCE ATTITUDE HUMANISM HUMANISM PURPOSE OF STUDY IS TO KNOW MAN PURPOSE OF STUDY IS TO KNOW MAN SOURCE OF INFO – THE CLASSICS SOURCE OF INFO – THE CLASSICS ( writings of Greeks and Romans) ( writings of Greeks and Romans) THE FATHER OF HUMANISM WAS PETRARCH THE FATHER OF HUMANISM WAS PETRARCH

15 HUMANISM MIRANDOLA WROTE THAT “ ON THE DIGNITY OF MAN” … MAN CAN DO ALL THINGS… … HUMAN POTENTIAL IS LIMITLESS

16 LAST NEW ATTITUDE SECULARISM MIDDLE AGE ATTITUDE MIDDLE AGE ATTITUDE RELIGION- HEAVEN- SALVATION- THE SOUL RELIGION- HEAVEN- SALVATION- THE SOUL SECULARISM SECULARISM WORLDY POSSESSIONS- OK! WORLDY POSSESSIONS- OK! EMHASIS ON THE HERE AND NOW EMHASIS ON THE HERE AND NOW

17 MONEY- LUXURIES ARE OK!! MONEY- LUXURIES ARE OK!! LORENZO VALLA – AUTHOR OF LORENZO VALLA – AUTHOR OF “ON PLEASURE” “ON PLEASURE” - SAID THAT PLEASURE WAS THE HIGHEST GOOD… (yikes!) - SAID THAT PLEASURE WAS THE HIGHEST GOOD… (yikes!)

18 In addition to the new attitudes New forms of vernacular writing: New forms of vernacular writing: “How to” books…. “How to” books…. THE COURTIER- BY CASTIGLIONE THE COURTIER- BY CASTIGLIONE WAS A BOOK ON HOW TO BE A GENTLEMAN WAS A BOOK ON HOW TO BE A GENTLEMAN A GENTLEMAN SHOULD BE ABLE TO : A GENTLEMAN SHOULD BE ABLE TO :

19 DANCE DANCE FIGHT FIGHT RECITE POETRY RECITE POETRY SPEAK WELL.. AND KNOW THE CLASSICS SPEAK WELL.. AND KNOW THE CLASSICS

20 Another “how to” book THE PRINCE THE PRINCE AUTHOR: MACHIAVELLI AUTHOR: MACHIAVELLI “perhaps the most famous book written during the Renaissance” “perhaps the most famous book written during the Renaissance” The Prince was about how to The Prince was about how to Gain, use and keep POWER Gain, use and keep POWER

21 Political action cannot be judged by morality but should be judged on how effective the political action/ power is Political action cannot be judged by morality but should be judged on how effective the political action/ power is “the end justifies the means” “the end justifies the means” Meaning? Meaning? Power and ruthlessness are more important than idealism Power and ruthlessness are more important than idealism

22 “ It is better to be feared than loved” “ It is better to be feared than loved” Meaning? Meaning? “The end justifies the means” “The end justifies the means” Meaning? Meaning?

23 The word MACHIAVELLIAN today means The word MACHIAVELLIAN today means Ruthless, crafty… willing to do whatever it takes to achieve goals Ruthless, crafty… willing to do whatever it takes to achieve goals Two later important historical figures used Machiavelli’s ideas: Two later important historical figures used Machiavelli’s ideas: RICHELIEAU AND BISMARCK RICHELIEAU AND BISMARCK

24 THE ART THE ART The most famous part of the Renaissance The most famous part of the Renaissance

25 MEDIEVAL ART MEDIEVAL ART RELIGIOUS RELIGIOUS STIFF- FORMAL STIFF- FORMAL SOME TAPESTRIES ( in castles) SOME TAPESTRIES ( in castles) IN CHURCHES IN CHURCHES AUDIENCE: because art was in churches- everyone AUDIENCE: because art was in churches- everyone

26 Most notable aspect of the Renaissance was the ART ITALIANS WERE WILLING TO SPEND A LOT OF MONEY ON ART ITALIANS WERE WILLING TO SPEND A LOT OF MONEY ON ART  ART COMMUNICATED SOCIAL, POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC VALUES  ITALIAN BANKING AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE FAMILIES HAD MONEY  ART WAS USED AS A FORM OF COMPETITION – AMONG A NEW CLASS OF PEOPLE= URBAN NOBILITY

27 RENAISSANCE ART PATRONS: PATRONS: THE WEALTHY ( URBAN NOBILTY) THE WEALTHY ( URBAN NOBILTY) THE CHURCH THE CHURCH GUILDS GUILDS

28 STYLES AND TECHNIQUES PERSPECTIVE PERSPECTIVE LIGHT AND SHADING “CHIAROSCURO” LIGHT AND SHADING “CHIAROSCURO” REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL STYLES REVIVAL OF CLASSICAL STYLES THE BEAUTY OF THE HUMAN BODY THE BEAUTY OF THE HUMAN BODY GEOMETRICAL ARRANGEMENT OF FIGURES GEOMETRICAL ARRANGEMENT OF FIGURES NEW OIL BASED PAINT NEW OIL BASED PAINT AT FIRST EMPAHSIZED RELIGIOUS THEMES AT FIRST EMPAHSIZED RELIGIOUS THEMES

29 LATER THE BEAUTY OF THE HUMAN BODY THE BEAUTY OF THE HUMAN BODY LATER STILL… LATER STILL… MYTHS… MYTHS… INDIVIDUAL PORTRAITS INDIVIDUAL PORTRAITS GROUP PORTRAITS GROUP PORTRAITS

30 GIOTTO GIOTTO ITALIAN ITALIAN “LED THE WAY” “FATHER OF RENAISSANCE PAINTING” “LED THE WAY” “FATHER OF RENAISSANCE PAINTING” USE OF REALISM USE OF REALISM ROUNDED, MORE HUMAN LIKE ROUNDED, MORE HUMAN LIKE A BIT OF EMOTION A BIT OF EMOTION

31 THE MEETING AT THE GOLDEN GATE

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33 What characteristics of Ren art can you see? What characteristics of Ren art can you see?

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35 DONATELLO DONATELLO FATHER OF MODERN SCULPTURE FATHER OF MODERN SCULPTURE THE FIRST FREE STANDING STATUE SINCE CLASSICAL TIME THE FIRST FREE STANDING STATUE SINCE CLASSICAL TIME

36 YOUNG DAVID YOUNG DAVID

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39 What characteristics of Ren art can you see? What characteristics of Ren art can you see?

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42 Mary Magdalene

43 That was different

44 MASACCIO MASACCIO “FATHER” OF MODERN PAINTING “FATHER” OF MODERN PAINTING FIRST NUDES SINCE CLASSICAL TIME FIRST NUDES SINCE CLASSICAL TIME USE OF LIGHT AND DARK- CHIAROSCURO USE OF LIGHT AND DARK- CHIAROSCURO REALISM …well REALISM …well EXPANDED ON GIOTTO’S WORK EXPANDED ON GIOTTO’S WORK FIRST TO “ really” USE PERSPECTIVE FIRST TO “ really” USE PERSPECTIVE

45 NEED TO KNOW EXPULSION FROM THE GARDEN ( Adam and Eve) Renaissance characteristics??

46 THE TRIBUTE THE TRIBUTE ( scene shows Jesus and Apostles- Jesus was asked the question about taxes)

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49 GHIBERTI GHIBERTI DESIGNER OF THE BRONZE DOORS FOR THE CATHEDRAL IN FLORENCE DESIGNER OF THE BRONZE DOORS FOR THE CATHEDRAL IN FLORENCE

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51 DOESN’T LOOK LIKE MUCH…. BUT

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53 BRUNELLESCHI BRUNELLESCHI COMMISSIONED TO BUILD A CATHEDRAL( Duomo) DOME BY CLOTH MERCHANTS IN FLORENCE COMMISSIONED TO BUILD A CATHEDRAL( Duomo) DOME BY CLOTH MERCHANTS IN FLORENCE USED THE PANTHEON AS A MODEL USED THE PANTHEON AS A MODEL -what was the Pantheon ? -what was the Pantheon ?

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55 NTK Michelangelo, Raphael and Da Vinci Michelangelo, Raphael and Da Vinci All worked in Rome around the year 1500- All worked in Rome around the year 1500- The time ( 1500) is often revered to as the “High Renaissance” because of the greatness of the works created by all three artists The time ( 1500) is often revered to as the “High Renaissance” because of the greatness of the works created by all three artists

56 MICHELANGELO MICHELANGELO SCULPTOR SCULPTOR ARCHITECT ARCHITECT PAINTER PAINTER

57 THE PIETA THE PIETA

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59 Check out the detail

60 DAVID DAVID

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65 Michelangelo was an architect You need to know that he designed… You need to know that he designed…

66 DESIGNER OF ST. PETER’S DOME

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68 INSIDE THE DOME

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70 THE SISTINE CHAPEL WHAT WAS MICHELANGELO SAYING??

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74 THE LAST JUDGMENT

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79 DA VINCI DA VINCI BEST EXAMPLE OF A RENAISSANCE MAN BEST EXAMPLE OF A RENAISSANCE MAN DID MANY THINGS AND DID MANY THINGS WELL DID MANY THINGS AND DID MANY THINGS WELL

80 THE MOST FAMOUS PAINTING IN THE WORLD MONA LISA

81 SELF PORTRAIT

82 THE ANNUNCIATION

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84 VITRUVIAN MAN VITRUVIAN MAN NAME “VITRUVIAN” IS TAKEN FROM THAT OF A FIRST CENTURY ROMAN ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER WHO USED SQUARES AND CIRCLES TO SHOW THE BODY’S SYMMETRY. NAME “VITRUVIAN” IS TAKEN FROM THAT OF A FIRST CENTURY ROMAN ARCHITECT AND ENGINEER WHO USED SQUARES AND CIRCLES TO SHOW THE BODY’S SYMMETRY.

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86 THE LAST SUPPER

87 THE SKETCHBOOK THE SKETCHBOOK HUMAN ANATOMY HUMAN ANATOMY INVENTIONS INVENTIONS MANY MILITARY DESIGNS MANY MILITARY DESIGNS

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90 The Grotesques The Grotesques

91 RAPHAEL RAPHAEL THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS

92 RAPHAEL RAPHAEL MADONNAS MADONNAS THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS ( located in the Vatican) THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS ( located in the Vatican) Shows Plato and Aristotle surrounded by other great philosophers and scientists

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96 Who does the baby Jesus look like?

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98 ADD THIS NAME…

99 BOTTECELLI PRIMAVERA BOTTECELLI PRIMAVERA

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102 THE BIRTH OF VENUS


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