Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1
20.3 Electric Circuits Ms. Kammerer

2
Circuit Diagrams An electric circuit is a complete path through which charge can flow. Symbols are used to represent parts of a circuit Source of electrical energy Devices that are run by the electrical energy

3
**Open Circuits Switches are places where the circuit can be opened.**

If the switch is open, the circuit is not a complete loop, current stops When the switch is closed, the circuit will resume flow Direction of current is the direction in which positive charges flow

4
**Series Circuit Charge has only one path it can flow.**

If one element stops functioning in a series circuit, none of the elements can operate. What are sources of resistance?

5
Parallel Circuits An electrical circuit with two or more paths through which charges can flow

6
**Power and Energy Power is the rate of doing work**

Electric power is the rate at which electrical energy is converted to another form of energy Unit is watt (W) Electric Power P(watts) = I (amps) x V (volts)

7
Practice Problems 1. A clothes dryer uses about 27 amps of current from a 240-volt line. How much power does it use? P = I x V = (240V)(27A) = 6500 W A camcorder has a power rating of 2.3 watts. If the output voltage from its battery is 7.2 volts, what current does it use? I = P/V = (2.3W)/(7.2V) = 0.32A A power tool uses about 12 amps of current and has a power rating of 1440 watts. What voltage does the tool require? V = P/I = (1440 W)/(12 A) = 120 V

8
Electrical Energy E = P x t

9
Electrical Safety Correct wiring, fuses, circuit breakers, insulation, and grounded plugs help make electrical energy safe to use. All wires must be able to carry max expected current “Blowing a fuse”- a wire will melt if too much current passes through it

10
**A circuit breaker is a switch that will open when current is too high**

Grounding – the transfer of excess charge through a conductor to Earth

Similar presentations

OK

20.3 Electric Circuits Key Concepts What is included in a circuit diagram? How do series and parallel circuits differ? How do you calculate electrical.

20.3 Electric Circuits Key Concepts What is included in a circuit diagram? How do series and parallel circuits differ? How do you calculate electrical.

© 2017 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

Ads by Google

Ppt on product advertising examples Ppt on the book the secret Ppt on blood stain pattern analysis crime scene Slideshare ppt on stress management Ppt on health care industry in india Play ppt on ipad 2 Ppt on hydraulic gear pump Ppt on nuclear power plant in india Ppt on switching devices with verizon Ppt on non ferrous minerals and vitamins