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Mrs. Jones’ 7th Grade Social Studies

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1 Mrs. Jones’ 7th Grade Social Studies
Government Mrs. Jones’ 7th Grade Social Studies

2 Notebook Setup Government Brain Pop Matching 22 Word Splash & Quiz 23
Why do we need it?

3 What is government … and … why do we need it?
Top of NB p. 22 What is government … and … why do we need it? What do you think?

4 What do you already know?
Bottom of NB p. 22 U.S. Government What do you already know? Word Splash!!

5 Notebook p. 23 As you watch Brain Pop’s:
3 Branches of Government, try to match each item with its description. Next, try to use color to categorize which descriptions go with each of the branches: Executive Judicial Legislative

6 Notebook p. 23 Use the matching side of the W.S. to complete the graphic organizer.

7 The U. S. Government Word Wall – NB p. 24 Government – the use of authority to administer laws; to control, direct, or regulate a society Representative Democracy – a government where the citizens elect officials to represent them. More specifically, the U.S. is a Presidential Democracy – citizens directly elect the President. 3. Executive Branch – (4 yr. term) The President, Vice President and cabinet. It’s job is to carry out laws, foreign policy, and national defense 4. Cabinet – People who are selected by the president to advise him. They must be approved by the legislative branch.

8 U. S. Government Word Wall
5. Legislative Branch – known as Congress. Their main job is to write new laws. 6. Bicameral – means that the legislative branch has two parts (bodies) – the Senate and the House of Representatives. Unicameral – means that the legislative branch has just one part (body). 7. Congress – the two houses of the Legislative Branch. A. the House of Representatives – (2 year term) is based on the population of the state B. Senate – (6 year term) has two people per state

9 Word Wall cont’d 8. Judicial Branch –Their job is to interpret the Constitution and shape laws. The Supreme Court has 9 justices who are appointed by the President. They serve for life or until they resign. 9. System of Checks and Balances - a system in which no one government branch has too much power. 10. U.S. Constitution – the document that established the three branches of government.

10 Our Three Branches of Government
Legislative Executive Judicial Who occupies each branch? How long do they serve? What are the responsibilities/jobs of each branch?

11 Our Three Branches of Government
Legislative Executive Judicial Who? How long do the members serve? What is their job? Who occupies each branch? How long do they serve? What are the responsibilities/jobs of each branch?

12 Our Three Branches of Government
Legislative Executive Judicial Who? How long do the members serve? What is their job? Who occupies each branch? How long do they serve? What are the responsibilities/jobs of each branch?

13 Our Three Branches of Government
Legislative Executive Judicial Who? How long do the members serve? What is their job? Who occupies each branch? How long do they serve? What are the responsibilities/jobs of each branch?

14 Unitary vs. Federal Governments

15 Types of *UNITARY Governments
*Unitary – Political power is held by one central authority (government). Citizens have little or no power - no voting and personal rights.

16 Monarchy – the ruler inherits the power from a royal family.
Autocracy/Dictatorship – one ruler has complete power, usually a military dictatorship. Most autocratic leaders rule until they die, are overthrown, or decide to resign from office. Example: Libya’s ruler is Muammar al Gaddafi and has been the military dictator since 1969 Oligarchy – a group has complete power; usually for corrupt and selfish purposes. Example: The Chinese Communist Party governs China. Theocracy – a group of religious leaders has complete power. Example: Iran’s government is based on Islamic law and ruled by Islamic leaders. Monarchy – the ruler inherits the power from a royal family. Example: Saudi Arabia is led by members of the royal Saud family who pass the leadership down from generation to generation.

17 Types of *FEDERAL Governments
*Federal – political power is shared - between a central and regional authority. Citizens vote and have personal rights. They elect representatives to run the government for them.

18 Two Types of Democracies
1. Presidential Democracy Parliamentary Democracy Voters directly elect the president Parliament elects a Prime Minister Executive and Legislative Branches No separate Executive branch of government are separate Examples: Kenya and United States Examples: South Africa, Israel, India, Japan

19 Autocracy/ Dictatorship
Unitary Governments – Picture It (Compare and Contrast) NB p. 26 Monarchy Autocracy/ Dictatorship Oligarchy Theocracy

20 (On back of H-Chart) Federal Governments
Parliamentary Presidential

21 Notebook Setup 30 Test – Unit 1 Government TEST ANALYSIS 31
I did really well at … I had difficulty with … Why did you succeed at …? Why was _____ difficult? My plan to do better at ____ is …

22 Today’s Directions 3. Attach SW Asia Standards Checklist to NB p. 34 4. Attach and color the “COEXIST” label on the left-hand side of NB p. 35. C = Islam O = Peace E = Male/Female X = Judaism I = Buddhism (wheel) S = Taoism (yen/yang) T = Christianity Get your Government Test back and do test corrections. On a separate sheet of paper, write the question and then write the correct answer . … COMPLETELY. … Turn in to Mrs. Jones. If you want to retake the test, you need an. agenda pass to come to Mrs. Jones on Friday morning at 8:15. (If that doesn’t work for you see Mrs. Jones.) Attach your test answer sheet to NB p. 31.


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