Presentation on theme: "What are Greg’s responsibilities? What are Cecilia’s responsibilities?"— Presentation transcript:
1What are Greg’s responsibilities? What are Cecilia’s responsibilities? Lesson 46 Bellringer Greg and Cecilia have been dating for seven months. Recently, they have become sexually active. Now, when Greg urinates it burns.What are Greg’s responsibilities?What are Cecilia’s responsibilities?How could this situation have been avoided?Within a few days of finding out I may have been infected with HIV I would ….If my test was positive for HIV I would have to ….I don’t want to become infected with HIV because …
2Lesson 46 Reducing the Risk of STDs and HIV What are two types of STDs?BacterialViral
3What are some bacterial STDs? ChlamydiaMost common in U.S.Spread by sexual contactSpread by pregnant mother to child during deliveryCan cause blindness or pneumonia in babiesWhat are the symptoms?May have no visible symptomsPainful urinationDischarge from penisPain or swelling in scrotumBurning sensation during urinationDischarge from vaginasterility
4What is PID? Pelvic Inflammatory Disease Scarring of fallopian tubes or oviductsSterility (unable to have children)Ectopic pregnancy (fertilized egg implants in Fallopian tube instead of uterus-fetus dies and the mother is also at great risk)
5Are males or females more likely to get STDs? Females are more prone to contracting an STDWhy?Micro-tears form in females during intercourse which increases the likelihood of bodily fluid exchangeIn a male there would have to be a lesion or open wound on the penis
6Name some other bacterial STDs SyphilisGonorrhea(read more about these in your book)
7What viral STDs are there? HerpesHPV (Human Papillomavirus)HepatitisHIV/ AIDS
8What is worse about viral STDs? There is no cure, which means once you get it you have it for the rest of your lifeIt may be dormant and then you can have outbreaks of it
9There are also STDS that are caused by parasites. What are they? Pubic liceTrichomoniasis
10What is leukoplakia?HIV positive people can develop oral hairy leukoplakia which is white fuzzy patches on the tongue
11How is HIV transmitted? Sexual contact Open-mouthed kissing- risk is very lowSharing needles for drugs or tattoosContact with blood or other bodily fluidBlood transfusion in another countryOrgan donation in another countryBeing born to an HIV positive mom
12What are things you can do and not have to worry about HIV transmission? (Hint: pg. 507)
13What is the only 100% effective way to avoid HIV, STD’s, teen pregnancy or other emotional complications?Abstinence
14What if you have already been sexually active? Change your behavior
15What other ways can you protect yourself? Get testedDoes your Doctor test you at an OB/GYN appointment? Does your family Doctor test you during a regular check-up?you have to ask for each specific testhave a monogamous marriagechoose a drug free lifeavoid drugschange your behavior if you have used drugs in the pastavoid sharing needlesfollow universal precautionsdon’t kiss someone with an open sore on their mouthdon’t use the same cup, towel or sheets/bed of an infected person
16Look at “just the facts” on pg. 509 Where can you get tested?Will they report the results to anyone?Who will know?Can I test at Home?Use pg. 512
17Bellringer Day 2 Why are STD’s spread so easily? Why is it difficult to obtain a test?Do you think testing at home can help stop the spread of HIV?How can we promote the importance of getting tested?
18Why is testing difficult? Some people have no idea they are infected with an STD.Many are too embarrassed or fearful to ask or get a test.It is much easier to test at home than walk into a clinic for an HIV test.Easier access to tests and counseling are available however, many people do not take advantage of the offers.
19Bellringer Day 3How would you feel if you or someone close to you had HIV?Would you be able to live a normal life?What kind of lifestyle changes do HIV patients have to make in order to enjoy life?
20HIV +Over time, treatment has increased the life expectancy of people infected with HIV and many live normal lives with modifications.They must follow a treatment programMultiple pills several times a day referred to as drug cocktailPlan their diet carefullyBe careful around people with communicable diseases because of their weakened immune system
21Where can you get more information? MTV.com - FFYR Protect Yourself