2Neolithic: Living in settled communities Hunters- gatherers stayed in one place as long as the food lastedMade storage bins for extra grain
3Taming animals and sowing seeds As people settled down, they learned from their environmentObserved stages of growthnoticed conditionsLeft some plants to re-seed for new-cropsLearned about animal habitsDrove away other animalsProtected the herdPeople began to plant their own seed and keeping animalsFirst evidence of domestication around BCEAnimals appearance changedDepended on humans for survival
4Farming as a way of lifeDomestication lead to agricultureAdvantages:Raise more foodSupport more peopleMove to new regionsSurplus could be traded or storedOccupations:Not everyone need to grow foodBrought division of labor4. People changed the environment and lifestylesForce wild animals outPlants and trees cut down
55. CHANGES Neolithic Era- used tools Lived in villages Made pottery Weaving cloth and basketsWorking with Metal
6Vocabulary Neolithic: New Stone Age Shrine: places of worship Self-Sufficient: able to do things aloneSpecialization of Labor: separate jobsCulture: a way of lifeTrade: the business of buying and selling or exchanging items.
7Starting of Cities City of the Plain – UR (Sumer Mesopotamia) Arose because of advances in agriculture and changes in societyIrrigation brought water to cropsControl when and how much waterPrevents famine and starvation
8Features of a cityPeople work together – organizedLeaders make rulesPlanning and building large public buildingsPeople employed in different jobsCalled specialization of lobarDifferent social groupsLong distance trade
9Early Civilization A complex society which has: Stable food supply Specialization of laborSystem of governmentSocial levelsHighly developed culture