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Energy Management :: 2011/12 Class # 1 Course organization Sustainability and resource management Prof. Paulo Ferrão

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Presentation on theme: "Energy Management :: 2011/12 Class # 1 Course organization Sustainability and resource management Prof. Paulo Ferrão"— Presentation transcript:

1 Energy Management :: 2011/12 Class # 1 Course organization Sustainability and resource management Prof. Paulo Ferrão

2 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 2 of 53 EraSchooolMain Productivity factors Main Actors Wealth perception Perception of Environment Up to the 18th Century Fisiocrats (Quesnay, Turgot) Land, agriculture, Natural Resources FarmersCrop valueMain production factor Ano Importância relativa Environment Labor Capital Human development and resource productivity

3 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 3 of 53 Producers Consumenrs Decomposers Nutrients reservoir Energy Nutrients Natural Ecosystem

4 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 4 of 53 EraSchooolMain Productivity factors Main Actors Wealth perception Perception of Environment End of the 18th Century and middle 19th Century Adam Smith, Karl Marx Work on Manufacturing Companies and commerce Objective assets, capital Secondary production factor, supporting labor Ano Importância relativa Environment Labor Capital Human development and resource productivity

5 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 5 of 53 EraSchooolMain Productivity factors Main Actors Wealth perception Perception of Environment End of the 19th Century, 20th Century NeoclassicsLabor: manufacturing, administration, research and development Market and companies Different subjective values determined by market Value totally overcome by capital and labour Ano Importância relativa Environment Labor Capital Human development and resource productivity

6 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 6 of 53 EraSchooolMain Productivity factors Main Actors Wealth perception Perception of Environment ContemporaryMultifactorsMarkets, companies and technologies GDP Ano Importância relativa Environment Labor Capital Unemployment andoverexploitation ofenvironment are factorsthat determin the majorrelevance of theProductivitity of NaturalResources Human development and resource productivity

7 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 7 of 53 Extended product responsability Eco-efficiency Design for Environment Life Cycle Assessment LCA Product oriented Business-as-usual Compliance with regulation Pollution prevention EIA, Energy audits, Envir. audits Process oriented Historical pattern of Environmental strategies Time and Space Historical pattern of Environmental Strategies

8 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 8 of 53 MSW EEE Car Components Manufacturing Assembly Use Waste Environment Resources Life cycle thinking

9 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 9 of 53 MSW Other s EEE Product Life Cycle Space Environment Car Components Manufacturing Assembly Use ResourcesWaste Life cycle thinking

10 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 10 of 53 IndustrialEcology Industrial Ecology Creating loop closing industrial ecosystems Promoting waste exchanges Cascading energy utilization Systems Oriented Extended product responsability Eco-efficiency Design for Environment Life Cycle Assessment LCA Product oriented Business-as-usual Compliance with regulation Pollution prevention EIA, Energy audits, Envir. audits Process oriented Historical pattern of Environmental strategies Time and Space Historical pattern of Environmental Strategies

11 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 11 of 53 Others MSW EEE Car Components Manufacturing Assembly Use IncinerationLandfill Resources Recycling I.E. Tech. Shredder Product Life Cycle Space Bulk- MFA LCA SFA MFA TOOLS

12 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 12 of 53 Producers Consumenrs Decomposers Nutrients reservoir Energy Nutrients Natural Ecosystem ECONOMY METABOLISM

13 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 13 of Materials Flow Analysis Economy Air Water Air Water * Matthews et al. (2000) Stocks ImportsExports ENVIRONMENT Environmental burdens DMI TMR Domestic extraction Domestic output Foreign hidden flows Domestic hidden flows

14 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 14 of 53 Portugal in the European Context Adapted from Bringezu and Schütz, 2000, Total Material Requirement of the European Union, European Environment Agency, Technical report No 55. ( )

15 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 15 of 53 A new Kuznets Curve ? Canas, A., Ferrão, P. and Conceição, P. (2003) “A new environmental kuznets curve? Relationship between direct material input and income per capita: evidence from industrialized countries”. Ecological Economics. Volume 46, Issue 2, September 2003, Pages

16 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 16 of 53 Ecological Footprint The ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT is a resource management tool that measures how much land and water area a human population requires to produce the resources it consumes and to absorb its wastes under prevailing technology. The Ecological Footprint, human demand, and biocapacity, ecosystem supply, are both measured in units of global hectares, a hectare normalized to the average productivity of all bioproductive hectares on Earth. As of 2003, there are approximately 11.2 billion global hectares of area available. In that same year, humanity demanded products and services from the equivalent of 14.1 billion global hectares. Excel file Available in:

17 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 17 of 53 Ecological Footprint Available in:

18 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 18 of 53 Ecological Footprint Available in:

19 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 19 of 53 HOW TO DESIGN A BETTER WORLD ? ENERGY MANAGEMENT

20 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 20 of 53

21 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 21 of 53 Energy transformation Sankey Diagramm Primary energy Final energy Useful energy Productive energy PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY ENERGY EFFICIENCY CONTROL & BEHAVIOR Energy Transformation:  Dams, thermal power stations, wind mills,...  Refineries, …  Fuel transport, electricity networks, … Energy Conversion:  Internal combustion engines,...  Lamps, …  Heaters, … Supply Demand Energy Use:  Products,...  Confort, …  Transportation, …

22 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 22 of 53 Block diagram EXAMPLE D E C G A F 1 4 B

23 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 23 of 53 Energy systems analysis PROBLEM 01 – Complex system (recycling + treatment) Consider the following system, and determine the matrix of flow relations. 43 D 5 E 6 Final 7 F 8 G 9 Energy 10 H 11 Waste Treatment 14 J 13 I 12 B 2 A 1 K 15 Recycling 16 C

24 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 24 of 53 IO model - Leontief Idea developed by W. Leontief (Nobel prize in economics in 70’s) Part of National Income and Product Accounts Total Inputs = Total Outputs Transaction table beetween sectors Final demand Total Output x 11 + x 12 + x 13 + … + x 1n + y 1 = x 1 x 21 + x 22 + x 23 + … + x 2n + y 2 = x 2 x 31 + x 32 + x 33 + … + x 3n + y 3 = x 3 ……………………………………. x n1 + x n2 + x n3 + … + x nn + y 3 = x n Sales $

25 Energy Management Class # 1 :: Sustainability and resource management Slide 25 of 53 Evaluation Contribution to the final classification 2 Tests Early Nov. + 1 exam date 50% each 1 Exam100 %


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