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NORMAL & ABNORMAL LABOUR Part 2: Abnormal Labour HANGZHOU WOMENS HOSPITAL International Undergraduate Course, 2011.

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Presentation on theme: "NORMAL & ABNORMAL LABOUR Part 2: Abnormal Labour HANGZHOU WOMENS HOSPITAL International Undergraduate Course, 2011."— Presentation transcript:

1 NORMAL & ABNORMAL LABOUR Part 2: Abnormal Labour HANGZHOU WOMENS HOSPITAL International Undergraduate Course, 2011

2 1.Induction of labor (RCOG GTG) 2.Fetal monitoring 3.Failure to progress in labour 4.Malpresentation/Malposition OP, breech, etc 5. Cephalopelvic disproportion 6.Operative vaginal delivery (RCOG GTG) 7.Shoulder dystocia (RCOG GTG) 8.VBAC (RCOG GTG)

3 1.External cephalic version (ECV) 2.Anal sphincter laceration (RCOG GTG) 3.Shoulder dystocia (RCOG GTG) 4.Hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy (HIE) 5. Other causes of cerebral palsy 6.CTG patterns (with examples) Beckmann Meconium aspiration syndrome 8.VBAC (RCOG GTG) 9.Episiotomy – indications, techniques, repair 10.Epidural anaesthesia – indications, techniques IMPORTANT TOPICS NOT COVERED IN DETAIL

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6 1. Induction of labour

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8 INDUCTION OF LABOUR 1. AMNIOTOMY

9 INDUCTION OF LABOUR 2. OXYTOCIN Poor uterine function, abnormal FHR patterns, hyperstimulation, uterine rupture, water intoxication.

10 2. Fetal monitoring

11 2.1 Cardiotocography or Non-stress testing 2. Fetal monitoring

12 2.2 Baseline rate, HR variability, accelerations, decelerations 2. Fetal monitoring

13 2.3 Early, variable and late decelerations 2. Fetal monitoring

14 DR C BRAVaDO Used in labor ward for interpreting a cardiotocograph: Define Risk, Contractions, Baseline Rate, Accelerations, Variability, Decelerations, Other features

15 2. Fetal monitoring 2.4 Fetal blood sampling

16 3. Failure to progress in labour

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20 4a. MALPOSITION e.g. OP position

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25 4b. MALPRESENTATION - breech RCOG GT Guideline

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30 RCOG GTG No.20 Term Breech trial Unfavourable features Trial of Labour Epidural anaesthesia Mauriceau-Smellie-Veit manoeuvre Burns-Marshall manoeuvre Lovsets manoeuvre After-coming head

31 5. Cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD) Absolute Or Relative

32 6. Operative vaginal delivery

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35 This is a disposable, vacuum delivery system. It consists of a cup and a handle, connected by plastic tubing.

36 The cup contains a yellow, foam pad. This prevents blockage of the tubing during a vacuum delivery.

37 The handle contains a vacuum indicator. It is marked in yellow, green and red.

38 The handle also contains a traction force indicator. It is marked in kilograms and pounds. It also has a vacuum release button

39 Application of the Kiwi cup 1.All the usual conditions for operative vaginal delivery are present i.e. full dilatation of the cervix, ruptured membranes, empty bladder, the presenting part is cephalic, etc. 2.Use plenty of obstetric cream on the cup. 3.Place two fingers at the fourchette and insert the cup. 4.Apply the cup to the flexion point of the fetal head. Place the groove on the cup along the sagittal suture so that you can check for rotation of the head during the delivery. 5.Use the pump to increase the vacuum to the yellow mark 6.Check that there is no vaginal wall trapped by the cup. 7.Wait for a contraction. Increase the vacuum to the green mark 8.Apply traction along the axis of the birth canal. 9.After delivery release the vacuum using the vacuum release button. Check the scalp of the baby after delivery.

40 7. Shoulder dystocia

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42 HELPERR mnemonic files/GT42ShoulderDystocia2005.pdf

43 8.Vaginal birth after Caesarean section

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45 1.External cephalic version (ECV) 2.Anal sphincter laceration (RCOG GTG) 3.Shoulder dystocia (RCOG GTG) 4.Hypoxic-ishamic encephalopathy (HIE) 5. Other causes of cerebral palsy 6.CTG patterns (with examples) Beckmann Meconium aspiration syndrome 8.VBAC (RCOG GTG) 9.Episiotomy – indications, techniques, repair 10.Epidural anaesthesia – indications, techniques IMPORTANT TOPICS NOT COVERED IN DETAIL


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