2 Neolithic: Living in settled communities Hunters- gatherers stayed in one place as long as the food lastedMade storage bins for extra grain
3 Taming animals and sowing seeds As people settled down, they learned from their environmentObserved stages of growthnoticed conditionsLeft some plants to re-seed for new-cropsLearned about animal habitsDrove away other animalsProtected the herdPeople began to plant their own seed and keeping animalsFirst evidence of domestication around BCEAnimals appearance changedDepended on humans for survival
4 Farming as a way of lifeDomestication lead to agricultureAdvantages:Raise more foodSupport more peopleMove to new regionsSurplus could be traded or storedOccupations:Not everyone need to grow foodBrought division of labor4. People changed the environment and lifestylesForce wild animals outPlants and trees cut down
5 5. CHANGES Neolithic Era- used tools Lived in villages Made pottery Weaving cloth and basketsWorking with Metal
6 Vocabulary Neolithic: New Stone Age Shrine: places of worship Self-Sufficient: able to do things aloneSpecialization of Labor: separate jobsCulture: a way of lifeTrade: the business of buying and selling or exchanging items.
7 Starting of Cities City of the Plain – UR (Sumer Mesopotamia) Arose because of advances in agriculture and changes in societyIrrigation brought water to cropsControl when and how much waterPrevents famine and starvation
8 Features of a cityPeople work together – organizedLeaders make rulesPlanning and building large public buildingsPeople employed in different jobsCalled specialization of lobarDifferent social groupsLong distance trade
9 Early Civilization A complex society which has: Stable food supply Specialization of laborSystem of governmentSocial levelsHighly developed culture