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Speaking Personally Using Tasks in the Language Classroom Rob Dean.

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Presentation on theme: "Speaking Personally Using Tasks in the Language Classroom Rob Dean."— Presentation transcript:

1 Speaking Personally Using Tasks in the Language Classroom Rob Dean

2 Talk to your partner... …and describe what is in the room using lots of prepositions of place …and describe one of your friends. Make sure you use at least five adjectives of personality …about something interesting or amusing that has happened to you in your work as a teacher

3 Overview 1.What is a task? 2.Tasks vs. Spoken Practice 3.Elements of successful communication 4.Structuring a task-based speaking lesson before during after 5.Troubleshooting

4 What is a task? “In TBL, tasks are always activities where the target language is used by the learner for a communicative purpose (goal) in order to achieve an outcome in which the emphasis is on exchanging meanings not producing specific language forms.” (Willis 1996:23).

5 Spoken Practice Tasks Controlled Practice of Specific Grammar / Structures / Lexis ‘Everyday Life’ Communication

6 Why do we Communicate in Everyday Life? For entertainment To give and find out information To share opinions To solve problems For survival For social / emotional reasons

7 Talk to your partner... …and describe what is in the room using lots of prepositions of place …and describe one of your friends. Make sure you use at least five adjectives of personality …about something interesting or amusing that has happened to you in your work as a teacher

8 What do we Need to Communicate Effectively? Linguistic competence Grammar, lexis, phonology Communicative Competence Interactional Skills Paralinguistics Interest in / knowledge of topic A Goal / Reason for speaking Preparation time

9 Decide together on a short tour for a foreign visitor (like Rob, for example) in EITHER your area of Serbia OR a another place you like. Justify your choice of places to include. For entertainment To give and find out information To share opinions To solve problems For survival For social / emotional reasons A task based approach to speaking and listening

10 What else will our learners need to succeed? A model of the task (listening)

11 Welcome to Wrocław!

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15 Interactive / communicative Speed of delivery can be tailored to the group’s needs. Comprehension can be checked during the activity Paralinguistic features present Less stressful than using recordings Good for mixed levels Live Listening: What’s good about it?

16 Wroclaw is famous The fountain was built to You should definitely Jatki, with its animal statues, is You really must visit To get there by tram takes The Japanese garden For those into skiing, At the end of the day, you can celebrate the millennium the Renoma shopping mall is simply stunning relax with a cold beer at Spiz there are some great slopes nearby. well worth seeing for its old town square stop at Jatki about 20 minutes

17 Wroclaw is famous The fountain was built to You should definitely Jatki, with its animal statues, is You really must visit To get there by tram takes The Japanese garden For those into skiing, At the end of the day, you can for its old town square celebrate the millennium stop at Jatki well worth seeing the Renoma shopping mall about 20 minutes is simply stunning there are some great slopes nearby. relax with a cold beer at Spiz

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19 ________ is famous The ________ was built You should definitely ________________________ is You really must visit To get there by _____/ on foot takes ______________ For those into ________ At the end of the day, you can for its _________ _________________ stop at ________ well worth seeing _______________________ about ____________ is simply stunning there is / are _____________. __________________.

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21 Why Use tasks in Class? Builds confidence / sense of achievement Preparation for the world beyond the ELT classroom Lack of opportunities outside the ELT classroom Caters for different learner styles Personalisation of topic and of language Diagnostic tool

22 Language Feedback: Things students say... She likes talking to the phone The worm is coming I spent Christmas in the Turkey In the summer I tripped on the mountains I like my coffee cremated I’m reading Harry Potter. I like read nowhere. My sister is having three cats. Scottish people speak English with a funny accident

23 Language Feedback – Planning a Tour Well done!!! The city is mindblowing. To see it all, it would take a few days. Maybe you’ve heard of Nis ???? You should to go there in summer There is fine place If you will go to the top of the hill, you will see a great view There is much snow in winter.

24 Communicative Activities: …some possible issues

25 Some issues Students have no interest in the topic Some students dominate; others are quiet Students speak in their own language Students work at different rates – some finish very quickly

26 Find out what your students are i__________ in - and don’t make the topic area too n______. Students have no Interest in the Topic nterested arrow

27 G_____ students carefully. Try putting all the quiet students in o___ group. Some Students Dominate; others are quiet roup ne

28 Provide a clear r_______ for group speaking activities. Ensure the students have the l_______ to complete the task. Preparation is everything! Don ’ t expect m______! Students speak in their own language anguage ationale iracles

29 Set a t____ l____ to give a clear idea of how long the task should take. Have a_________ activities ready for early finishers Some finish more quickly than others imeimit dditional

30 COMMUNICATION in ACTION!

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32 Thank You


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