TO INFORM GIVES FACTUAL INFORMATION ON A SPECIFIC TOPIC THE INFORMATION SHOULD BE EASY TO FIND AND UNDERSTAND
Non fiction book (e.g. geography) Letter Catalogue Information leaflet Magazine article Topic based school project Tourist guide book Encyclopaedia entry HISTORY – reports on historical figures SCIENCE – characteristics and habitats of plants and animals GEOGRAPHY – reports on different places and geographical features e.g. rivers, mountains
The title of the report is the subject e.g. Roman Housing. The first paragraph introduces the subject of the whole report. New paragraphs are used for each fact or description, often with sub-headings. It is NOT written in chronological order. It is often written in continuous present tense (although historical reports are written in the past tense). Ends with a paragraph summarising key points.
Present tense (except historical reports) Third person Formal tone Subject-specific vocabulary Each paragraph starts with a general statement and then goes on to give more detail Describes References information sources