3Physical Activity and Your Health Physical activity benefits all aspects of your health.Teens should try for at least 60 minutes of physical activity every day.
4Physical Activity and Your Health Physical activity includes all kinds of activities that you do every day.Physical activityany form of movement that causes your body to use energy
5Being active on a regular basis improves your physical fitness. Physical BenefitsBeing active on a regular basis improves your physical fitness.Physical fitnessThe ability to carry out daily tasks easily and have enough reserve energy to respond to unexpected demands
6Physical BenefitsAll kinds of physical activity—not just exercise—will improve your health.ExercisePurposeful physical activity that is planned, structured, and repetitive, and that improves or maintains physical fitness
7Physical Benefits Strengthens your muscles and bones Boosts your energy levelImproves your postureHelps you maintain a healthy weightReduces your risk of many serious diseases
9Mental and Emotional Benefits Mood EnhancementStress ReliefMental and Emotional BenefitsImproved Self-EsteemBetter Sleep
10Social Benefits Spend time with friends Make new friends Develop skills to improve your relationshipsIncrease self-esteemGive you confidenceManage stress
11Social BenefitsTaking part in sports can teach teamwork and sportsmanship.
12Risks of Being Inactive An inactive lifestyle puts you at risk for a variety of health problems.Examples of sedentary activities include watching TV, surfing the Internet, and playing video games.
13Risks of Being Inactive Being sedentary all the time puts you at risk for a variety of health problems.SedentaryInvolving little physical activity
14Risks of Being Inactive Health Problems that May Result from Being SedentaryUnhealthful weight gain and obesityCardiovascular diseaseType 2 diabetesCertain types of cancerAsthma and other breathing problemsOsteoporosisOsteoarthritisPsychological problemsPremature death
15Making Time for Physical Activity There are several ways to fit physical activity into your daily life.Engaging in 10 minutes of physical activity six times a day provides the same benefits as an hour-long workout.
16Making Time for Physical Activity Instead of this...Try This…Taking the stairsTaking the elevatorShoveling snowUsing a snowblowerWalking, skating, or riding your bikeGetting a ride to a friend’s houseCarrying your groceries to the carUsing a shopping cartWashing the car by handTaking the car through a car washPlaying basketball, soccer, or tennisPlaying video or computer games
17Making Time for Physical Activity By turning off the TV and getting out of the house for a little exercise, you can reduce your risk of health problems.
18After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary What is the difference between physical activity and exercise?Exercise is a purposeful kind of physical activity that is planned and physical activity is any form of movement that causes the body to use energy.
19After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Name three body systems that benefit from regular physical activity.Cardiovascular system, respiratory system, musculoskeletal system
20After You Read Reviewing Facts and Vocabulary Identify two types of disease associated with a sedentary lifestyle.Sample answer: cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes