Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: The Themes! Sovereignty, Authority, & Power"— Presentation transcript:
1Unit 1: The Themes! Sovereignty, Authority, & Power Political InstitutionsCitizens, Society and the StatePolitical & Economic ChangePublic Policy
2Theme 1: Sovereignty, Authority, & Power Nation StateA group of people claiming a A group of people org-common identity + the right anized under a govern-to be a state. May share ment. They must sharethe following (to varying degrees):Culture GovernmentTerritory BudgetLanguage BordersEthnicity CurrencyReligion Police Force/Military
3Examples of each… Nation: The Kurds Palestine Kosovo (until this year) ChechnyaCherokeeScotland ?State:United KingdomRussian FederationPRCUnited Mexican StatesFederal Rep. of NigeriaIslamic Rep. of Iran
4Regimes & Institutions Regime: A country’s institutions, rules, and practices that carry over across time, even though leaders and issues change. (the system of government in a country)Institutions: Stable, long-lasting organizations that help to turn political ideas into policy.Examples: bureaucracies, legislatures, judicial systems, political parties, military
6Democracy Authority is based on the will of the people Directpeople have immediate say over governmental decisionsRepresentativepeople choose representatives to make political decisions for them
7Legitimacy (the right to rule, as determined by their own citizens) Traditional: tradition should determine who rules and how (Ex: monarchies, G.Britain)Charismatic: dynamic personality of an individual leader or small group. Often doesn’t go past its founder. (Ex: Revolutionaries)Rational-legal: based on a system of well- established and institutionalized laws and procedures. Based on the acceptance of rule of law. (Ex: U.S.)
8Theme 2: Political Institutions! Unitary/Federal/ConfederateSupranational Organizations (UN, EU, NAFTA)Globalization/FragmentationExecutives (Head of State/Head of Government)BureaucraciesLegislatures (unicameral vs. bicameral)Judiciaries (judicial review)Linkage Institutions (parties, interest groups, media)Electoral Systems (proportional, first-past-the-post)Political Elite & Recruitment (leader succession)
9Theme 3: Citizens, Society and the State! Society cleavages: ethnic, religious, linguistic, regional, class, political, etc..Civil Society: organizations outside of the state that help people define and advance their own interests.
10Theme 4: Political & Economic Change! Reform: does not advocate overthrow of basic institutions.Revolution: major revision or overthrow of existing institutions.Coup d’etat: “blows to the state”. Replacement of leaders by force.
113 Trends in Change… Democratization Movement towards Market Economies Revival of Ethnic or Cultural Politics
12Democratization Liberal Democracies: Civil liberties (such as freedom of speech, belief, assembly….)Rule of Law (equal treatment of citizens)Neutrality of the judiciaryOpen Civil SocietyCivilian control of the military
13Theme 5: Public Policy! Economic Performance Social Welfare Civil liberties, rights, & freedoms (Freedom House)EnvironmentCorruption (Transparency Int’l)Disease/HIV/AIDSNationalization/Privatization