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The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France 1589-1715.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France 1589-1715."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France

3 France Weak monarchy before 17 th century Powerful nobles rule parts of France Bourbon Dynasty begins centralization of France

4 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France Henry IV becomes King of France in 1589, Beginning of Bourbon Dynasty Conflict between King and Nobility Began creating a centralized government Henry IV was assassinated in 1610

5 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France Louis XIII becomes king at the age of 9 Cardinal Richelieu runs the country Louis XIII dies in 1643

6 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France Louis XIV becomes king in 1643 Cardinal Mazarin in charge during his minority Mazarin continues policy of Richelieu The Fronde (1649 and 1652) Louis XIV takes over after Mazarin’s death in 1661

7 Louis XIV ( )

8 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France Louis XIV controls the nobility He builds up the bureaucracy French military modernized Louis XIV revokes the Edict of Nantes in 1685

9 The Edict of Nantes, issued on 13 April 1598, by Henry IV of France, granted the Calvinist Protestants of France (also known as Huguenots) substantial rights in a nation still considered essentially Catholic. In the Edict Henry aimed primarily to promote civil unity.Henry IV of FranceCalvinistProtestants FranceHuguenotsrightsCatholic The later revocation of the Edict of Nantes in October 1685 by Louis XIV, the grandson of Henry IV, drove an exodus of Protestants, and increased the hostility of Protestant nations bordering France.revocation of the Edict of NantesLouis XIV

10 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France Louis XIV brings France into wars to advance its position in Europe Wars of the Devolution ( )  France vs. Holland, England, and Sweden Invasion of the Netherlands War of the League of Augsburg ( )  France vs. League of Augsburg (England, Spain, Sweden, Holand, German states)

11 Louis XIV ( )

12 The Rise of Absolute Monarchy in France The War of the Spanish Succession The King of Spain dies in 1700 Louis XIV’s grandson to inherit Spain and its colonies England, Holland, and the Holy Roman Empire form Grand Alliance against Louis XIV War ends in stalemate in 1713 Louis XIV dies in 1715, his great-grandson, Louis XV succeeds

13 Conclusion Constitutional Monarchy develops in England after struggles between King and Parliament Absolutism established in France after long process of centralization


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