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Virtual Prototyping with Carbon Design Tools Aalap Tripathy, Rabi Mahapatra Embedded Systems Codesign Lab

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Presentation on theme: "Virtual Prototyping with Carbon Design Tools Aalap Tripathy, Rabi Mahapatra Embedded Systems Codesign Lab"— Presentation transcript:

1 Virtual Prototyping with Carbon Design Tools Aalap Tripathy, Rabi Mahapatra Embedded Systems Codesign Lab

2 2 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

3 3 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

4 SoC’s today Single chip DVR- 4 channel MPEG 4 DVR SoC

5 SoC’s today b radio, MAC, baseband processor, pn-chip flash, ARM Applications Processor

6 SoC’s today Tablet/Smart TV/Thin Client SoC – ARM Applications Processor, Video Interface, CMOS Sensor Input, USB, Audio Interface (I2S, S/PDIF), SPI, I2C, UART, GPIOs

7 SoC’s today Smartphone/Tablet SoC – ARM Mali 400 (single core) graphics card, Video Processing Unit, Audio Interface, Webcam Interface, Video Interface etc.

8 SoC’s today Server SoC – ARM Quad Core

9 9 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

10 SoC design paradigm System Realization –System requirements defined in h/w and s/w SoC Realization –Architecture for semiconductor defined –IP blocks chosen –Design matured Silicon Realization –Design implemented in Silicon Concerns for SoC Architect –How to validate SoC design? –How to reduce risk? – Reuse IP –How to convey design intent to software development team? – Design is still in flux. –How to convey design impact to end-customer? – Black-box parts of design –How to quickly detect system corner cases?

11 SoC design paradigm

12 12 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

13 SoC design issues CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART IP Selection Which vendor? Which IP? Will they all play together? Without Cycle Accurate Modeling Forced to believe IP marketing SoC may not meet spec Can’t benchmark till purchase

14 SoC design issues CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART Without Cycle Accurate Modeling No validation between layout and performance Inefficient power consumption Missed performance spec Waste power with overdesign CCI/NoCNoC/Fabric Periph Fabric/NoC Interconnect Architecture CCI vs. NOC vs. Fabric? Make or buy? How many? What configuration(s)?

15 SoC design issues CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART Without Cycle Accurate Modeling Wasted die space on overdesigned cache Poor cache performance Overspend on IP Wasted power CCI/NoCNoC/Fabric Periph Fabric/NoC Memory subsystem Cache sizing How big? Which memory technology? System performance impact? L2 Cache DDRx

16 SoC design issues Without Cycle Accurate Modeling No guarantee of software running on first day silicon Inability to tune hardware/ software performance Chip re-spin – huge cost Firmware Development Pre-silicon firmware development Software performance analysis System integration issues CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART CCI/NoCNoC/Fabric Periph Fabric/NoC L2 Cache DDRx

17 SoC design issues Without Cycle Accurate Modeling Can’t black-box feature sets. Can’t share with end customer IP exposure Design intent lost Deployment Secure platform for external users CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART CCI/NoCNoC/Fabric Periph Fabric/NoC L2 Cache DDRx CPU(s)GPU PCIe USB3 Ethernet MIPI HDMI WLAN GPIO UART CCI/NoCNoC/Fabric Periph Fabric/NoC L2 Cache DDRx Internal Users External Users

18 18 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

19 Virtual Prototyping Benefit

20 Prototyping Options Traditional Virtual Prototype RTL SimulationEmulation FPGA Based Prototypin gSilicon Carbon SoC Designer Early Availability Speed Accuracy HW Debug SW Debug Execution Control Extra Devel Effort Replication Cost

21 21 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

22 What is a Carbon Model? –A high performance linkable software object –Generated by proprietary compiler from synthesizable RTL design files options & directives files –Contains cycle-accurate & register- accurate description of hardware design –Organized in the form of: Software Object file (libdesign.a on Linux or libdesign.lib on Windows) Header file (libdesign.h) Binary database (libdesign.symtab.db) – database with information about all internal signals Using a Carbon Model –Linked with gcc (or Microsoft VC++) –Libcarbon5.so & carbon_capi.h are part of installation on Linux –Simulator communicates with hardware model through sockets using carbon_capi.h

23 Tools you will be using studio/ Carbon Model Studio Enables carbon model creation from RTL –Verilog/VHDL/Syste mC plus/ Carbon SoC Designer Virtual Prototyping Canvas –Assemble system –Drive system –Debug –Analyze (profile) –Optimize CPAK Carbon Performance Analysis Kits Ready-to-use assembly of processor models + IP blocks + baremetal/OS + benchmarking tools

24 Interplay between tools RTL System Level Model Other IP Models CA Model CA Model LT Model LT Model μP Model Co-simulation Firmware development/source code State Machine design

25 What will tools enable? Architectural Analysis Analyze memory subsystems –Analyze cache statistics Analyze system throughput & latency Validate bus & pipeline performance assumptions –Zero silicon design & validation Validate HW/SW partitions –Software function profiling Synchronization & timing –Will arbitration logic work as expected? Enables quick re-configurability & re- run of SoC design –Feature change is easy

26 What will tools enable? Firmware Validation & Application software development Begin firmware development even while SoC is in “concept” stage. Use the same platform as SoC hardware & software designs mature –Maximize design reuse Integrated debug tools for hardware & software –Analyze impact of software on hardware performance & vice versa Have complete system visibility –Set breakpoints in firmware debugger or in hardware –Interrupt SoC operation at any point to examine behavior

27 27 Overview SoC’s today SoC design paradigm SoC design issues Virtual prototyping benefit Virtual Prototyping options What is a “Carbon model”? Tools used & their interplay Assignments Flow Resources

28 Assignments Flow Introduction to SoC Designer –Construct & Debug an ARM Cortex A9 Bare-metal SoC –Understand the role of IP blocks/components necessary to design a system –Run an example sort application (insertion & bubble sort) Introduction to Model Studio –Create a carbon model from RTL (Vectored Interrupt Controller) –Write RTL for a APB compatible timer, create carbon model, integrate into ARM Cortex A9 Baremetal SoC Introduction to Co-simulation –Export Interrupt Controller signals into Modelsim simulation kernel from SoC Designer. –Use Interrupt Controller RTL & Top level test-bench to drive SoC Designer –Perform co-simulation for APB compatible timer Compilation & Simulation of Applications –How to create, compile, run and characterize an application on SoC Designer –“Hello World” & Vector multiplication – How to create an ARM Executable file (axf) –Profile software code, observe bus level transactions & correlate to source code

29 Interplay between tools RTL System Level Model Other IP Models CA Model LT Model LT Model LT Model μP Model Co-simulation Firmware development/source code State Machine design

30 Example ARM Cortex A9 Demo SoC ARM application processor connected via an AXIv2 bus to program & data memory. Memory mapped IO Bridge to APB bus  connects to timer, Bridge to AHB bus  connects to interrupt controller Core for processor compiled from ARM RTL, supports 32 kb Instruction Cache, 32kb Data cache, 128 KB TLB, no Floating Point Unit, does not contain Neon Media Processing Engine AMBA – de-facto standard for on-chip communication, open standard – Learn more.Learn more

31 Who else is using these tools?

32 Resources ARM InfoCenter - Carbon Tutorials - /opt/carbon_tutorials Component User Guides - /opt/documents ARM Specs - /opt/documents/arm_specs/ Carbon Tool User Guides - /opt/SoCDesigner/doc/ ModelSim User Guide - /opt/ModelSim-SE- 10.d/modeltech/docs/pdfdocs/modelsim_se_tut.pdf Please DO NOT register on Carbon Design Systems website. The models you may need for projects will be provided to you Contact for tool-related issues: –Prof. Rabi Mahapatra –Deam Ieong

33 Conclusion Virtual prototyping tools can help accelerate –Architectural exploration –Firmware development –System integration & customer integration Familiarity & expertise with these tools will help –Job-relevant skills –Gain experience with ARM-based SoC, AXI –Experience switched fabrics and network topology

34 Acknowledgement


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