Presentation on theme: "Unit 1: The Themes! Sovereignty, Authority, & Power"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 1: The Themes! Sovereignty, Authority, & Power Political InstitutionsCitizens, Society and the StatePolitical & Economic ChangePublic Policy
2 Theme 1: Sovereignty, Authority, & Power Nation StateA group of people claiming a A group of people org-common identity + the right anized under a govern-to be a state. May share ment. They must sharethe following (to varying degrees):Culture GovernmentTerritory BudgetLanguage BordersEthnicity CurrencyReligion Police Force/Military
3 Examples of each… Nation: The Kurds Palestine Kosovo (until this year) ChechnyaCherokeeScotland ?State:United KingdomRussian FederationPRCUnited Mexican StatesFederal Rep. of NigeriaIslamic Rep. of Iran
4 Regimes & Institutions Regime: A country’s institutions, rules, and practices that carry over across time, even though leaders and issues change. (the system of government in a country)Institutions: Stable, long-lasting organizations that help to turn political ideas into policy.Examples: bureaucracies, legislatures, judicial systems, political parties, military
6 Democracy Authority is based on the will of the people Directpeople have immediate say over governmental decisionsRepresentativepeople choose representatives to make political decisions for them
7 Legitimacy (the right to rule, as determined by their own citizens) Traditional: tradition should determine who rules and how (Ex: monarchies, G.Britain)Charismatic: dynamic personality of an individual leader or small group. Often doesn’t go past its founder. (Ex: Revolutionaries)Rational-legal: based on a system of well- established and institutionalized laws and procedures. Based on the acceptance of rule of law. (Ex: U.S.)
8 Theme 2: Political Institutions! Unitary/Federal/ConfederateSupranational Organizations (UN, EU, NAFTA)Globalization/FragmentationExecutives (Head of State/Head of Government)BureaucraciesLegislatures (unicameral vs. bicameral)Judiciaries (judicial review)Linkage Institutions (parties, interest groups, media)Electoral Systems (proportional, first-past-the-post)Political Elite & Recruitment (leader succession)
9 Theme 3: Citizens, Society and the State! Society cleavages: ethnic, religious, linguistic, regional, class, political, etc..Civil Society: organizations outside of the state that help people define and advance their own interests.
10 Theme 4: Political & Economic Change! Reform: does not advocate overthrow of basic institutions.Revolution: major revision or overthrow of existing institutions.Coup d’etat: “blows to the state”. Replacement of leaders by force.
11 3 Trends in Change… Democratization Movement towards Market Economies Revival of Ethnic or Cultural Politics
12 Democratization Liberal Democracies: Civil liberties (such as freedom of speech, belief, assembly….)Rule of Law (equal treatment of citizens)Neutrality of the judiciaryOpen Civil SocietyCivilian control of the military
13 Theme 5: Public Policy! Economic Performance Social Welfare Civil liberties, rights, & freedoms (Freedom House)EnvironmentCorruption (Transparency Int’l)Disease/HIV/AIDSNationalization/Privatization