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Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong 1 Environmental politics and communication Media, Politics and the Environment (CCGL 9012)

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Presentation on theme: "Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong 1 Environmental politics and communication Media, Politics and the Environment (CCGL 9012)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong 1 Environmental politics and communication Media, Politics and the Environment (CCGL 9012) March 30, 2011

2 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong 2 Political system types: Democractic states: Liberal democracy (Western Europe) Majoritarian democracy (Eastern Europe) Presidential vs. prime ministerial systems (US vs. UK) Authoritarian systems: Electoral autocracy (Russia, Singapore) One-party regimes (China)

3 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Fields and key factors in policy making State apparatus as a field of action Traditional and new media field of communication Consumer behavior and public opinion as key changing factors International regulation regimes

4 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong 4 Multiple stakeholders Government as an actor: environmental legislation, regulation, implementation Political parties (national and local levels) Businesses, corporations, industries (all different interests: e.g., nuclear, carbon, renewable energy) NGOs and citizens International institutions

5 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Democratic states: Party financing by unsustainable businesses Campaign financing (parties and candidates) Lobbying of lawmakers Corruption at national and local level Political expectations (e.g., cheap gas) Consumer and cultural habits Commercial media (advertising of unsustainable consumption) 5 Structural problem areas of environmental politics

6 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Forces of renewal in democratic states Free media, unrestrained agenda setting Changing public opinion and consumer habits Green parties and greening of parties Implementation of environmental legislation Rule of law (trust in and performance of courts) 6

7 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Structural problem areas of environmental politics Authoritarian states: Lack of freedom of speech, censorship of media Lack of democratic public opinion making Lack of rule of law and implementation of environmental regulation Use of force (even violence) against independent voices Weak civil society (NGOs) Corruption at national and local level Political expectations (e.g., cheap gas) Consumer and cultural habits: regime legitimization by economic growth 7

8 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Forces of renewal Online media, avoiding state censorship Changing public opinion and consumer habits NGOS: support of international NGOs and civil society Support of international medial Environmental authoritarianism Progressive environmental policy-making Implementation of environmental legislation Rule of law (especially in the environmental area) 8

9 Journalism and Media Studies Centre, The University of Hong Kong Case study: Ruby Yang documentary about environmental pollution and conflict in China – the Warriors of Qiugang 9


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