3 A large landmass that juts out from a continent.
4 What is a monsoon and how is it helpful and harmful
5 Monsoon is a strong wind that blow across the region at certain times of the year. Winter monsoons spread dry air across the country. Summer monsoons blow moisture from the ocean and carries rain to the river valleys daily.
6 How did the citizens of Mohenjo-Daro & Harappa live?
7 They had trade that expanded as far as Mesopotamia. They lived in housing that opened onto courtyards. Their cities were carefully planned to help protect it from floods.
8 How did Aryan culture take over in the Indus Valley?
Aryans Military technology advantages such as their horse-drawn chariots. They merged with the original inhabitants and formed a new civilization Learned how to make tools and weapons out of Iron. They built farms, villages, and cities along the Ganges Valley. 9
10 Describe the social order in India.
Caste system- class system Each caste performed special duties. People would always stay in the caste of their parents. So children would do the same work as their parents. 11
12 What is Brahman?
13 One single spiritual power which lives in everything.
14 What is a social class of people known as?
15 A caste
16 What is a Representative of a Hindu god or goddess in human or animal form is known as a?
18 What is the religious and moral duties of a person during their lifetime?
20 What is Reincarnation?
21 The rebirth of the soul in another body or living creature.
22 What does Nirvana mean?
23 Lasting Peace
24 What is the purpose of meditation?
25 To focus the mind inward in order to find spiritual awareness.
26 Describe how Buddhism spread to other countries.
27 Missionaries and traders carried the Buddha’s message throughout Asia.
28 What beliefs do Hinduism and Buddhism share?
29 Both accept the idea that it is wrong to harm other living creatures. Both value nonviolence and believe in Dharma and the cycle of rebirth.
30 Explain the teaching of Buddha.
31 Buddha believed that to find spiritual understanding one should focus inward and meditate Buddhist also follow the Eightfold Path. Which are the eight practices of Buddhism. If followers followed Buddha’s path they would eventually find Nirvana and would be released from reincarnation.
32 What does convert and tolerance mean?
33 Convert: Change one’s beliefs, or from one religion to another. Tolerance: Freedom from prejudice
34 Describe the Maurya Empire
35 An India empire founded by Chandragupta, beginning with his kingdom in northeastern India and spreading to most of northern and central India.
36 Describe the results of Chandragupta’s rule.
37 Chandragupta improved his empire with new irrigation systems which brought water to farmers, more resources were produced. Government official promoted crafts and mining. Roads were built which made it easier for trade as well as a new era of order and peace.
38 What were Asoka’s contributions to India?
39 Asoka built hospitals, dug wells every mile beside the roads for travelers and animals, was concerned with his people’s moral and spiritual life, issued laws requiring that people be treaded humanely.
40 Who was Timur and what did he have to do with India
41 He was a Mongol conqueror who invaded India. He and his men invaded and destroyed the land as well as captured the capital city.
42 What is a Sultan?
43 A muslim ruler
44 What was the Delhi Sultanate?
45 The period of India’s history where a series of sultans controlled northern India.
46 What were the contributions of Akbar to India?
47 He encouraged the arts, brought together scholars from different religions, consulted with Muslims, Hindus, Buddhist, and Christians. He allowed Hindus to practice their beliefs and ended unfair taxes that had been required of non-Muslims.
48 What is the Taj Mahal
49 The Taj Mahal was a tomb built form Mumtaz Mahal wife of Shah Jahan. When his wife died Shah Jahan was overcome with grief so he set out to build a tomb “a beautiful as she was beautiful”.
50 Describe the caste system during the Hindu Revival in India. How did it affect how Hindus and Muslims got along.
The differences between Hindu society and Muslim culture caused conflict between the two groups. 51 Untouchables Craftspeople & Laborers Farmers & Merchants Warriors Priest, teachers, judges