Presentation on theme: "Romulus and Remus According to myth, Romulus and Remus founded Rome in 753 BCE."— Presentation transcript:
1 Romulus and RemusAccording to myth, Romulus and Remus founded Rome in 753 BCE.
2 The city of Rome began as a group of small villages located on seven hills on the Tiber River. The villages grew until they became a town and eventually this town grew into an Empire.Around 500 BCE, the Romans overthrew the Etruscan king and established a Republic. Citizens were allowed to vote and to choose the people who would run the government.To keep the Etruscans from regaining power, the Romans begin to attack the surrounding Etruscan cities or establish alliances with them.
5 Roman Daily Life Cities were crowded, dirty and Loud. Most people lived in Apartments which were poorly built and often collapsed.The wealthy lived in large, comfortable housesTo keep peace, the government offered “bread and circuses”Bread and circuses: chariot races and Gladiator events.Gladiators fought animals and each other. Most were enslaved people, criminals, or the poor.They were admired similar to sports heroes today.RomanDailyLife
6 Roman Family LifeWealthy families hired tutors for their children, poor families didn’t send their children to school.Older boys studied reading, writing and public speaking at schools while older girls studied reading and writing and household skills at home.Between boys celebrated becoming a man. He burnt his toys as offeringsFamily was importantFamilies were largeIncluded: Parents, young children, married children and their families, other relatives and servants.The father was the head of the household.The father punished children for misbehavior and arranged marriages
7 Women in RomeWomen with less freedom spent more time working but could leave the house to shop, visit friends, worship at temple, or go to the baths.They could hold public jobsHad some rights but were not full citizens.Had strong influence on their families.Wives of emperors often influenced political decisionsWomen could own land, run a business, and sell property.Managed the household, and servants.They could attend the theater or amphitheater but had to sit in areas separate from men.A woman’s freedoms depended on the wealth of her husband
8 Imagine you are from Ancient Rome, write a letter to a friend in Greece telling him or her about your life.what do you do on a daily basis,how is your life different from theirs?What is your family life like?THINK ABOUT THE THINGS WE DISCUSSED WITH THE ETRUSCANS, WHAT YOU SAW IN THE POWER POINTS WITH YOUR GROUP AND WHAT WE HAVE TALKED ABOUT TODAY!!!!!!
9 ARCHITECTURE Pantheon= temple built to honor the Roman Gods First to invent and use concrete.Based greatly on the Greek style of art and architectureColosseum=arenaUsed Greek columns and added their own features such as arches and domes. Vaulted ceilings.
10 Virgil took many of his ideas from Homer. based on Greek style.Roman historians recorded the events of their civilizations, Livy wrote History of Rome.Horace wrote Satire=poked fun at human weaknesses and Odes=told of strong emotions about life.LITERATUREOvid wrote tales based on Greek myths.Enjoyed plays which were based on tragedies and comedies. The Roman language of Latin became the language for European government, trade and learning.
11 Gaylon: a Greek doctor brought the study of Anatomy to Rome Engineers built a massive system of roads and bridges connecting the empires. This made travel and trade more accessible. Built aqueducts to bring water to the cities. They also developed a sewer systemPtolemy from Alexandria, Egypt studied the sky, he mapped over 1,000 stars and studied the movement of the planets and stars.SCIENCE & ENGINEERING
12 How has Roman Architecture influenced our world today? How has Roman Literature influenced our world today?How has Roman Science and Engineering influenced our world today?GIVE EXAMPLES……………
13 POLYTHEISTICSpirits lived in Natural things like trees and riversHonored Gods with prayer and offerings
14 Roman Beliefs Diana: Goddess of the hunt Venus: Goddess of love Mars: God of WarJupiter: Chief God/God of the SkyRoman BeliefsJuno: Wife of the chief godMinerva: Goddess of WisdomPluto: God of the underworldNeptune: God of the SeaMercury: Messenger God
15 Patricians Plebeians Both Wealthy landowners Made up the ruling class. Could not hold public office.Artisans, Shop keepers, and small farm ownersIntermarriage among the Classes was not allowed.Served in the ArmyPaid taxesHad the right to votePatriciansPlebeiansBoth
17 Rome & United States Checks and Balances Both have checks & balances to prevent one group from getting too powerful.Rome’s government didn’t separate the powers like the U.S. does.
18 Consuls Peoples’ Assembly Senate Replaced kings2 were elected each termServed one year.Headed the ArmyCould veto each others decisions.Peoples’ AssemblySenateRich noblesCommon PeopleControlled GovernmentProposed laws300 Patrician menServed for lifeDemanded laws be written and placed in public placesCould veto laws
19 The Great Plebeian Strike 471 B.C. Plebeians set up their own body of representatives-The Council of PlebsPlebeians won the right to veto government decisionsPlebeians and Patricians were allowed to intermarryPlebeians were allowed to be members of the Council494 B.C. Plebeians went on strike and refused to serve in the Army.Left the city to set up their own republicLed to Plebeian success in gaining power.
20 Rome became the most powerful state; it gained all control of the Mediterranean World. Conquered cities became provinces of the Rome.As a Roman province, citizens were entitledRight to VotePay TaxesBe member of Roman ArmyRome became extremely wealthy due to all the taxes being paid by citizens.The rich became richer and poor became poorer
21 Roman Law A major contribution to law systems around the world. Rome’s first set of laws= 12 TablesThe 12 tables were the basis for all future Roman laws.Established that all free citizens had the right to be treated equally by the legal system.Law of Nations: stated principals of Justice that applied to all people everywhere.
22 Roman Law Law of Nations Innocent until Proven GuiltyThe right to defend yourself in courtRequires a judge to look at all evidence carefully before making a decision.This was also known as----Rule of lawRule of law is the basis of OUR legal system today.
23 Wars Second Punic War (218 B.C.) First Punic War (264B.C.) Rome helped the people living in Spain rebel against Carthage.Carthage sent it’s greatest general Hannibal to attack Rome, beginning the 2nd Punic war.Once again Rome defeated Carthage and gained control of Spain.First Punic War (264B.C.)Rome & Carthage wanted Control of SicilyLasted 20 yearsRomans forced CarthaginiansFrom Sicily, and gained control.WarsThird Punic WarAfter 50 years of peace Carthage began rebuilding. Rome attacked and burned Carthage and ruined it’s fields. The people of Carthage were either killed or sold into slavery
24 An End to the RepublicRome had become so large it depended on military rulers. In 46 BCE Julius Caesar came into power.Accomplishments of Julius CaesarBuilt new buildingsReduced taxesProtected the rights of plebeiansSoldiers pledged loyalty to CaesarPatricians thought Julius Caesar had too much power and murdered him in 44 BCE.
25 Pax RomanaOctavian, known as Augustus, became emperor in 27 BCE. This is the start of the Roman Empire. He established a 200 year period of peace known as the Pax Romana. He called himself Augustus which means “great.”Accomplishments of AugustusMaintained peaceRestored order to armyEstablished fair taxesConstructed new roads and buildingsEncouraged art, science, and literatureEstablished a standard currencyIncreased trade
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