Presentation on theme: "Cover Thy Neighbor: Moral and Economic Imperatives for Health System Reform Len M. Nichols, Ph.D. Director, Health Policy Program New America Foundation."— Presentation transcript:
Cover Thy Neighbor: Moral and Economic Imperatives for Health System Reform Len M. Nichols, Ph.D. Director, Health Policy Program New America Foundation Illinois Adequate Health Care Task Force Chicago, Illinois November 4, 2005
2 Overview Linked problems of our health care system Why incremental reforms can’t work Pathways to comprehensive reform
3 Linked Problems Low Value for Dollar Uneven quality Inequitable access to care
4 Premium Payments v. GDP Growth Rate Source: NIPA, BEA/Commerce Dept.
5 Uneven Quality Beth McGlynn Dartmouth
6 Percent of Recommended Care Adults Get Source: E. McGlynn et al. NEJM, 2003;348:2635-45.
7 Annual Number of Excess Deaths Medical Errors in Hospitals: 98,000 Poor Quality: 42,000-79,000 Diabetes (for comparison): 73,000 Source: IOM, NCQA, and CDC
8 Inequitable Access Uninsured and IOM Income-based rationing
9 What IOM concluded Cost of uninsurance cost of coverage expansion, $65-130B per year 18,000 premature deaths annually Acutely and chronically ill receive fewer timely services and have worse morbidity, days lost, etc. than similar insured patients 60 million suffer financial insecurity each year People in high uninsured areas suffer from lack of health resources available to them
10 Percent of median family income required to buy family health insurance Source: Author’s calculations, using KFF and AHRQ premium data, CPS income data.
11 Result of our incremental approaches Health insurance as we know it is out of reach of a growing share of our workforce
12 Why Incremental Reforms Don’t Work No sense of urgency –We continue to accept the unacceptable Key incentives remain unchanged and perverse Excessive individualism Problems are LINKED
13 Linkages Among Problems Cost Quality Access
14 Linkages Between Universal Coverage and Cost Containment Uncompensated care costs are shifted to … ? Lowest quality care is practiced on uninsured –Late in disease progression –Financial barriers to patient compliance –Lack of information on what patient needs, has had How can state of the art info system succeed if 1/6 to 1/4 of population falls or remains out of it over time?
15 Myths That Impede Progress Uninsured get all the care they need America is rich and can afford unfettered medical technology growth
16 What Do We Need? Moral case Economic case Delivery system “culture of value” Credible policy design –3 dimensions of credibility Stakeholders, politicians, people
17 Moral Case Feed the Hungry –Gleaning, the community, and the stranger Health care joins food as an indispensable commodity IOM clarifies that the lack of health insurance leads to excess death Therefore, to deny insurance is to deny food Stewardship over health care resources is also essential
18 Economic Case Health costs are reducing wages, profits, investments Jobs are being lost due to lack of competitiveness Middle class preponderance is not guaranteed
19 Health System Culture of Value Information infrastructure to support quality improvement Safe harbors and value-enhancing incentives (for all) for service limits Comparative technology assessment as countervailing power between medical technology and coverage/use decisions
20 Credible Policy Design Require individuals to buy private health insurance –Make it possible for them to do so Subsidies for low income Purchasing vehicle for those who need it Maintain existing employer system where possible Create delivery system culture of value Set evidence-based limits on collectively financed benefits in “American” benefit package (ABP) Tie subsidy, tax exclusion, and dedicated revenue to coverage decisions, ABP Preserve liberty and choice
21 Sequence of Policy Steps Create political space –Articulate moral case, explain economic facts and risk Institute cost growth containment policies Create purchasing requirements, venues, subsidies Link dedicated tax revenue appropriation to evidence-based coverage decisions over time
22 Winners and Losers Winners: –Providers who can prove clinical value added –Payers and patients who use them –Politicians who created enabling conditions Losers: –Providers who try to hide behind opaque aura –Payers and patients who reject information institutions –Politicians who define freedom as individual provider autonomy
23 Coalitions of the Willing Those who care about their fellow citizens Employers who shrink from the future they see Governors and state legislators who shrink from the futures they see Providers who want to lead and prosper Workers who know access has cost and value Politicians who want to lead