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Transforming Corrections Presented at the Reintegration Puzzle Conference Auckland, New Zealand Thursday, August 22, 2013 Tom O’Connor, Ph.D. CEO., Transforming.

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Presentation on theme: "Transforming Corrections Presented at the Reintegration Puzzle Conference Auckland, New Zealand Thursday, August 22, 2013 Tom O’Connor, Ph.D. CEO., Transforming."— Presentation transcript:

1 Transforming Corrections Presented at the Reintegration Puzzle Conference Auckland, New Zealand Thursday, August 22, 2013 Tom O’Connor, Ph.D. CEO., Transforming Corrections Assistant Prof., Criminal Justice, Western Oregon University (503)

2 More compassionate More collaborative Focused on health More effective Less expensive A Journey of Adaptive Change

3 3 Immunity to Change ® A Human Development Approach to Adaptive Change by Robert Kegan and Lisa Lahey, 2010

4 4 Global Peace Index Context Conditions Consciousness - /page/indexes/global-peace-index

5 Incarceration Rates in the United States Rate per 100,000 Residents Sources: U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics, Prisoners in State and Federal Institutions on December 31, annual, and Correctional Populations in the United States, annual.

6 Incarceration Change Between 1960 and 1990 When Crime Rates were almost identical. FinlandGermany United States Tonry, M. (2004). Thinking About Crime: Sense and Sensibility in American Penal Culture. New York: Oxford University Press.

7 A Low Dream Approach

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9 What Makes the Difference? Self Working relationship with a change agent Program Placebo 40% 30% 15% (McNeill, Batchelor, Burnett, Knox, (2005), 21 st Century Social Work, Glasgow School of Social Work)

10 Malcolm X Anne Frank Fr. Danial Berrigan St. Paul Gandhi Martin Luther King Lydia Kamakaeha A High Dream Approach Aung San Suu Kyi Nelson Mandela Malcolm X Anne Frank Fr. Danial Berrigan St. Paul Gandhi Martin Luther King Lydia Kamakaeha Aung San Suu Kyi Nelson Mandela

11 Ask yourself this question. What is the opposite of fragile? Anti-fragile “The world breaks everyone, and some get stronger because of it.” Earnest Hemmingway

12 Reduces Recidivism Rates by 22% and Saves $10.42 for every $1 invested Functional Family Therapy Program for Juveniles

13 Follow- Up With an Outcome Evaluation: Results from Washington’s Functional Family Therapy 17% 27% 32% 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% Recidivism Rate FFT youth (Competent therapists) Comparison youth FFT youth (Not competent therapists) 10 of 15

14 Motivational Interviewing: 4 Essential Components Miller & Rollnick, 2012 PartnershipAcceptanceEvocationCompassion

15 Probation Officers As Change Agents: Change in Recidivism Rates

16 Systems Intervention © Fixsen & Blase, 2008 Performance Assessment Staff Coaching Staff Training Staff Selection Facilitative Administration Decision Support Data System Competency Drivers Organization Drivers Leadership Implementation Drivers Improved outcomes Well-defined, Effective strategy TechnicalAdaptive

17 Evidence-based Decision Making Initiative – EBDMI & Justice Reinvestment Strategy Police – who to arrest? Mental Health – who to help and keep out of penal system? Jail – who to release? Prosecution/Defense – what to charge? Judges – what sentence? Probation, Prison & Parole – what change agent and treatment?

18 Dialogue Coaching – The Art of Thinking Together William Issacs / David Kantor, 2012 MoveFollowOpposeBystand

19 “The quest for meaning is an inherent part of being human.” There are 3 basic ways of making meaning – H/S/R. H: Humanist S. Spiritual R. Religious Making Meaning

20 What is it?- understanding / intelligence Shared Framework for Making Meaning Is it so?- truth / rationality

21 Please answer this question. A bat and a ball cost $1.10. The bat costs one dollar more than the ball. How much does the ball cost?

22 What is it?- understanding / intelligence Is it loving?- humanist, spiritual, religious meaning Is it good?- ethics / morality Shared Framework for Making Meaning Is it so?- truth / rationality


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