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**3.3 Rules for Differentiation**

AKA “Shortcuts”

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**Review from 3.2 4 places derivatives do not exist: Corner Cusp**

Vertical tangent (where derivative is undefined) Discontinuity (jump, hole, vertical asymptote, infinite oscillation) In other words, a function is differentiable everywhere in its domain if its graph is smooth and continuous.

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**3.2 Intermediate Value Theorem for Derivatives**

If a and b are any two points in an interval on which f is differentiable, then f’ takes on every value between f’(a) and f’(b).

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**Derivatives of Constants**

Find the derivative of f(x) = 5. Derivative of a Constant: If f is the function with the constant value c, then, (the derivative of any constant is 0)

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**Power Rule If n is any real number and x ≠ 0, then**

What is the derivative of f(x) = x3? From class the other day, we know f’(x) = 3x2. If n is any real number and x ≠ 0, then In other words, to take the derivative of a term with a power, move the power down front and subtract 1 from the exponent.

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**Power Rule Example: Example: What is the derivative of**

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Power Rule Example: What is the derivative of Now, use power rule

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**Constant Multiple Rule**

Find the derivative of f(x) = 3x2. Constant Multiple Rule: If u is a differentiable function of x and c is a constant, then In other words, take the derivative of the function and multiply it by the constant.

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**Sum/Difference Rule Find the derivative of f(x) = 3x2 + x**

If u and v are differentiable functions of x, then their sum and difference are differentiable at every point where u and v are differentiable. At such points, In other words, if functions are separated by + or –, take the derivative of each term one at a time.

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Example Find where horizontal tangent occurs for the function f(x) = 3x3 + 4x2 – 1. A horizontal tangent occurs when the slope (derivative) equals 0.

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**Example At what points do the horizontal tangents of**

f(x)=0.2x4 – 0.7x3 – 2x2 + 5x + 4 occur? Horizontal tangents occur when f’(x) = 0 To find when this polynomial = 0, graph it and find the roots. Substituting these x-values back into the original equation gives us the points (-1.862, ), (0.948, 6.508), (3.539, )

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**Product Rule If u and v are two differentiable functions, then**

Also written as: In other words, the derivative of a product of two functions is “1st times the derivative of the 2nd plus the 2nd times the derivative of the 1st.”

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Product Rule Example: Find the derivative of

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Quotient Rule If u and v are two differentiable functions and v ≠ 0, then Also written as: In other words, the derivative of a quotient of two functions is “low d-high minus high d-low all over low low.”

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Quotient Rule Example: Find the derivative of

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**Higher-Order Derivatives**

f’ is called the first derivative of f f(n) is called the nth derivative of f f'' is called the second derivative of f f''' is called the third derivative of f

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**Higher-Order Derivatives**

Example Find the first four derivatives of

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**Friday Classwork: Section 3.3**

(#1-9 odd, odd, 25, 27, 29, odd, 46)

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