2 Romulus and RemusAccording to myth, Romulus and Remus founded Rome in 753 BCE.
3 The city of Rome began as a group of small villages located on seven hills on the Tiber River. The villages grew until they became a town and eventually this town grew into an Empire.Around 500 BCE, the Romans overthrew the Etruscan king and established a Republic. Citizens were allowed to vote and to choose the people who would run the government.To keep the Etruscans from regaining power, the Romans begin to attack the surrounding Etruscan cities or establish alliances with them.
5 ConsulsReplaced kingsServed one yearPopular Assembly elected 2PatriciansSenatePlebeiansPeoples’ AssemblyRich noblesCommon PeopleControlled GovernmentProposed lawsComprised of 300 menServed for lifeDemanded laws be written and placed in public placesCould veto laws
6 Daily Double!!!Who can tell me what language the word VETO comes from and what does it mean?Latin – “I forbid it!”
7 The Power of RomeRome became the most powerful state; it gained all control of the Mediterranean World.Conquered cities became provinces of the Rome As a Roman province, citizens were entitledRight to VotePay TaxesBe member of Roman ArmyRome became extremely wealthy due to all the taxes being paid by citizens.The rich became richer and poor became poorer.
8 An End to the RepublicRome had become so large it depended on military rulers. In 46 BCE Julius Caesar came into power.Accomplishments of Julius CaesarBuilt new buildingsReduced taxesProtected the rights of plebeiansSoldiers pledged loyalty to CaesarPatricians thought Julius Caesar had too much power and murdered him in 44 BCE.
9 Pax RomanaOctavian, known as Augustus, became emperor in 27 BCE. This is the start of the Roman Empire. He established a 200 year period of peace known as the Pax Romana. He called himself Augustus which means “great.”Accomplishments of AugustusMaintained peaceRestored order to armyEstablished fair taxesConstructed new roads and buildingsEncouraged art, science, and literatureEstablished a standard currencyIncreased trade