Presentation on theme: "You: Working with Young Children"— Presentation transcript:
1You: Working with Young Children Chapter 1Adapted from “Working with Young Children” by Judy Herr
2Chapter Vocabulary Early childhood Prekindergarten (PK) Nanny Au pair Licensing specialistEntrepreneurChild Development Associate (CDA) CredentialDevelopmentally appropriate practice (DAP)Ethics
3What is early childhood? Covers the period from birth to nine years of ageDuring this time, growth is very rapidChild develops a sense of self, as well as language, cognitive, social, emotional, problem-solving and social skills
4Popularity of early childhood programs In the 1970s, only 6% of children were cared for in child care centersToday, 67% participate in an early childhood program95% of the nation’s five-year-olds attend kindergarten programs for at least ½ the day
5Social and Economic Changes Various changes will affect the need for and structure of child care services.These changes include:FamiliesEmployers’ attitudesEducation attitudesEducational studiesBenefits to the economy
6Changes in Families Dramatic change in the past 25 years Women are becoming more highly educatedCouples are having fewer childrenYoung adults are getting married later in lifeMany families need a second paycheckWomen are demonstrating an increased commitment to workFamilies see the value of having children attend an early childhood programMost families no longer have a mother as a homemaker and father as a wage earner.3. Smaller family size = more money to spend on childcare4. When couples have children later, they are in a better position financially to afford early childhood care programs
7Changes in Employers’ Attitudes Corporate/employer-sponsored child care is one of the fastest growing types of child careBy providing some type of child care benefit, companies see an increase inRecruitmentMoraleproductivityAbsenteeism is reducedBetter public relationsTax benefitsEase of schedulingImproved quality of workforce
8Changes in Education Attitudes Parents are becoming more aware of their children’s developmental needsAs a result, they are seeking quality environments that promote their children’s growth and developmentStudies show children in full-day kindergarten programs do better academically and socially during the primary years.
9Educational StudiesThe first 5 years of life are critical in developmentChildren who are involved in early learning experiences are more successful in school, as well as later in lifeChildren who have a good start are less likely to have behavioral problemsLess likely to be referred to special educationEarned better gradesMore graduated from high schoolAccording to research, many states are introducing prekindergarten programsPK refers to the full range of early childhood programs, including school and home based child care, preschool, and Head Start
10Career Opportunities in Early Childhood NanniesAu pairsKindergarten teachersEarly childhood assistant and associate teachersChild care teachers and directorsFamily child care homeLicensing specialistPlayground designersChildren’s librariansSalespeople of children’s productsParents educatorsChildren’s artist
11Nannies Provides care in a child’s home Some nannies live in the child’s home“Raise” the childMany nannies come from other countries
12Au PairsA person from a foreign country who lives with a family and performs tasks similar to those of a nannyIn exchange for weekly pay, room, board and transportation, the au pair provides child care and may do housework.
13Kindergarten Teacher Needed in public and private schools Many child care centers hire kindergarten teachers
14Early Childhood Assistant and Associate Teachers Provides support and assistance to the lead teacher in providing developmentally appropriate curriculum.Typically an entry level positionMay give experience needed to advance to the lead teacher position
15Child Care Teachers and Directors Teacher is responsible for planning curriculum and teaching childrenDirector is responsible for marketing the program, recruiting children, hiring and supervising staff, and managing the budget.
16Family Child Care HomeProvide care for children age 6 weeks to 12 yearsAllows a child care provider to work from homeOften has longer hours of operationHomelike atmosphereCare providers can also care for their own children
17Licensing Specialist Makes visits to assigned centers Is center following state licensing guidelines?How many children are in facility?What is the adult-child ratio?What is the size of the facility?What is the quality of food service?Is the appropriate curriculum being provided?Building safety, health practices, educational preparedness of staff and physical space are monitored as wellEmployed by the stateTheir role is to protect and promote the health, safety and welfare of children attending centers
18Other Career Opportunities Parent educator – work with parents to help them learn parenting skillsCommunity recreation leaderChildren’s art, dance, music and sports instructorSocial workersCounselorsTherapistsEntrepreneur – a person who creates and runs their own businessMost common is a family child care homeEx: consultant, store owner
19Education and Training Needed Some entry-level positions (i.e., playground supervisor, teacher’s aide) require a high school diplomaMost require training and educational beyond high school.Step one is to obtain the Child Development Associate (CDA) CredentialA national credential that requires postsecondary courses in child care education and have demonstrated the ability to work with young children.Teachers usually required to have a bachelor’s degree in ECE, child development or a closely related field.Some jobs require a graduate degreeConsultantsResearchersEarly childhood instructors and professorsEach state establishes its own qualifications for staff working in child care centers.Qualifications depend on position desired and location.
20Commonwealth Child Care Credential eligibility Students who complete Child Development/Parenting, Child Services I, and Child Services 2 OR Life Skills may be eligible to receive the certificate.Must complete the following instructional hours9 in Health and Safety15 in Learning and Curriculum7 in Family and Community Partnerships5 in Program Management6 in Professional Development4 in Child Assessment14 in Child Development and GrowthTo receive your full certificate, you must be 18 years old and be employed in an early childhood facility.
21CDA HistoryInitiated in 1971 for the purpose of improving the quality of child care.It was designed to assess and credential early care and education professionals based on performance.
22CDA Eligibility Requirements Personal18 years old with a high school diplomaAcademic skillsSigned statement of ethical conductSettingState-approved centerMust be the head caregiver for 8 or more children ages 3-510 children must be enrolled in program and two caregivers presentNo more than 20% of children can have special needsExperienceAt least 480 hours work experience with 3-5 year oldsEducation120 clock hours divided among different program areas
23Child Development Associate Credential Competency Goals: establish the framework for caregiver behaviorHow many are there? 6Functional Areas describe the major tasks or functions must complete in order to carry out the competency goals.How many are there? 13
24The Teacher’s Responsibilities Plan developmentally appropriate curriculum through developmentally appropriate practiceA set of guidelines that focus on the outcomes of learning activitiesBased on the idea that children learn from playEmphasizes knowing children well and respecting them.Play activities should be based on the child’s age, abilities, strengths/weaknesses, cultural and social background, and personal interests.Quality programs focus on the “whole child”
25The Teacher’s Responsibilities Prepare the environmentMust encourage children to independently experiment, explore and manipulateProvide a variety of materialsCommunicate EffectivelyPositive communication will help you form and maintain a close relationship with childrenEncourage communication with parents and caregiversForm meaningful relationships with colleagues
26The Teacher’s Responsibilities Demonstrate TeamworkWork as a team with your colleagues by respecting themSupport your coworkersConflict resolution skillsTime ManagementHelps teachers work smarterSet prioritiesDistinguish between important and urgent matters
27The Teacher’s Responsibilities Participate in Professional OrganizationsKeep current in the fieldFCCLANAEYC (National Association for the Education of Young Children) is the primary organization for the early childhood fieldFollow ethical standardsEthics are a guiding set of moral principlesRight vs. wrong
28The Teacher’s Responsibilities To continue to learnProfessional developmentConferencesKnow how children grow and develop
29What do you think are characteristics of a successful teacher?
30Characteristics of a Successful Teacher Fondness for childrenEvery child should fee understood and acceptedAs part of their social development, children need to be taught that people and feelings are importantPatienceAllow children time to explore, solve problems and createChildren often learn through repetition
31Characteristics of a Successful Teacher CompassionAccept others without prejudiceIs sensitive to both positive and negative feelings the children expressCompliment children for their successesHelp children understand feelingsMotivate children to respect each otherConfidenceHelps you to relax in the classroomStand by your decisions and children will accept them
32Characteristics of a Successful Teacher Sense of humorChildren enjoy adults who laughPositive teacher = positive studentMakes work more enjoyableMake sure to laugh with, not at children.CommitmentMust constantly study to keep up with current developments in fieldPreparing for daily teaching is time consuming
33Characteristics of a Successful Teacher Personal DesireYou may have doubtsYou need to feel that working with children is rewarding for youPhysical and Mental HealthEat nutritious mealsGet plenty of sleepStay physically activeFind stress relievers
34Chapter 1 Review Know percentages of child care in the 1970s vs. today Changes in families that affect child careBenefits of corporate childcareAdvantages of early learning experiencesBe able to describe 5 career opportunities in early childhoodBe able to describe a family child care homeEligibility requirements for a CDACDA functional areas vs. competency goals
35Chapter 1 ReviewKnow at least 3 responsibilities and 3 characteristics of a successful teacherKnow your vocabulary