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İ D İ L EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY LLP Grundtvig Learning Partnership project.

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Presentation on theme: "İ D İ L EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY LLP Grundtvig Learning Partnership project."— Presentation transcript:

1 İ D İ L EDUCATIONAL DIRECTORY LLP Grundtvig Learning Partnership project

2 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY A bridge between Asian and European continents square kilometres area 2672 kilometres land borders Surrounded by the Black sea, the Mediterranean and the Aegean sea About population Age groups in population Ages29 % Ages65 % Ages6 %

3 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY Capital city: Ankara Language: Turkish Political Structure: Parliamentary democracy Memberships: Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, BSEC, OIC, and many other international organizations NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation OIC : Organization of the Islamic Conference

4 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY Capital city: Ankara Language: Turkish Political Structure: Parliamentary democracy Memberships: Council of Europe, NATO, OECD, BSEC, OIC, and many other international organizations NATO: North Atlantic Treaty Organization OECD: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development BSEC: Black Sea Economic Cooperation OIC : Organization of the Islamic Conference

5 Turkey-Regional

6 Turkey-Physical

7 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT İDİL This region is geographically the smallest region of Turkey representing only 9.7% of the total area of Turkey with its square kilometers of land certainly not that small with respect to natural and historical beauties it possesses. This region of ancient cities, is adorned by attractive natural figures, constituting a real mixture of sights and past combined with originality. Thanks to GAP (Southeastern Anatolian Project) the area is having great changes positively; many farming lands and dam lakes were formed lately with this project.geographicallyTurkey naturalancient citiesGAPlakes

8 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY Sirnak Surrounded by high mountains, Sirnak is a new and small province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia, and was once a town of Hakkari province. The Habur border gate with Iraq is here on the road which is one of Turkey's main links to Middle Eastern countries.TurkeyEastern AnatoliaHakkariTurkey

9 SOME INFORMATION ABOUT TURKEY İdil Provincial Directorship of National Education is the national education directorate at province level and it is responsible towards the Ministry of Education in terms of duties and services. It undertakes education services on the basis of province and districts. It consists of branches, bureaus, permanent boards and commissions according to the characteristics of the service.

10 Turkish Education System... The New School Term in Turkey started 2012 and with the new term starts a new Education System in Turkey which has been called the system. This system extends mandatory schooling from 8 years to 12 years. The schooling years also sees the introduction of vocational classes starting at 5th year. Children and Parents can choose from a list of classes, the most controversial class being “The Quran and the Life of the Muhammad” where girls are also permitted to wear their headscarves during these classes. Other classes on offer including Maths, English and Science.

11 Turkish Education System... Education in Turkey is governed by a national system which was established in accordance with the Atatürk Reforms after the Turkish War of Independence.Turkish War of Independence Children are obliged to take 12 years of education between the ages of 6 and 18, Annually, about 1.5 million students graduate from Turkish high schools. About 95% of students attend public schools, but inadequacies of the public system increasingly motivates middle-class parents to seek private education. By 2012 there were over 167 universities in Turkey. Except for the Open Education Faculty (Turkish: Açıköğretim Fakültesi) at Anadolu University, entrance is regulated by a national examination, ÖSS, after which high school graduates are assigned to university according to their performanceTurkishAnadolu UniversityÖSS

12 Turkish Education System... We also see the change in the starting age for children attending school. Up until this term children would start school around 80 months or between 6 ½ to 7 years. The age for starting school has been lowered to 66 months.

13 Formal and Non-Formal Education The basic structure of the National Education system is outlined by the Basic Law. The educational system is divided into two main sections as Formal Education Non-Formal Education.

14 Non-formal education is organized educational activity outside formal systems Informal education is the life-long process in which people learn from everyday experience, informal covers interactions with friends, family, work colleagues, etc Formal education is linked with schools and training institutions

15 Formal Education Now that the new system of has been implemented on 12 April years-old: Primary School (ilkokul) begins. School attendance compulsory. 9 years-old: Secondary School (orta okul) begins. Students asked to make pathway choices. School attendance compulsory. Religious high school an option. 12 years-old: Tertiary School (lise) begins. Distance education, religious high school an option.

16 Pre-primary Education Pre-Primary education includes the optional education of children between month who are under the age of compulsory primary education. Pre-Primary education institutions, independent nurseries are opened as nursery classes and practical classes within formal and non-formal education institutions with suitable physical capacity. The purpose of Pre-Primary education is to ensure physical, mental and sensory development of children and the acquisition of good habits, to prepare children for primary education, to create a common atmosphere of growth for those living in inconvenient circumstances and to ensure that Turkish is spoken correct and well.

17 PRE-PRIMARY EDUCATION " Nurseries " Kindergarten " Practical classes " Nurseries within private Turkish, Foreign, Minority, International schools " Other institutions (Society for the Protection of Children, and other institutions and organizations opened as per article 191 of Law no 657

18 Primary Education The purpose of primary education is to ensure that every Turkish child acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors, and habits to become a good citizen, is raised in line with the national moral concepts and is prepared for life and for the next education level parallel to his/her interests and skills.They have a 4-year curriculum and prepare children for future higher education. Primary education is compulsory for all citizens, boys or girls, and is given free of charge in public schools.

19 Primary Education Compulsory Education :4 YEAR Age of Entry : 5,Age of Exit: 9 Structure of School System : Basic / Primary Type of School : Basic (Primary) Education School Length of program in years : 4 Diploma Awarded: Basic Education Diploma

20 Secondary Education The purpose of primary education is to ensure that every Turkish child acquires the basic knowledge, skills, behaviors, and habits to become a good citizen, is raised in line with the national moral concepts and is prepared for life and for the next education level parallel to his/her interests and skills.They have a 4-year curriculum and prepare children for future higher education. Secondary education is compulsory for all citizens, boys or girls, and is given free of charge in public schools.

21 SECONDARY EDUCATION Length of programs in years: 4 Age level from: 9 to 13 The purpose of secondary education is to give students a minimum common culture, to identify individual and social problems, to search for solutions, to raise awareness in order to contribute to the socio-economic and cultural development of the country and to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.

22 9 th GRAD E TRAININ G IN JOB FAMILY TRAINING IN CHOSEN OCCUPATIO N TRAINING IN OCCUPATIO N ??? VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ACADEMIC EDUCATION ACADEMIC EDUCATION IN GENERAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS STUDENTS’ GUIDANCE AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROCESS 9 th GRAD E

23 SBS EXAM (Level Placement Exam) When students start studying the 6th grade, they start preparing themselves for the national level placement test. At the end of 6th,7th and 8th grade, each student take this exam and at the end of 3rd year, according to the total marks of their SBS exams, students choose which high school they would like to study at. After primary education, students have a lot of different choices about the high school that they can go.

24 After the SBS exam, according to their wish and of course the total marks of their exam results, they may choose to study at; General High scools Vocational High Schools Anatolian High schools Science High schools.

25 General High Schools (High School / Lycee) 4 YEAR The purpose of secondary education is to give students a minimum common culture, to identify individual and social problems, to search for solutions, to raise awareness in order to contribute to the socio-economic and cultural development of the country and to prepare the students for higher education, for profession, for life and for business in line with their interests and skills.

26 In these schools, the system of one teacher for each class changes to a specialist teacher for each subject. Students can choose one foreign language from English, French or German. Religious Education lessons, depending on the present government’s policy, is often optional, and is actually a comparative study of religions rather than only of Islam. They have a 4-year curriculum and prepare children for future higher education.

27 SECONARY SCHOOL-4 YEAR PRIMARY SCHOOL-4 year GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 DIPLOMA HIGHER EDUCATION GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION LABORMARKET LABORMARKET CERTIFICATE ADULTS CERTIFICATE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Opportunit y of changing field Make-up Training EDUCATION SYSTEM AND TRANSITIONS

28 HIGH SCHOOLS General Secondary Education Secondary schools " Science schools " Anatolian schools " Anatolian Fine Arts schools " Anatolia teacher training schools " Foreign language school Vocational and Technical Secondary Education " Vocational schools for industry " Technical schools " Anatolia technical schools " Anatolia Vocational schools " Vocational schools for girls " Technical schools for girls

29 Anatolian High Schools These were established for the purpose of teaching students at least one foreign language, which they can utilize to further their education in the best possible manner. The educational period inclusive of secondary schooling covers 5 years with a one year preparatory course. (preparatory is up to students’ level of foreign language) Aside from foreign language lessons the normal lycee programme is implemented with science and mathematics lessons given in English

30 Science High Schools They give 4- year education on the fields of Science and Mathematics. Students who got the top points from SBS exam, can be placed in these schools.

31 Vocational High Schools The tuition period is five years including a one- year preparatory course. Students are taught a minimum of one foreign language in addition to the lessons included in the Science Lycees. The professional industrial training prepares them for higher education and their future work. The programmes in these lycees include training in computers, electricity courses, journalism, construction, mechanics, remote control methods, electronics in medicine, aircraft engines and architecture

32 In General High Schools and Anatolian High schools; In the beginning of 9th grade, students have to choose which field they would like to study at for their further education. Options are; Science and Math Social Studies Turkish and Social studies Foreign Languages *** At the end of grade 10 they may choose to change the field of education but later then it won’t be possible to change it.

33 END OF HIGH SCHOOL AND OSS EXAM (UNIVERSITY ENTRANCE EXAM) At the end of High school education, students who wish to study at universities, have to take an exam which is called as OSS. OSS exam is based on the fields that students studied during their high school period. The exam is done in one day and lasts for 3.5 hours. In order to obtain a good future, students want to study in good departments at good universities. This is why they start studying for the entrance exams as much as two years in advance, generally taking private courses as well. The students need to get at least 105 points to have a chance to study at the university.

34 University Examination System After the results, students need to make their selections and after, the YOK (High Education Council) place the students starting from the highest points got. As there are more applications than quotas in Universities not everyone could get placed. Generally speaking 1/3 of the students could continue to the university. The others, in case they can afford it continue to the private universities, start working, wait one more year.

35 University Examination System Approximately students enter the university examination per year in Turkiye. 630,000 students get a chance to enroll any faculty, four or two - year college and open university according to their points. Capacities of Universities in year. Two-Year Colleges : 200,000 students Faculties and Four-Year Colleges : 230,000 students Open University Two-Year Colleges + Four-Year Colleges(faculties) : 600,000 students

36 HIGHER EDUCATION IN TURKEY Higher education includes all educational programmes of at least two years and over. The aim of higher education is to offer education to individuals to meet the demands of the society at various higher levels and to develop scientific research for Turkiye to be a part of the developed countries, by preparing a suitable research environment.

37 PRIMARY SCHOOL GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 DIPLOMA HIGHER EDUCATION GRADE 9 (COMMON) GRADE 10 GRADE 12 GRADE 11 GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION LABORMARKET LABORMARKET CERTIFICATE ADULTS CERTIFICATE VOCATIONAL EDUCATION Opportunit y of changing field Make-up Training EDUCATION SYSTEM AND TRANSITIONS

38 HIGHER EDUCATION IN TURKEY Each university consists of faculties and four-year colleges, offering bachelor's level programmes, the latter with a vocational emphasis, and two year vocational colleges offering pre-bachelor's (engineering technicians) level programmes of a strictly vocational nature.

39 There are a total number of 120 universities excluding the private universities. Unlike the earlier educational levels, students have to pay a fee of approximately US Dollars per year at public higher education facilities. After four years of study, they may also continue to do masters for one or two years. This is also with an examination and costs a little more

40 GENERAL STRUCTURE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

41 NON-FORMAL EDUCATION Parallel to the rapid changes in society, the notion that the essential education is given in schools is also changing. In line with that notion, the Ministry of National Education is making rearrangements in the goals, programs and organizations of the school system, focusing on the development, expansion and restructuring of the non-formal learning and education system within continuing education and shifting the focus of education from formal to continuing (life-long ) education.

42 NON-FORMAL EDUCATION Non-formal education activities are provided at various formal and non-formal schools and institutions with different programs which include as follows; To teach students reading-writing skills for them to have the opportunity to complete their education. To enable to acquire habits for evaluating their spare time. To prepare them to have the suitable jobs according to the employment needs of the Turkish and Global economy

43 NON-FORMAL EDUCATION In general, non-formal education consists of General Non-formal Education and Vocational Technical Non-formal Education. The most of the non-formal educational activities take place at Public Training Centers. But There are some private Training Centers.

44 Non-formal education institutions Public training centers Apprenticeship training centers Practical schools of art for girls Maturation institutes Vocational education centers Technical training centers for adults Education and application schools Private classes Private courses Industrial practical schools of art Science and art centers Open primary education Open high schools Vocational and technical open schools

45 Formal and Non-formal Education (2006/2007) Level of EducationNumber of Schools Number of Male Students Number of Female Students Total Number of Students Pre-school education Primary education Secondary education: General: Vocational & technical: Total Total for formal education Non-formal training Universities Total general

46 The Memorandum of Understanding establishing Turkey's participation in the Socrates, Leonardo da Vinci and Youth programmes has been signed by the Commission and the Turkish authorities on 15 April 2004 and has been published in the Turkish Official Gazette on 8 May. This MoU has now entered into force. It takes effect retrospectively as from 1 April Turkey Now Fully Participated European Union Education and Training Programmes

47 I would like to thank to those who have given their precious time for hearing and watching my presentation. I will be be glad If I make you understand the Turkish Education System Regards and with my best wishes.


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