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Disability: Myths, Risks, Protection & Taxes Presented by: Marissa Mayfield Tycor Benefit Administrators, Inc. November 15, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Disability: Myths, Risks, Protection & Taxes Presented by: Marissa Mayfield Tycor Benefit Administrators, Inc. November 15, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Disability: Myths, Risks, Protection & Taxes Presented by: Marissa Mayfield Tycor Benefit Administrators, Inc. November 15, 2012

2 Agenda Review common myths & misconceptions Discuss risks disabilities pose Review protection options available Discuss tax implications for disability claimants 2

3 Disability Causes Harm To you as an individual: –You rely on your own ability to earn an income to maintain your lifestyle To you as a spouse and/or parent: –Your dependents rely on you for financial and emotional support To you as a Business Owner: –Your effort directly impacts the success and viability of your business To you as an Employer: –Employees rely on your efforts for their livelihoods 3

4 WHAT IS YOUR MOST VALUABLE ASSET? 4

5 Myths

6 Top Myths & Misconceptions “Disability is not going to happen to me…” I’m healthy and careful; I don’t have anything to worry about…” If I do become disabled, it won’t last long…” I have enough savings and investments…” I am covered by worker’s compensation…” I have Social Security; that should be enough…” 6

7 Test Your Knowledge The average Long Term Disability claim lasts about a year or less. True or False? About what percentage of today’s 20 year olds do you think will suffer a disability before they retire? Men are more likely than women to become disabled for 3 months or longer. True or False? What is the leading cause of disability in the US? Most workers today have discussed how they would handle a loss of income due to disability during their financial planning? True or False? 7

8 Test Your Knowledge - Answers The average Long Term Disability claim lasts about a year or less. False, the average LTD claim lasts 32.1 months About what percentage of today’s 20 year olds do you think will suffer a disability before they retire? About 26% Men are more likely than women to become disabled for 3 months or longer. False What is the leading cause of disability in the US? Arthritis Most workers today have discussed how they would handle a loss of income due to disability during their financial planning? False; 60% have never discussed loss of income due to disability 8

9 Risks

10 What Used to Cause Death Now Causes Disability 10 Source: Principal Financial Group

11 Statistics One in eight workers will be disabled for five years or more during their working years 61% of surveyed wage earners personally know someone who has been disabled and unable to work for 3 months or longer Approximately 95% of disabilities are caused by illnesses rather than accidents 11

12 Statistics Medical problems contributed to 62% of all personal bankruptcies filed in the US in % of working Americans say they could not cover normal living expenses even for a year if their employment income was lost; 38% could not pay their bills for more than 3 months 67% of US workers in the private sector have no long-term disability insurance 12

13 Protection

14 Disability Protection Mandated Insurance Benefits –Worker’s Compensation –Social Security Disability –State Mandated STD Benefit Private Disability Insurance –Individual Insurance –Keyman Insurance –Group Insurance –Voluntary Insurance 14

15 Mandated Disability Protection Worker’s Compensation: –90% of disabilities are non-work related –State Mandated Benefit –Most employers required to purchase –Provides protection for work-related injuries & illnesses –Approximate benefit equal to 2/3 of worker’s wages to maximum benefit 15

16 Mandated Disability Protection Social Security Disability Insurance: –Employer & Employee contribute to the “benefit pool” in the form of taxes –Only severe claims expected to last 1+ years or that are terminal qualify A person must be unable to engage in “any substantial gainful work which exists in the national economy” –65% of initial claims were denied in 2009 –With large backlog, claimants often wait 2-3 years to receive benefits –In 2010, the average SSDI claim was $1,065/month; 97% of claimants received a benefit less than $2,000/month 16

17 Mandated Disability Protection State Mandated Short Term Disability Insurance: –Closest state with mandate: New Jersey –Other “Cash” states are NY, RI, HI, CA & Puerto Rico New Jersey Temporary Disability Benefit Law –Provides “cash” benefits for non-work related disabilities –Benefit caps at 2/3 of claimant’s income to $572 weekly max –To qualify claimant must have at least 20 calendar weeks in covered employment 17

18 Private Disability Insurance: Elements of a Disability Policy 1.Benefit Amount All policies cap benefits at a set % of earnings Typically 50%, 60% or 66.67% 2.Elimination Period Claimants are required to meet a waiting period before claim payments begin 3.Duration of Claim Policies limit the duration a claim will be paid 4.Definition of Disability Policies include set criteria the carrier uses to determine if a claimant is disabled 18

19 Private Disability Insurance: Elements of a Disability Policy 5.Offsets Additional income sources and benefits a claimant receives may reduce benefit received by carrier Examples: Work Comp Benefits, Sick Pay, SSDI, No Fault Motor Vehicle Payments, PERS 6.Increases to Benefit While insured: o Increases in coverage may be available as the insured’s salary increases While on Claim: o Some policies include Cost of Living Adjustments that allow benefits to increase over time 7.Partial Disabilities Payments made for partial disabilities when claimant returns to work on limited basis 19

20 Short Term Disability Insurance Defined Covers non-work related claims only Short waiting periods for benefits to begin –Ex: 0 days, 7 days, 14 days, even 30 days –Typically different waiting periods for accident and illness Waiting periods may be the same or different for these triggers When different, the waiting period for illness is longer than accident Limited claim durations –Ex: 90 days, 180 days, 1 year, 2 years Claims have a defined “start & stop” time period 20

21 Long Term Disability Insurance Defined Typically covers non-work and work related claims –Carrier will reduce their claim amount by any worker’s compensation benefit claimant receives for approved, work-related claim Long waiting periods for benefits to begin –Ex: 90 days, 180 days, 1 year –If claimant had STD & LTD benefits at disability onset, LTD waiting period is often satisfied while claimant is on STD claim 21

22 Long Term Disability Insurance Defined Longer claim durations –Ex: 2 years, 5 years, to age 65, to Social Security Normal Retirement Age Social Security Disability Insurance application –Carriers may require that claimants apply for SSDI –For approved SSDI claimants: carrier reduces their claim payment by the amount claimant receives from SSDI 22

23 Individual Disability Protection Insurance protection purchased for an individual Typically Purchased By: –Professionals (Doctors, Attorneys, etc) –Business Owners –Businesses for Key Employees –High Wage Earners –Workers with specialized protection needs –Workers with no access to disability insurance through their employment Premiums may be level or may increase throughout the life of the policy Typically purchased on a long term disability basis 23

24 Key Man Disability Insurance Insurance protection purchased by a company on its “key” employees (most commonly used with business partners) Protects business from loss due to a key employee’s inability to work after a disability Policies are short term –Elimination periods tend to be shorter (i.e days) –Benefit duration typically 6-24 months Benefit amounts determined by key employee’s contribution to company’s revenue, his/her income & estimated cost to replace employee 24

25 Disability Buy-Out Insurance Insurance protection purchased by a company on its owners Protects non-disabled owners from the cost of buying out the disabled owner Allows for buy-out compensation to disabled owner in consideration for loss of business interest 25

26 Employer-Sponsored Disability Policies Employer pays for all or most of the insurance premiums Employer designs program Advantages: –Guaranteed Issue Coverage- NO Medical Underwriting Requirements up to certain limits –Lower cost compared to Individual plans –Bolsters employee benefit program by supporting recruiting/retention –Liberal definitions of disability available –Widely available in the market 26

27 Which job would an employee rather have? 27

28 Voluntary Disability Policies Employer “sponsors” program by providing employees access to coverage Employees pay premium through payroll deductions Short Term & Long Term Protection available Premium costs often lower than purchasing individual policy Many programs include Guaranteed Issue coverage Portability/Conversion often available 28

29 Taxes Presented by Marissa Mayfield Tycor Benefit Administrators, Inc.

30 Taxability of Disability Benefits Not all disability claims subject to taxes 30 Applicable Taxes: Federal Income Tax (FIT) Social Security/Medicare Taxes (FICA) State Income Taxes Federal & State Unemployment Taxes (FUTA & SUTA) Local Income Taxes (where applicable)

31 Taxability of a Disability Benefit Disability benefits received by owners automatically tax-free: –Partnerships –Limited Liability Companies –S-Corps (2% + Ownership) –Sole Proprietors Disability benefits received by owners are taxable: –C-Corps 31 Type of Entity Matters When Company Pays Premium

32 Taxability of a Disability Benefit 32 Post-Tax Premium Non- Taxable Benefit Pre-Tax Premium Taxable Benefit All Premium Paid By Employer Or Employee: OR

33 Taxability of a Disability Benefit 33 Premium Paid By Employer And Employee: % of Premium paid Pre-Tax= % of Benefit Taxable % of Premium paid Post-Tax= % of Benefit Non-Taxable Employer Pays 50% Pre-Tax Employee Pays 50% Post-Tax 50% Benefit Taxable, 50% Benefit Non-Taxable

34 Taxability of Disability Benefits 34 If a claimant’s benefits are taxable, benefits are subject to FICA FICA must be paid for the 1 st 6 full months of a claim o Clock starts the 1 st of the month following the last day worked. If at any point an employee returns to work and then goes out again, the FICA clock starts again. Return To Work Disability Benefits o Claimants that return to work on a limited basis and continues to received reduced claim payments o If claim is subject to FICA taxes, claimant’s portion will be withheld and employer will be responsible for match

35 Taxability of a Disability Benefit Employer may “gross-up” employees’ pay to cover the cost of disability premium Employer payroll deducts premium with after-tax dollars so that disability benefit is tax free Insurance carriers often charge additional premium in an employer uses a gross-up arrangement More Common on Long Term Disability Policies 35 Gross-Up Arrangements

36 Taxability of a Disability Benefit Insurers send periodic reports to employers (Monthly, Quarterly, Annually, etc) outlining disability payments & taxes withheld Many carriers handle W-2 reporting responsibilities for STD & LTD claims FICA Match: –STD Claims- employer retains responsibility to report and pay their share of FICA. Most carriers withhold & remit claimant’s share of FICA. –LTD Claims- many carriers assume employer’s FICA match once employee on LTD claim. 36 Reporting Requirements

37 References Social Security Publication: Disability Benefits An Employer’s Guide To Disability Income Insurance clip/disabilityedu/employeesquide.pdf Council for Disability Awareness The Standard: Guide to Taxation of Employee Disability Benefits MetLife: ty_2012.pdf ty_2012.pdf nce.php 37

38 Marissa Mayfield This presentation provided a short summary of the risks of disability and protection options available to Individuals & Employers Contact Tycor for Additional Solutions & Information!


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