Presentation on theme: "Sh t Types. Establishing Shots Establishing shots set up a scene’s location and/ or its participants. The following shot is the very first frame of The."— Presentation transcript:
Establishing Shots Establishing shots set up a scene’s location and/ or its participants. The following shot is the very first frame of The Conversation and it’s an example of how establishing shots can often start in a title sequence.
Extreme Long Shot The extreme long-shot (sometimes called a wide-shot) has a variety of functions. In this scene from Alien it shows the vastness of the ship and makes the characters seem vulnerable. The effect is made greater by the number of claustrophobic mid-shots and close-ups that precede it.
Long-Shot A long-shot should show a whole figure or a large section of location. Long-shots often feature movement because static figures in a long-shot can seem confrontational. You’ll see lots of static figure long-shots in horror and sci-fi. The next shot is from a parody of these genres, Weird Science.
The Mid-shot is the most common shot used, especially on television. The Mid-shot will show most of a figure but will show location too so is a popular choice for the two-shot. Mid-shots are a good choice for shot – reverse – shots and scenes involving a dialogue. Take a look at the video extract from Heat.
Mid-shots can be side on as well as straight on. This mid-shot from Withnail and I suggests a real sense of unity between the two characters that could be lost if the camera was directly in front of them.
Medium close-up The medium close-up can be defined as head and shoulders. Medium close-ups are more intimate than the mid-shot as this shot from Breathless illustrates. In the video extract from Heat you can see the shot-reverse-shots go from mid- shot to medium close-up as the conversation becomes more intimate and tension builds.
Bilateral symmetry positions characters or objects equally on either side of the frame. It looks constructed and can be very dramatic. The following shot from Peter Pan shows how strong composition adds drama.
Deep Focus Deep focus involves a large depth of field where every plane is in focus. It involves careful control of light and lenses so isn’t that common in film but is becoming more common with digital technology. The following shot from Citizen Kane shows four planes all in focus.
Camera Angles A range of effects can be gained by changing angles. In the next shot from Gone with the Wind the male figure is seen as dominant over the female because of the low angle. As she is in the foreground the low angle has most effect on his position in the frame.
Sometimes the frame can be canted, on an angle. This is sometimes referred to as a Dutch Tilt. It’s very common in Film Noir and creates a sense of tension and unease. The following shot is from The Third Man, its director, Orson Welles, pretty much defined Noir visual style in films like Citizen Kane.