2 Vocabulary Terms Family child care home Child care centers Custodial careMontessori approachHead StartSchool-age child care programsChecking-in servicesParent cooperativesLaboratory schoolsUniversal pre-kindergarten (UPK)Accredited
4 In addition… Family child care homes Child care centers Child care provided in a private home with a small number of childrenChild care centersFacilities that offer full day children’s programsMost popular type of care and educationSome centers simply provide custodial care, care focusing primarily on child’s physical needs
5 In addition… Kindergarten First Kindergarten opened in 1837 by Frederick Froebel in Germany.Stressed playFirst American Kindergarten opened in Watertown,WI in 18563 basic scheduling patterns: ½ day, full day and full day/alternatingEmphasizes the growth of the whole childBasic objectives to develop positive feelings about school, develop independence, develop positive self-concept
6 In addition… School-age Child Care Parent Cooperatives Provide care for children before and/or after schoolSponsored by schools, houses of worship or child care centersAn alternative is checking-in services, where workers call home to see if child arrived safely. This option is only for mature children who can take care of themselves until parents arrive.Parent CooperativesFormed and run by parents who wish to take part in their children’s preschool experienceParents make administrative decisionsFees are often less here than at other programsParents serve as classroom aides
7 In addition… Laboratory Schools High School Child Care Programs University and college affiliated programsLocated on a college campusServe as a study group for researchMost have a highly qualified staff, well-planned curriculum and up-to-date facilitiesHigh School Child Care ProgramsHelp train future child care professionalsHigh school students plan and present the curriculum under supervision of a teacher
8 In addition… Universal Pre-Kindergarten Sponsored at the state level High quality, literary rich environment is provided.Designed for 3 and 4 year olds.
9 Montessori Schools Maria Montessori Developed the theory that children learn best by being activeMontessori ApproachChildren “learn how to learn”Children were allowed to explore materials that were meant to instructStressed independenceTeachers provide little help
10 Head StartNutritionMany do not receive nutritious meals at homeAt least one snack and one hot meal is provided each dayFood is served that reflects the child’s ethnic and cultural preferences.Designed to help children make healthy food choices and develop good eating habits.Developed in the late 1960s by the federal governmentDesigned to overcome the negative effects of poverty on young childrenOne of the most successful preschool and family support programs in the countryCurriculumDesigned to build self-esteemVariety of learning experiences to meet the children’s needs in all four areas of developmentParental involvement is at the heart of the program
11 Head Start Health Parental Involvement All children given a total health planDental, medical, mental health services provided forChildren who have not had childhood immunizations prior to enrollment are given themParental InvolvementRecognizes the parent as the child’s first teacherParents are encouraged to help recruit new children, assist in the center, and take part in policy meetings
12 Sponsorship in Early Childhood Centers Public SponsorshipFunded by federal, state or local governmentsSome funds come through school districtsFederally funded example: Head StartState funded example: laboratory school, high school child care program
13 Sponsorship in Early Childhood Centers Private sponsorshipRely on parent fees to cover most of operating expensesMay be operated by a house of worship, hospital or charitable organization
14 Sponsorship in Early Childhood Centers Employer sponsorshipReduces conflict between family and work responsibilitiesSeveral optionscompany-owned on site carecontracting out to childcare chains or firmsvouchers
15 Selecting a Child Care Program Find a program that welcomes the child and promotes all areas of the children’s developmentCostLocationQualityWhat are the program’s goals, activities and schedule?Variety and balanceChild to teacher ratioTraining and experience of staffStaff turnover ratesSafe EnvironmentSecurity systemSmoke detectorsFire extinguishersEvacuation plansCleanWell maintainedAs a teacher, your role will be to give parents the needed information to make an informed decisionStaff turnover rate – children need a predictable environment
16 Center AccreditationBeing accredited certifies that a set of standards has been met by an early childhood program.To be eligible, a center must:A self-evaluation on 10 categoriesA validation visit conducted on-site by trained professionalsA decision by a team of experts representing the National Academy of Early Childhood Programs
17 Chapter 2 Review Describe one aspect of each type of program Know about Montessori and Head StartGive one example of each sponsorshipWhat are factors to consider when choosing a child care program?What is center accreditation?Study your vocabulary terms
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