Presentation on theme: "Fatigue Assessment of ** Weld Joints Using ANSYS, Verity & FE-Safe"— Presentation transcript:
1Fatigue Assessment of ** Weld Joints Using ANSYS, Verity & FE-Safe Zhichao WangAditya Sakhalkar5/8/2007Part I: Key Points on Equivalent SS Method Part II: Example Application** Verity is a weld fatigue assessment software developed by Battelle based on Structural Stress & Fracture Mechanics theory proposed by Dr. Dong et al, Battelle
2Part I: Key Points on SS & Weld Assessments Zhichao WangSr. Lead EngineerEmerson Climate Technology Inc.BackgroundWhy The Battelle’s Structure Stress Is Not Sensitive To FE Mesh Size?How Could Multiple Joint S~N Curves Be Reduced to A Single S~N Curve, the Master S~N Curve?Example Application (Part ii, Aditya)
5Fatigue Assessment – Welded Structures (i). Nominal Stress Method (BS,IIW)The nominal stress range is used to develop the S~N curves using samples with actual weld joint geometry. The life curves refer to particular weld details, there is no need for the user to attempt to quantify the local stress concentration effect of the weld detail itself.(ii). Hotspot Stress Approach (structural stress, geometric stress, BS, IIW, CEN,DNV)This procedure uses hot-spot stress range as a parameter. The S–N curves are obtained from tests of actual welded joints based on the hot-spot stress range rather than the nominal stress range.(iii). Local Notch Stress Method (ASME, BS, IIW).The notch stress approach attempts to include all sources of stress concentration in the stress used with the design S–N curve. Thus a single S–N curve may be sufficient for a given type of material. The problem is that the local geometry of the toe or root of a weld is highly variable. It may be hard to achieve consistent results.
8Is Not Sensitive To FE Mesh? Why Structure StressIs Not Sensitive To FE Mesh?(a)(b)
9Weld Joint Categorization Master S~N CurveWeld Joint CategorizationCategorization of Weld Joints (BS 7608)Weld Joints (IIW)Most codes divide weld joints into different types
10Multiple S~N Curves Due to Weld Joint Categorization Example Design S~N curves for welded joints: (a) Steel weld joint S~N curves (BS 7608); (b) Weld joint type and S~N curves (IIW recommendations); (c) Aluminum weld joint S~N curves (IIW recommendations)(a)(b)(c)Multiple S~N curves provide flexibility for the selection of life curves and increase difficulty to select the proper one due to the variation of actual joints
11How Could multiple joint S~N curves be merged into one - Master S~N curve? Nominal Stress Method (BS)Hot Spot Stress Method (IIW)Weld Joints (IIW)Equivalent SS Method
17Mkn for 1350 V Notch Specimen a/tConclusions:Mkn approaches unity as crack size a/t approaches 0.1 i.e., a/t=0.1 (short crack correction factor) Thus a/t=0.1 can be taken as a characteristic parameter beyond which the notch effect is negligibleThe difference between edge crack and elliptical crack solutions are not significant.
20Master S~N Curve Nominal Stress Method Hot Spot Stress Method Equivalent SS MethodWeld Joints (IIW)
21SummaryThe Structural Stress Method developed at Battelle is mesh insensitive that removes the uncertainty in the calculation of structural stress for weld joint fatigue assessmentThe nature of weld joint fatigue is considered through the introduction of Equivalent Structural Stress based on fracture mechanics, which enable most fatigue curves of weld joints merged into a narrow band, the Master S~N curve. Thus one S~N curve can be used for majority of weld jointsNote: I believe that the weld joints have to be stress concentration dominant to achieve consistent results with test data.
22References . BS PD 5500: , BSI Standards, London, 2000. . European Standard for Unfired Pressure Vessels, EN 13445: 2002, BS EN 13445:2002, BSI, London, 2002. ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code, Section VIII, Rules for construction of pressure vessels, Division 2- Alternative rules, ASME, 2003.. Carl E. Jaske, FSRF for WPVP, Journal of Pressure Vessel Technology, AUGUST 2000, Vol. 122,. S.J.Maddox, Review of fatigue assessment procedures…, Int. J. of Fatigue, Vol. 25, 12, 2003,. Maddox S J: 'Fatigue aspects of pressure vessel design…, Spence J and Tooth A S, E & F N Spon, London, 1994.. Harrison J D and Maddox S J: 'A critical examination of rules for the design of pressure vessels subject to fatigue loading' in Proc. 4th Int. Conf. on 'Pressure Vessel Technology', Mech E, London, 1980.. Taylor N (Ed): 'Current practices for design against fatigue in pressure equipment', EPERC Bulletin No.6, European Commission, NL-1755ZG, Petten, The Netherlands, 2001.. Dong, P., 2005, ‘‘A Robust Structural Stress Method for Fatigue Analysis of Offshore/Marine Structures’’, Journal of Offshore Mechanics and Arctic Engineering , Vol. 127, pp. Dong, P., 2001, ‘‘A Structural Stress Definition and Numerical Implementation for Fatigue Evaluation of Welded Joints,’’ Int. J. Fatigue, 23/10, pp. 865–876.. Dong, P., Hong, J. K, Osage, D., and Prager, M., ‘‘Assessment of ASME’s FSRF Rules for Pipe and Vessel Welds Using A New Structural Stress Method,’’ Welding In the World, Vol. 47, No. 1/2, 2003, pp. 31–43. Dong, P., Hong, J. K., Osage, D., Prager, M., 2002, ‘‘Master S-N Curve Method for Fatigue Evaluation of Welded Components,’’ WRC Bulletin, No. 474, August.. Lankford, J. , Fatigue of Eng Mater and Structures 5 (1982), pp. R. Craig McClung, et al, Behavior of Small Fatigue Cracks, ASME, Vol. 19, Fatigue & Fracture, P153. Fricke W., 2001, ‘‘Recommended Hot-Spot Analysis Procedure for Structural Details of FPSO’s and Ships Based on Round-Robin FE Analysis,’’ ISOPE Proceedings, Stavanger, Norway, June.
23Sr. Applied Mechanics Engineer Emerson Climate Technology Inc. Part II: Example ApplicationAditya SakhalkarSr. Applied Mechanics EngineerEmerson Climate Technology Inc.BackgroundANSYS, Verity, Fe-Safe Weld Assessment ProcedureANSYS PreprocessingVerity AnalysisFe-Safe AnalysisANSYS ResultsComparison of Analysis Results with the Test ResultsConclusions
24Background Resistance welded suction fitting Three failures in the suction fitting weld during reliability testingCrack initiated at the weld toe (9 o’ clock) and propagated through the shell.Failure due to reverse bending fatigue.
25Verity, Fe-Safe Weld analysis ANSYS, Verity, Fe-Safe Weld Analysis ProcedureVerity, Fe-Safe Weld analysisAnsys PreprocessingAnsys Post processingMeshing per Verity requirementsLinear material propertiesApply loadSolutionVerity Analysis (Eq. Structural Stress calculations along the weld line)Fe-Safe analysis (Weld life calculations using Master S-N curve)Import .rst filePost processingVerity result validationand comparisonReliability TestingCalibrationQuantify loadingrelative to the testfor FEA
26Ansys Preprocessing- FE Model Suction FittingShellWeld LineElement Type: Solid 186Mesh RequirementsShell Elements:3D mid-surface element with no through-thickness dimensionSolid Element:Rectangular faces required along the through-thickness cut from the weld lineRegular mesh along the through thickness cut from weld lineRecommended elements: Hexahedral (brick) and Pentahedral (wedge)Tetrahedral elements can be used. Requires special handling.Linear material properties(E = 29,000 Ksi, ν = 0.29)Symmetry BCOn sidesTop & BottomfixedHex elements along weld line
28Verity ProceduresStructural Stresses calculated along the weld line at each nodeFe-Safe builds a connectivity table and maps the stresses to elemental stresses. These stresses are inserted into the stress matrix to be used for fatigue evaluation
29Fe-Safe Analysis – Weld life predictions using Master SN Curve Fully reverse loading definedFe-Safe calculates weld fatigue life based on the Battelle’s Master SN curveThe weld life (log N) data at each node is written in the ANSYS .rst format
30ANSYS Post processing – Weld Life Results Minimum life at element # 4436, node # 4212
31Comparison of Verity Predictions with Reliability Test Results Conservative life estimate!Predicted Failure Location correlated well with the test failures!!
32ConclusionsANSYS could be used for the fatigue assessment of welded joints in conjunction with Verity & Fe-SafeVerity provides conservative estimate of the weld lifeGood correlation with the predicted and test failure locationsVerity & Fe-Safe provides a excellent weld design tool in conjunction with ANSYS