Presentation on theme: "Urban Design in Housing Policies: applied to Caracas, Venezuela."— Presentation transcript:
1 Urban Design in Housing Policies: applied to Caracas, Venezuela. Ene –Mar Muriel RamírezUrban Design in Housing Policies:A Guideline to create better and more sustainable neighborhoodsapplied to Caracas, Venezuela.
2 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES Ene –Mar Muriel RamírezINDEXObjectives of the investigationImportance of Urban Design and Housing Policies into Urban PlanningNew Urbanism and Smart Growth: Urban Design with sustainable guidelinesHousing Policies and its relation to urban designConclusions: Which guidelines can we apply into the Caracas Study Case?SourcesOBJECTIVES OF THE INVESTIGATION:State the relevance of Urban Design into a well-planned housing policyRelate and organize the guidelines of urban design and sustainability for a better use into housing policies, applied into the Caracas Study case.
3 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES Importance of Urban Design and Housing Policies into Urban PlanningURBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIESEne –Mar Muriel RamírezHousing is one of the principal problems within the city; and the housing policies are always at the top of the urban agenda. On the other hand, Urban Design is a tool which tries to direct the growth of the city with an organized spatial pattern.Which are the consequences of non-planned or non-designed housing policies? We see it every day in our city: Caracas. Transportation problems, social problems (violence and intolerance), recreation problems and high life costs are all related with badly designed neighborhoods, taking us back to our principal problem: housing polices and urban design.
4 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES New Urbanism and Smart Growth: Urban Design with sustainable guidelinesURBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIESEne –Mar Muriel RamírezFor the two main groups that have been establishing the guidelines for a sustainable city, neighborhood intervention (housing policies) is the principal key.These guidelines are closely related to Urban Design, understanding that spatial intervention has a direct consequence in the way people feel about its own neighborhood.Principle 2: Connectivity (Facilitate the communication through the main centers of the city reduces the travelling time, having a direct consequence in the environment)
5 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES New Urbanism and Smart Growth: Urban Design with sustainable guidelinesURBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIESEne –Mar Muriel RamírezPrinciple 3: Walkability (Recover the city and its neighborhoods from the hands of the car strength the community sense and help with the health of people)Principle 4: Mixed Uses (Neighborhoods with different land uses are always active and varied, reduce the walking distances and creates differentiated zones)Principle 7: Community-Oriented Design (Urban design must take into account that the city is for the people and the communities that develops inside it)
6 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES Ene –Mar Muriel RamírezHousing Policies and its relation to urban designHow urban design and housing policies are related?The first seeks the integration and development of a delimited zone with high quality of life standards and the latter seeks the creation of new urban houses, but this one should not be made isolated from the context were it will be applied needing , therefore, a good urban design.Why Urban Design is important in Housing Policies?Following, some pictures and an explanation of what NOT TO DO when housing plans are designed:
7 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES Housing Policies and its relation to urban designURBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIESEne –Mar Muriel Ramírez1. Forget the urban connections: A new neighborhood must be connected with the rest of the city.2. Modify and not to take advantage of the landscape or environmental value: a good designed neighborhood take cares of the environment and can use it as a touristic attractor.3. Create a uniform and boring spatial pattern: social diversity reflects in neighborhoods with spatial diversity, architectural style and differentiated zones.4. Produce isolated ghettos with no economical base, recreational places or basic urban equipments: A new neighborhood must have its own life, with schools, church, shops, parks…
8 Community oriented design Conclusions: Which guidelines can we apply into the Caracas Study Case?URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIESEne –Mar Muriel RamírezIn first instance we need to understand that a housing policy that does not take into account a good urban design would not be efficient or successful, in political and economical matters.Second, we have to envisage the city as a dynamic being which needs continuous interventions and plans that must evolve separate from the governors’ periods; this can be achieved if the policy is community-oriented and is sensed by the citizens as their own. With these two principles we can create a housing policy with urban design guidelines. In the Caracas study case, the guidelines can be organized as follows:Community oriented designConnectivityMixed land-useWalkability
9 URBAN DESIGN IN HOUSING POLICIES Ene –Mar Muriel RamírezSources:City of Ottawa (2005). “Urban Design Guidelines for Low-Medium Density, Infill Housing” [file in PDF format]. Ottawa, USAMinistry of Environment (2007) “Urban Design Case study: Addison Housing Development” [file in PDF format]. New ZealandPegasus Urban Design (2007) “Planning Policy Statement 3: Housing implications in urban design” [file in PDF format]. Private Partnership, UKAbu Hoke (2001). “Urban Design intervention for intensive housing” [file in PDF format]. New ZealandHuntighdonshire District Council (2008). “Urban Design Framework: Land around Buttsgrove Way, the Whaddons and Suffolk House, Huntingdon”. [File in PDF format]. Private Partnership, UK.Smart Growth Toolkit (2008). “Traditional Neighborhood Development (TND)” [File in .ppt format]. Smart Growth, USA.