3Water Cycle The Water Cycle Section 3-3 Condensation Precipitation TranspirationEvaporationRunoffWhat happens to the amount of water in the cycle when water is left in a plastic water bottle ?SeepageRootUptakeGo to Section:
4Nitrogen Cycle The Nitrogen Cycle NO3- and NO2- NH3 N2 in Atmosphere Section 3-3N2 in AtmosphereAlthough about 80 percent of the air surrounding Earth is nitrogen gas, usable forms of the element are scarce in ecosystems. Only certain types of bacteria can convert nitrogen gas to ammonia (nitrogen fixation) and then other bacteria convert that to nitrate and nitrite ions for plants to use. When organisms die decomposers return the nitrogen to the soil as ammonia. During denitrification, soil bacteria can return nitrogen into the soil, in the form of ammonia.NO3-and NO2-NH3Go to Section:
5Carbon Cycle Figure 3-13 The Carbon Cycle CO2 in Atmosphere Section 3-3CO2 inAtmosphereCarbon is found in several large reservoirs in the biosphere. In the atmosphere, it is found as carbon dioxide gas; in the oceans as dissolved carbon dioxide; on land in organisms in organic compounds, rocks and soil; and underground as coal, petroleum and calcium carbonate rocks.What occurs as the amount of Carbon dioxide increases in the atmosphere? It is causing an increase in temperature (Global Warming).Looking at this cycle what would decrease the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere?CO2 in OceanGo to Section:
6Carbon SequestrationCarbon sequestration refers to the provision of long-term storage of carbon in the terrestrial biosphere, underground, or the oceans so that the buildup of carbon dioxide (the principal greenhouse gas) concentration in the atmosphere will reduce or slow.
7In other words..how can we get the carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and into other reserves where it won’t affect climate changeRecently, I heard of a millionaire offering scientists a million dollars if someone could come up with a way to reduce the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.
8ResearchSequencing Genomes of Micro-organism for Carbon Management: Sequencing the genomes of microbes that produce fuels such as methane and hydrogen or aid in carbon sequestration.This will enable the identification of the key genetic components of the organisms that regulate the production or capture carbon dioxide.Find the gene that uses carbon dioxide. Insert this gene into select organisms and put them to work using the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.