Presentation on theme: "Using Universal Design to Enhance Preschool Learning Experiences"— Presentation transcript:
1 Using Universal Design to Enhance Preschool Learning Experiences Su Theriault, Early Childhood Specialist
2 Universal DesignUniversal Design is the design of products and environments to be usable by all people, to the greatest extent possible, without the need for adaptation or specialized design –Ron Mace
3 What is Universal Design? Universal Design considers the needs of thebroadest possible range of users.
4 More UD in Daily Life Closed captioning Curb cuts Unisex bathrooms
5 What is Universal Design for Learning? Universal design for learning is an approach thatstrives to meet the needs of the broadest rangeof students.EnvironmentsCurriculumInstructionAssessmentFamily Involvement
6 Accommodations Support one student Require extra planning time Highlight differences
7 Emphasizes meeting many students’ needs Provides learning alternatives Universal DesignEmphasizes meeting many students’ needsProvides learning alternativesEnhances access to curriculumRemoves learning barriersProvides flexibility
8 Either Accommodations or UD Both Accommodations and UD+
9 ImplementationTo best serve individual children and families, teachers must cast a wide net to ensure that ALL children and families have access to the classroom environment, curriculum, instruction, assessment, and culturally relevant activities to ensure family involvement.As a result all children will be able to participate regardless of differences, including learning style, language, or ability.
10 Universal DesignEmphasizes meeting individual needs of a broad range of studentsProvides alternative ways students can engage in the learning processEnhances access to the curriculum and instruction for all studentsRemoves physical barriers to successful learningProvides flexibility without watering down the curriculum
11 Activity Who is in your classroom? Column 1: List all of your students.Column 2: List something you have observed about each student’s interests, development or learning style.Column 3: Indicate how your planning considers the elements in Column 2.
12 Key Elements of Universal Design for Early childhood EnvironmentCurriculum and InstructionAssessmentFamily Involvement
13 EnvironmentDesign environments that enable all children to fully participate in all activitiesCreate a classroom climate that is welcoming, safe, caring, and nurturing.Respect all learners and value diversity of all kinds.Use physical space to enhance student participation and engagement.
14 Teach Intentionally structure curriculum content and instructional strategiesidentify and engage all learning stylesoffer information and learning activities inmultiple waysprovide resources, tools or technologyindividualize responses
15 Effective Instructional Strategies Present content in more than one wayAllow varied methods of representationIncorporate student interestsValue exploration and discoveryOffer multiple access to achieve same goalKeep in mind multiple goals and objectivesProvide adjustable levels of challenge.Allow time to fully explore/practice.
16 Differences in Intelligence Linguistic/verbalLogical and mathematicalKinesthetic & bodilySpatial/visualMusical/rhythmicInterpersonalIntrapersonalNaturalisticMultiple Intelligences - Howard Gardner
17 Effective Instructional Strategies Choose books, materials,activities sensitive to diversity.Face children; speak clearly.Avoid indefinite pronouns.Use visual prompts, concreteobjects.Use/create books with audiocounterparts.Over in the MeadowAs the Crow Flies
18 ApplicationHow could you provide multiple methods of instruction at circle time? Dramatic play? Learning centers?Think back to the peg board. What are multiple goals and objectives that could be reached?How can you adjust the level of challenge in an activity?
19 Teach intentionally, reflect constantly. - David Dickenson Did all the children have the necessaryskills/knowledge for this activity?Were all the children engaged?Who was not?Why?What did you observe about:the group?individual children?What needs to happen next?How will we accomplish it?
20 AssessmentInformation about individuals and groups of children can inform decision making about:classroom environmentcurriculuminstructionassessment
21 Offer multiple ways for children to demonstrate what they know and are able to do, over time. PortfoliosAnecdotal/runningrecordsTime samplingPhotographsMultiple ways torepresent
22 Best Practices in Assessment Systematically assess children’s learning and development over time.Monitor progress in content, skills, strategies and supports.Use both formal and informal assessment/observation.
23 UD Strategies for Assessment Do not limit observation and assessment to one timeDocument assessment with examples of a wide variety of student work and modalitiesProvide flexibility in the way students demonstrate their knowledge
24 What would you like family engagement to look like for the children and families in your classroom?
25 Family Involvement is… engaging families as partners in children’s educational experiences in a variety of ways.Flexible schedulingCultural relevanceLinguistic supportFamily supportsVariety of ways to share information about the child and classroom
26 Ways to Engage Families Stress the importance of their role in their child’s education.Provide transition information and resources.Ask about their goals for their child.Use parents as resources to enhance/expand curriculum.Empower parents to advocate for their children.
27 Use technology: Internet Digital photos Record stories Family InvolvementUse technology:InternetDigital photosRecord stories
28 Reflection Were you able to list all your students? Were you able to note something about each student?How did you use information about individual children to guide your planning?Did you make any changes in the environment, adapt instructional learning or change your method for documenting what a child knows or is able to do?Did you communicate any differently with a child’s family based on your observations?The children you did not observe or were unable to recall would be the starting point for your next observations.
29 Universal Design Resources Planning the Environment The Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)The Center for Universal DesignThe Universal Curriculum Design WebsitePlanning the EnvironmentEnvironments (classroom labels and signs)Lakeshore classroom plan
30 Next Steps Curriculum and instruction? Assessment? Family involvement? What did you learn about UniversalDesign that you will incorporate intoyour:Curriculum and instruction?Assessment?Family involvement?Classroom environment?How will you implement these strategies?What will coaches see as you implement these?Write down your answers to these questions on a notecard.
31 All children can learn!“All students can learn and succeed, but not all on the same day in the same way.”- William G. Spady
32 Wrap Up What did you learn about Universal Design? How is your view of your classroom altered?How will you use the list of students and what you know about them to inform planning?What will you do differently as a result?