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Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong Researched by Yas Kulyk.

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1 Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong Researched by Yas Kulyk.

2 Most commonly published like this:

3 Some facts about Mao himself. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) (December – September 9, 1976) was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in Regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day. He is generally held in high regard in mainland China where he is often portrayed as a great revolutionary and strategist who eventually defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War and transformed the country into a major power through his policies. However, many of Mao's socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are blamed by critics from both within and outside China for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China, as well as a probable death toll in the tens of millions. Mao Zedong (Mao Tse-tung) (December – September 9, 1976) was a Chinese military and political leader who led the Communist Party of China (CPC) to victory against the Kuomintang (KMT) in the Chinese Civil War, and was the leader of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) from its establishment in 1949 until his death in Regarded as one of the most important figures in modern world history, and named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century, Mao remains a controversial figure to this day. He is generally held in high regard in mainland China where he is often portrayed as a great revolutionary and strategist who eventually defeated Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in the Chinese Civil War and transformed the country into a major power through his policies. However, many of Mao's socio-political programs, such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution, are blamed by critics from both within and outside China for causing severe damage to the culture, society, economy, and foreign relations of China, as well as a probable death toll in the tens of millions.

4 cont Although still officially venerated in China, his influence has been largely overshadowed by the political and economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping and other leaders since his death. Mao is also recognized as a poet and calligrapher. Although still officially venerated in China, his influence has been largely overshadowed by the political and economic reforms of Deng Xiaoping and other leaders since his death. Mao is also recognized as a poet and calligrapher. 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China 1st Chairman of the Communist Party of China In office In office 1943 – – 1974 Preceded byZhang Wentian Preceded byZhang Wentian (as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China) (as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China) Succeeded byHua Guofeng Succeeded byHua Guofeng 1st President of the People's Republic of China 1st President of the People's Republic of China In office In office September 27, 1954 – December 1958 September 27, 1954 – December 1958 Preceded byPosition Created Preceded byPosition Created Succeeded byLiu Shaoqi Succeeded byLiu Shaoqi 1st Chairman of the Central Military Commission 1st Chairman of the Central Military Commission

5 cont In office In office 1943 – – 1976 Preceded byPosition Created Preceded byPosition Created Succeeded byHua Guofeng Succeeded byHua Guofeng 1st Chairman of the CPPCC 1st Chairman of the CPPCC In office In office October 1, 1949 – 1954 October 1, 1949 – 1954 Preceded byPosition Created Preceded byPosition Created Succeeded byZhou Enlai Succeeded byZhou Enlai Born26 December 1893 Born26 December 1893 Hunan, Chinese Empire Hunan, Chinese Empire Died9 September 1976 (aged 82) Died9 September 1976 (aged 82) Beijing, People's Republic of China Beijing, People's Republic of China NationalityChinese NationalityChinese Political partyCommunist Party of China Political partyCommunist Party of China SpouseYang Kaihui (1920–1930) SpouseYang Kaihui (1920–1930) He Zizhen (1930–1937) He Zizhen (1930–1937) Jiang Qing (1939–1976) Jiang Qing (1939–1976)

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7 Little red book Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong, better known in the West as The Little Red Book, was published by the Government of the People's Republic of China from April 1964 until approximately As its title implies, it is a collection of quotations excerpted from Mao Zedong's past speeches and publications. The book's alternative title The Little Red Book was coined by the West for its pocket-sized edition, which was specifically printed and sold to facilitate easy carrying. The closest equivalent in Chinese is (hong baoshu), literally "The Red Treasured Book", which was a term popular during the Cultural Revolution. "Little Red Book" in Chinese would be (xiao hongshu). Quotations from Chairman Mao Zedong, better known in the West as The Little Red Book, was published by the Government of the People's Republic of China from April 1964 until approximately As its title implies, it is a collection of quotations excerpted from Mao Zedong's past speeches and publications. The book's alternative title The Little Red Book was coined by the West for its pocket-sized edition, which was specifically printed and sold to facilitate easy carrying. The closest equivalent in Chinese is (hong baoshu), literally "The Red Treasured Book", which was a term popular during the Cultural Revolution. "Little Red Book" in Chinese would be (xiao hongshu).

8 Author:Mao Zedong Original title: Mao zhuxi yulu' CountryPeople's Republic of China Language:Chinese Genre(s): Political theory Publisher:Government of the People's Republic of China Publication date:April 1964 Media type:Print (Hardback & Paperback) Possibly the most printed book in history, Quotations had an estimated 5 to 6.5 billion copies printed during Mao's attempt to transform Chinese society. The book's phenomenal popularity may be due to the fact that it was essentially an unofficial requirement for every Chinese citizen to own, to read, and to carry it at all times during the later half of Mao's rule, especially during the Cultural Revolution. At the height of the period, for people out of favor with the Communist party, the punishment for failing to produce the book upon demand ranged from being beaten on the spot by Red Guards to being given years of hard-labor imprisonment. During the Cultural Revolution, studying the book was not only required in schools but was also a standard practice in the workplace as well. All units, in the industrial, commercial, agricultural, civil service, and military sectors, organized group sessions for the entire workforce to study the book during working hours. Quotes from Mao were either bold-faced or highlighted in red, and almost all writing, including scientific essays, had to quote Mao.

9 Quotations. Chapters The Communist PartyThe Chinese Communist Party is the core of the Chinese revolution, and its principles are based on Marxism-Leninism. Party criticism should be carried out within the Party. 113The Communist PartyThe Chinese Communist Party is the core of the Chinese revolution, and its principles are based on Marxism-Leninism. Party criticism should be carried out within the Party. 222Classes and Class StruggleThe revolution, and the recognition of class and class struggle, are necessary for peasants and the Chinese people to overcome both domestic and foreign enemy elements. This is not a simple, clean, or quick struggle. 222Classes and Class StruggleThe revolution, and the recognition of class and class struggle, are necessary for peasants and the Chinese people to overcome both domestic and foreign enemy elements. This is not a simple, clean, or quick struggle. 328Socialism and CommunismSocialism must be developed in China, and the route toward such an end is a democratic revolution, which will enable socialist and communist consolidation over a length of time. It is also important to unite with the middle peasants, and educate them on the failings of capitalism. 328Socialism and CommunismSocialism must be developed in China, and the route toward such an end is a democratic revolution, which will enable socialist and communist consolidation over a length of time. It is also important to unite with the middle peasants, and educate them on the failings of capitalism. 416The Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the PeopleThere are at least two basic kinds of contradiction: the antagonistic contradictions which exist between communist countries and their capitalist neighbors and between the people and the enemies of the people, and the contradictions among the people themselves, people unconvinced of China's new path, which should be dealt with in a democratic and non-antagonistic fashion. 416The Correct Handling of Contradictions Among the PeopleThere are at least two basic kinds of contradiction: the antagonistic contradictions which exist between communist countries and their capitalist neighbors and between the people and the enemies of the people, and the contradictions among the people themselves, people unconvinced of China's new path, which should be dealt with in a democratic and non-antagonistic fashion.

10 War and PeaceWar is a continuation of politics, and there are at least two types: just (progressive) and unjust wars, which only serve bourgeois interests. While no one likes war, we must remain ready to wage just wars against imperialist agitations. 521War and PeaceWar is a continuation of politics, and there are at least two types: just (progressive) and unjust wars, which only serve bourgeois interests. While no one likes war, we must remain ready to wage just wars against imperialist agitations. 610Imperialism and All Reactionaries Are Paper TigersU.S. imperialism, and European and domestic reactionary forces, represent real dangers, and in this respect are like real tigers. However, because the goal of Chinese communism is just, and reactionary interests are self-centered and unjust, after struggle, they will be revealed to be much less dangerous than they were earlier perceived to be. 610Imperialism and All Reactionaries Are Paper TigersU.S. imperialism, and European and domestic reactionary forces, represent real dangers, and in this respect are like real tigers. However, because the goal of Chinese communism is just, and reactionary interests are self-centered and unjust, after struggle, they will be revealed to be much less dangerous than they were earlier perceived to be. 710Dare to Struggle and Dare to WinFighting is unpleasant, and the people of China would prefer not to do it at all. At the same time, they stand ready to wage a just struggle of self-preservation against reactionary elements, both foreign and domestic. 710Dare to Struggle and Dare to WinFighting is unpleasant, and the people of China would prefer not to do it at all. At the same time, they stand ready to wage a just struggle of self-preservation against reactionary elements, both foreign and domestic. 810People's WarChina's masses are the greatest conceivable weapon for fighting against Japanese imperialism and domestic reactionaries. Basic strategic points for war against the Kuomintang are also enumerated. 810People's WarChina's masses are the greatest conceivable weapon for fighting against Japanese imperialism and domestic reactionaries. Basic strategic points for war against the Kuomintang are also enumerated.

11 The People's ArmyThe people's army is not merely an organ for fighting; it is also an organ for the political advancement of the Party, as well as of production. 98The People's ArmyThe people's army is not merely an organ for fighting; it is also an organ for the political advancement of the Party, as well as of production. 1014Leadership of Party CommitteesInternal life of the Party is discussed. Committees are useful to avoid monopolization by others, and Party members must demonstrate honesty, openness in discussing problems, and the ability to learn and multitask. 1014Leadership of Party CommitteesInternal life of the Party is discussed. Committees are useful to avoid monopolization by others, and Party members must demonstrate honesty, openness in discussing problems, and the ability to learn and multitask. 1122The Mass LineThe mass line represents the creative and productive energies of the masses of the Chinese population, which are potentially inexhaustible. Party members should take their cue from the masses, and reinterpret policy with respect to the benefit of the masses. 1122The Mass LineThe mass line represents the creative and productive energies of the masses of the Chinese population, which are potentially inexhaustible. Party members should take their cue from the masses, and reinterpret policy with respect to the benefit of the masses. 1221Political WorkIt is necessary for intellectuals, students, soldiers and the average peasant to pay attention and involve themselves with political work. This is particularly true in wartime. 1221Political WorkIt is necessary for intellectuals, students, soldiers and the average peasant to pay attention and involve themselves with political work. This is particularly true in wartime.

12 Relations Between Officers and MenNon-antagonistic and democratic relations between officers and men make for a stronger army. 137Relations Between Officers and MenNon-antagonistic and democratic relations between officers and men make for a stronger army. 146Relations Between the Army and the PeopleAn army that is cherished and respected by the people, and vice versa, is a nearly invincible force. The army and the people must unite on the grounds of basic respect. 146Relations Between the Army and the PeopleAn army that is cherished and respected by the people, and vice versa, is a nearly invincible force. The army and the people must unite on the grounds of basic respect. 158Democracy in the Three Main FieldsDemocracy and honesty play roles in the reform of the army, as well as in the life of the Party, and of cadres. "Ultra- democracy", which is defined as an individualistic bourgeois aversion to discipline, is to be avoided. 158Democracy in the Three Main FieldsDemocracy and honesty play roles in the reform of the army, as well as in the life of the Party, and of cadres. "Ultra- democracy", which is defined as an individualistic bourgeois aversion to discipline, is to be avoided. 169Education and the Training of TroopsEducation must have a practical and political basis for the army, Party and cadres. Along democratic lines, it will also be possible for the officers to teach the soldiers, for the soldiers to teach the officers, and for the soldiers to teach each other. 169Education and the Training of TroopsEducation must have a practical and political basis for the army, Party and cadres. Along democratic lines, it will also be possible for the officers to teach the soldiers, for the soldiers to teach the officers, and for the soldiers to teach each other. 179Serving the PeopleIt is the duty of the cadres and the Party to serve the people. Without the people's interests constantly at heart, their work is useless. 179Serving the PeopleIt is the duty of the cadres and the Party to serve the people. Without the people's interests constantly at heart, their work is useless. 187Patriotism and InternationalismThe patriotism of a communist nation and an internationalist sympathy for just struggles in other countries are in no way exclusive; on the contrary, they are linked deeply, as communism spreads throughout the world. At the same time, it is important for a country to retain modesty, and shun arrogance. 187Patriotism and InternationalismThe patriotism of a communist nation and an internationalist sympathy for just struggles in other countries are in no way exclusive; on the contrary, they are linked deeply, as communism spreads throughout the world. At the same time, it is important for a country to retain modesty, and shun arrogance. 198Revolutionary HeroismThe same limitless creative energy of the masses is also visible in the army, in their fighting style and indomitable will. 198Revolutionary HeroismThe same limitless creative energy of the masses is also visible in the army, in their fighting style and indomitable will. 208Building Our Country Through Diligence and FrugalityChina's road to modernization will be built on the principles of diligence and frugality. Nor will it be legitimate to relax if, 50 years later, modernization is realized on a mass scale. 208Building Our Country Through Diligence and FrugalityChina's road to modernization will be built on the principles of diligence and frugality. Nor will it be legitimate to relax if, 50 years later, modernization is realized on a mass scale.

13 Self-Reliance and Arduous StruggleIt is necessary for China to become self-reliant in the course of the revolution, along the usual lines of class struggle. At the same time, it is a mistake for individuals to only see the good or the bad in a system, to the exclusion of all else. 2113Self-Reliance and Arduous StruggleIt is necessary for China to become self-reliant in the course of the revolution, along the usual lines of class struggle. At the same time, it is a mistake for individuals to only see the good or the bad in a system, to the exclusion of all else. 2241Methods of Thinking and Methods of WorkMarxist dialectical materialism, which connotes the constant struggle between opposites in an empirical setting, is the best method toward constant improvement. Objective analysis of problems based on empirical results is at a premium. 2241Methods of Thinking and Methods of WorkMarxist dialectical materialism, which connotes the constant struggle between opposites in an empirical setting, is the best method toward constant improvement. Objective analysis of problems based on empirical results is at a premium. 239Investigation and StudyIt is necessary to investigate both the facts and the history of a problem in order to study and understand it. 239Investigation and StudyIt is necessary to investigate both the facts and the history of a problem in order to study and understand it. 2415Correcting Mistaken IdeasArrogance, lack of achievement after a prosperous period, selfishness, shirking work, and liberalism, are all evils to be avoided in China's development. Liberalism is taken to mean that one may avoid conflict or work in order to be more comfortable for the moment, while the problem continues to grow. 2415Correcting Mistaken IdeasArrogance, lack of achievement after a prosperous period, selfishness, shirking work, and liberalism, are all evils to be avoided in China's development. Liberalism is taken to mean that one may avoid conflict or work in order to be more comfortable for the moment, while the problem continues to grow. 255UnityUnity of the masses, the Party and the whole country is essential. At the same time, criticism may take place along comradely lines, while at the same time a basic unity is felt and preserved. This is the dialectical method. 255UnityUnity of the masses, the Party and the whole country is essential. At the same time, criticism may take place along comradely lines, while at the same time a basic unity is felt and preserved. This is the dialectical method.

14 DisciplineDiscipline is seen not to be exclusive to democratic methods. Basic points of military conduct are also enumerated. 265DisciplineDiscipline is seen not to be exclusive to democratic methods. Basic points of military conduct are also enumerated. 2715Criticism and Self-CriticismCriticism is a part of the Marxist dialectical method which is central to Party improvement; as such, communists must not fear it, but engage in it openly. 2715Criticism and Self-CriticismCriticism is a part of the Marxist dialectical method which is central to Party improvement; as such, communists must not fear it, but engage in it openly. 2818CommunistsA communist must be selfless, with the interests of the masses at heart. He must also possess a largeness of mind, as well as a practical, far-sighted mindset. 2818CommunistsA communist must be selfless, with the interests of the masses at heart. He must also possess a largeness of mind, as well as a practical, far-sighted mindset. 2911CadresCadres, the instrument for uniting with and working for the people, must be leaders versed in Marxist-Leninism. They must have both guidance and the freedom to use their creative inititave in solving problems. Newer cadres and older cadres must work together with a comradely respect, learning from each other. 2911CadresCadres, the instrument for uniting with and working for the people, must be leaders versed in Marxist-Leninism. They must have both guidance and the freedom to use their creative inititave in solving problems. Newer cadres and older cadres must work together with a comradely respect, learning from each other. 307YouthThe Chinese Youth represent an active, vital force in China, to be drawn upon. At the same time, it is necessary to educate them, and for the Youth League to give special attention to their problems and interests. 307YouthThe Chinese Youth represent an active, vital force in China, to be drawn upon. At the same time, it is necessary to educate them, and for the Youth League to give special attention to their problems and interests.

15 WomenWomen represent a great productive force in China, and equality among the sexes is one of the goals of communism. The multiple burdens which women must shoulder are to be eased. 317WomenWomen represent a great productive force in China, and equality among the sexes is one of the goals of communism. The multiple burdens which women must shoulder are to be eased. 328Culture and ArtLiterature and art are discussed with respect to communism, in an orthodox fashion. 328Culture and ArtLiterature and art are discussed with respect to communism, in an orthodox fashion. 3316StudyIt is the responsibility of all to cultivate themselves, and study Marxism-Leninism deeply. It is also necessary for people to turn their attention to contemporary problems, along empirical lines. 3316StudyIt is the responsibility of all to cultivate themselves, and study Marxism-Leninism deeply. It is also necessary for people to turn their attention to contemporary problems, along empirical lines.

16 Conclusion Communistic regime of China once again proved that it is impossible in modern society to create a true Marxist communistic order. As well as Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin before, and Fidel Castro after him, Mao Zedong violated some of the most important rules of communist building, established by Marx. The only thing that China got out of the years of Mao’s rule: ruins, lots of victims and years of dictatorship. Even now, being the largest exporter of production on world market, chinese system remains far more totalitarian that in Russia or Cuba. The only match for it can be the Soviet Union. Though China did not even give proper education and oppressed all intellectuals. Communistic regime of China once again proved that it is impossible in modern society to create a true Marxist communistic order. As well as Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin before, and Fidel Castro after him, Mao Zedong violated some of the most important rules of communist building, established by Marx. The only thing that China got out of the years of Mao’s rule: ruins, lots of victims and years of dictatorship. Even now, being the largest exporter of production on world market, chinese system remains far more totalitarian that in Russia or Cuba. The only match for it can be the Soviet Union. Though China did not even give proper education and oppressed all intellectuals. All of us must know this and build better world, writing other “little books” contest of which would be applied more properly to the circumstances of our time. All of us must know this and build better world, writing other “little books” contest of which would be applied more properly to the circumstances of our time.


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