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ENGT 122 – CAD I CAD I – Outline & Chapter 1 – Intro to AutoCAD & Chapter 2 – Getting Started with Auto-CAD.

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Presentation on theme: "ENGT 122 – CAD I CAD I – Outline & Chapter 1 – Intro to AutoCAD & Chapter 2 – Getting Started with Auto-CAD."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENGT 122 – CAD I CAD I – Outline & Chapter 1 – Intro to AutoCAD & Chapter 2 – Getting Started with Auto-CAD

2 CAD I - Outline Chap 1 – Introduction to AutoCAD Chap 1 – Introduction to AutoCAD Chap 2 – Getting Started Chap 2 – Getting Started Chap 3 – Drawing Commands Chap 3 – Drawing Commands Chap 4 – Drawing Aids Chap 4 – Drawing Aids Chap 5 – Editing Commands Chap 5 – Editing Commands Chap 6 – Editing with Grips Chap 6 – Editing with Grips Chap 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text Chap 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text Chap 13 – Hatching Chap 13 – Hatching Chap 14 – Blocks Chap 14 – Blocks

3 Outline Chapter 1 –Intro to AutoCAD Chapter 2 - Getting Started CAD Intro CAD Intro Starting and Stopping AutoCAD Starting and Stopping AutoCAD File Commands (Saving, Opening, Closing) File Commands (Saving, Opening, Closing) Command input Methods Command input Methods Coordinates - Systems & Input Methods Coordinates - Systems & Input Methods Drawing Simple Objects (Lines, Circles) Drawing Simple Objects (Lines, Circles) Modifying Objects (Erase, Undo, Move) Modifying Objects (Erase, Undo, Move) Display Commands (Zoom, Pan) Display Commands (Zoom, Pan) Basic Plotting Basic Plotting Help System Help System

4 What is CAD? Googlism – When this question was posed to Google (the popular internet search engine) this is how it responded: *cad is heading for the future cad is creative cad is more than a machine shop *cad is info database and analyzer cad is changing how we handle this essential building design phase *cad is a designer’s paradise *cad is expensive but becomes more widely available cad is a polygon editing program for 3d professionals and hobbyists *cad is fun *cad is more than just a visual tool cad is perceived cad is different *cad is increasingly more powerful and capable *cad is very powerful and fairly intuitive *cad is a powerful engineering drawing tool Etc……..

5 What do you think CAD is?

6 What is CAD?… Really! CAD stands for Computer-Aided Design/Drafting. CAD stands for Computer-Aided Design/Drafting. It involves inputting lines, arcs, dimensions, and text, not onto paper, but into an electronic database for engineering purposes and in compliance with specific industry standards. It involves inputting lines, arcs, dimensions, and text, not onto paper, but into an electronic database for engineering purposes and in compliance with specific industry standards. The ability to manipulate graphical data in many ways during and after completion of any job. The ability to manipulate graphical data in many ways during and after completion of any job. There are many types of CAD systems and brand names, but you can break it down into 2D and 3D. In this Program we use AutoCAD 2007 for 2D and Inventor 11 for 3D. There are many types of CAD systems and brand names, but you can break it down into 2D and 3D. In this Program we use AutoCAD 2007 for 2D and Inventor 11 for 3D.

7 What do you think are the advantages of CAD over Mechanical Drafting?

8 CAD Advantages CAD software is more accurate. CAD software is more accurate. Lines are crisp and clean. Lines are crisp and clean. Text is legible (usually ). Text is legible (usually ). Erasures are undetectable. Erasures are undetectable. More productive. More productive. Repetitive operations can be performed with a single command. Repetitive operations can be performed with a single command. Symmetrical parts are easily replicated. Symmetrical parts are easily replicated. Editing drawings is much easier. Editing drawings is much easier. Drawing can be transferred electronically. Drawing can be transferred electronically. Storage requirements are minimal. Storage requirements are minimal. Drawing retrieval process is much easier. Drawing retrieval process is much easier. Data is reusable. Data is reusable. What else? What else?

9 What is AutoCAD? AutoCAD is an interactive general purpose CAD (Computer Aided Drafting) program. AutoCAD is an interactive general purpose CAD (Computer Aided Drafting) program. Developed in California in the early 1980’s by Autodesk Inc. Developed in California in the early 1980’s by Autodesk Inc. Used in many disciplines: mechanical, civil, architectural, electrical, etc. Used in many disciplines: mechanical, civil, architectural, electrical, etc. Performs 2D drafting, 3D wireframe, and 3D solid modeling. Performs 2D drafting, 3D wireframe, and 3D solid modeling. Functionality is extremely comprehensive to suit various needs. Difficulty ranges from very easy to very complex, depending on user requirements. Functionality is extremely comprehensive to suit various needs. Difficulty ranges from very easy to very complex, depending on user requirements. The world’s most popular PC-based design software. By knowing AutoCAD, you are more likely to get hired! The world’s most popular PC-based design software. By knowing AutoCAD, you are more likely to get hired!

10 Create a Working Folder To help keep your workspace and folders “clean” we will create a working folder for use during CAD I lectures: Login to your computer. Login to your computer. Create a folder called CAD I in your home work space on U: drive (U: MECH##). Create a folder called CAD I in your home work space on U: drive (U: MECH##). Under CAD I create a subfolder called CAD I-Lecture Under CAD I create a subfolder called CAD I-Lecture (U: MECH##/CAD I/ CAD I-Lecture). This is the space where lecture exercises should be saved and stored. This is the space where lecture exercises should be saved and stored. Your other CAD I files can be saved in other folders which YOU create under (U: MECH##/CAD I/). Your other CAD I files can be saved in other folders which YOU create under (U: MECH##/CAD I/).

11 Demo Show demo of suggested file folder structure. Show demo of suggested file folder structure.

12 Starting AutoCAD 3 ways to start AutoCAD: Double-Click AutoCAD 2007 icon on your desktop. Double-Click AutoCAD 2007 icon on your desktop. Use the Start Menu – Use the Start Menu – Start > All Programs > Autodesk > AutoCAD 2007 > AutoCAD 2007 Start > All Programs > Autodesk > AutoCAD 2007 > AutoCAD 2007 Double-Click an AutoCAD.dwg file in Windows Explorer. Double-Click an AutoCAD.dwg file in Windows Explorer. AutoCADIcon

13 Starting AutoCAD Starting AutoCAD Double-Click AutoCAD Icon Double-Click AutoCAD Icon Start Menu Method Start Menu Method Doubleclick Demo1.dwg Doubleclick Demo1.dwg Explain doubleclick on files if previous version of AutoCAd was used most recently. Explain doubleclick on files if previous version of AutoCAd was used most recently. Demo

14 Shutting Down AutoCAD If you intend to keep the drawing data be sure you SAVE before exiting! If you intend to keep the drawing data be sure you SAVE before exiting! Exiting AutoCAD: Exiting AutoCAD: From Drop Down Menu: File > Exit From Drop Down Menu: File > Exit Or click  in upper right corner. Or click  in upper right corner. Or type EXIT at command prompt followed by [Enter]. Or type EXIT at command prompt followed by [Enter]. To Exit AutoCAD

15 Exit AutoCAD using the drop down menu. Exit AutoCAD using the drop down menu. DO NOT save your drawing! DO NOT save your drawing! Restart AutoCAD using the Start Menu. Restart AutoCAD using the Start Menu. Exit AutoCAD using the Exit command. Exit AutoCAD using the Exit command. Restart AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Restart AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Exit AutoCAD by clicking upper right . Exit AutoCAD by clicking upper right . Exercise: Start AutoCAD 2007 by double-clicking the icon. Start AutoCAD 2007 by double-clicking the icon. Examine the layout Examine the layout Inform your instructor of any problems! Inform your instructor of any problems! If you get a Startup Dialog Box, If you get a Startup Dialog Box, click Cancel with your left mouse button.

16 Startup Dialog Box Options; Options; Startup Dialog Box Startup Dialog Box No Startup Dialog Box No Startup Dialog Box Options Selected by; Options Selected by; Tools > Options > System > Tools > Options > System > General Options > Startup Startup Dialog Box

17 Show Startup dialog box. Show Startup dialog box. Demonstrate changing Startup dialog box. Demonstrate changing Startup dialog box. Tools > Options > System > General Options > Startup Tools > Options > System > General Options > Startup Set to show Startup Dialog Box. Set to show Startup Dialog Box. Demo

18 Exercise: Start AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Start AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Examine the Startup dialog box (if you get one). Examine the Startup dialog box (if you get one). Close the Startup dialog box (if you get one) by clicking Cancel with your left mouse button. Close the Startup dialog box (if you get one) by clicking Cancel with your left mouse button. Reset the system to either “Show a startup” (if you did not get one) or “Don’t show a startup” (if you did get one). Reset the system to either “Show a startup” (if you did not get one) or “Don’t show a startup” (if you did get one). Tools > Options > System > General Options > Startup Tools > Options > System > General Options > Startup Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Restart AutoCAD and verify that the system reset according to your expectations. Restart AutoCAD and verify that the system reset according to your expectations. Finish the exercise by resetting the system so that you Do get a Startup dialog box, then exit AutoCAD using the Exit command. Finish the exercise by resetting the system so that you Do get a Startup dialog box, then exit AutoCAD using the Exit command.

19 Startup Dialog Box Explanation Options: Options: Open a Drawing Open a Drawing Start from Scratch Start from Scratch Imperial Imperial Metric Metric Use a Template Use a Template Use a Wizard Use a Wizard Advanced Setup Advanced Setup Quick Setup Quick Setup

20 Startup - Opening a Drawing Shows most recently modified drawing files. Shows most recently modified drawing files. Browse Button – to access other drawing files in directory structure. Browse Button – to access other drawing files in directory structure. AutoCAD drawing files have a unique extension .dwg AutoCAD drawing files have a unique extension .dwg Example: bracket.dwg or hub.dwg Example: bracket.dwg or hub.dwg Most recently modified files Browse to open other file

21 Starts blank drawing file using standard template: Starts blank drawing file using standard template: Imperial - Imperial - units = feet and inches units = feet and inches Template file = acad.dwt Template file = acad.dwt Metric - Metric - units = millimeters units = millimeters Template file = acadiso.dwt Template file = acadiso.dwt Templates – standardized file formats with preset internal variables. Provided with AutoCAD or created by user. Templates – standardized file formats with preset internal variables. Provided with AutoCAD or created by user. Limits (drawing length and width) Limits (drawing length and width) Text Height Text Height Dimension Scale Dimension Scale Linetype Scale Linetype Scale AutoCAD template files have a distinct extension .dwt AutoCAD template files have a distinct extension .dwt Startup - Start From Scratch

22 Startup - Use a Template Starts a drawing file using standard AutoCAD or user defined template (.dwt). Starts a drawing file using standard AutoCAD or user defined template (.dwt). Drawing settings will match defined template properties. Drawing settings will match defined template properties. AutoCAD Templates: AutoCAD Templates: Standardized formats provided with AutoCAD. Standardized formats provided with AutoCAD. Typically found in AutoCAD Typically found in AutoCAD subfolder called Templates. User defined templates: User defined templates: Template file containing commonly used settings and objects. Template file containing commonly used settings and objects. Use Browser to locate user template. Use Browser to locate user template.

23 Startup - Use a Wizard Uses prompted info for drawing setup. Uses prompted info for drawing setup. Quick Setup Prompts: Quick Setup Prompts: Units Units Work area (width & Length) Work area (width & Length) Advanced Setup Prompts: Advanced Setup Prompts: Units Units Angle Angle Angle Measure Angle Measure Angle Direction Angle Direction Work Area (width & Length) Work Area (width & Length)

24 Show Startup dialog box options. Show Startup dialog box options. Open a Drawing Open a Drawing Start from Scratch Start from Scratch Use a Template Use a Template Use a Wizard Use a Wizard Demo

25 Exercise: Start AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Start AutoCAD by double-clicking the icon. Examine the Startup dialog box. Examine the Startup dialog box. Start a drawing by using a Wizard with Quick Setup. Start a drawing by using a Wizard with Quick Setup. Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Restart AutoCAD Restart AutoCAD Start a drawing using Template Ansi a – color dependent plot styles.dwt. Start a drawing using Template Ansi a – color dependent plot styles.dwt. Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Restart AutoCAD Restart AutoCAD Start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with English units. Start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with English units. Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Exit AutoCAD. DO NOT save your drawing! Restart AutoCAD Restart AutoCAD Start a drawing by using a Wizard with Advanced Setup. Start a drawing by using a Wizard with Advanced Setup.

26 End Lesson 1

27 Saving Your Work! As you work on an AutoCAD drawing, all data for the drawing resides in RAM memory on the computer. As you work on an AutoCAD drawing, all data for the drawing resides in RAM memory on the computer. If you close the AutoCAD session or some other misfortunate event occurs, ALL DATA WILL BE LOST! AND CANNOT BE RECOVERED! It’s enough to make a grown man (or woman) cry!…that is unless you have SAVED your session! If you close the AutoCAD session or some other misfortunate event occurs, ALL DATA WILL BE LOST! AND CANNOT BE RECOVERED! It’s enough to make a grown man (or woman) cry!…that is unless you have SAVED your session!

28 Saving Your Work! Top 8 Events that will make you cry! 1. Accidentally exiting AutoCAD. 2. AutoCAD bugs. 3. Failure of Microsoft Windows OS. 4. Power failure (frequent occurrence). 5. Unrecoverable error in drawing. 6. Network issues or shutdown. 7. Disrupting a network or power cable. 8. Missing an assignment due to above!

29 Saving Your Work! *Important – You should save to a folder on your NETWORK drive whenever possible! Network drives are backed up daily and can be recovered in the event of system failure. If you save to your local hard drive and the disk fails you are S.O.L.! If you save to your flash drive and loose it, you are S.O.L.! *Important – You should save to a folder on your NETWORK drive whenever possible! Network drives are backed up daily and can be recovered in the event of system failure. If you save to your local hard drive and the disk fails you are S.O.L.! If you save to your flash drive and loose it, you are S.O.L.! Hint: No excuses for late assignments unless its due to a network problem! Hint: No excuses for late assignments unless its due to a network problem!

30 Saving Your Work! Smart Save Tips: Save often! – it’s a good idea to save after every major change to a drawing. Save often! – it’s a good idea to save after every major change to a drawing. Create sensible file names that indicate the content. Create sensible file names that indicate the content. Create a running history of your save files for each particular assignment or project; Create a running history of your save files for each particular assignment or project; Ex: Assign1_Bracket A.dwg  1st major save Ex: Assign1_Bracket A.dwg  1st major save Assign1_Bracket B.dwg  2nd major save Etc. Create a logical folder structure to save to; Create a logical folder structure to save to; Create folders for each course (Draft I, CAD I, etc) Create folders for each course (Draft I, CAD I, etc) Create subfolders for assignments. Create subfolders for assignments. Create separate subfolder for class exercises (show subfolder example). Create separate subfolder for class exercises (show subfolder example).

31 Saving Your Work! Most common ways to Save are the File drop down menu commands: Most common ways to Save are the File drop down menu commands: Save & Save As… First time file is saved, a file name must be supplied. Either command will bring up the “Save As” dialog box for file name entry. First time file is saved, a file name must be supplied. Either command will bring up the “Save As” dialog box for file name entry. Subsequent saves: Subsequent saves: Save – saves to the existing drawing file name. No prompts or dialog box occurs. Save – saves to the existing drawing file name. No prompts or dialog box occurs. Save As - brings up same dialog box. If new name is provided, data is saved to that new file and current drawing session name is updated. Save As - brings up same dialog box. If new name is provided, data is saved to that new file and current drawing session name is updated.

32 Saving Your Work! Save As Dialog Box: Save As Dialog Box: Selects folder where file is saved Click to browse for a folder Enter file name to save to. Drawing name will update as well. Not necessary to include.dwg extension. Added automatically. Click Save after folder and file name are entered *NOTE: All AutoCAD files have a.dwg extension. This is how you identify them. Moves folder up one level. Pre-existing file name may be selected from this list. File will be overwritten.

33 Saving Your Work! Toolbar Quick Save: saves to the existing drawing file name. No prompts or dialog box occurs. Acts identical to Save from drop down menu. Toolbar Quick Save: saves to the existing drawing file name. No prompts or dialog box occurs. Acts identical to Save from drop down menu.

34 Save – Drop Down Menu: Save – Drop Down Menu: Open a new drawing and examine default file name. Open a new drawing and examine default file name. Show Save & Save As in drop down menu. Show Save & Save As in drop down menu. Show First save & subsequent saves. Show First save & subsequent saves. Demo

35 Opening and Closing Files You can open and close files at any time without leaving AutoCAD. You can open and close files at any time without leaving AutoCAD. Typically, such operations are performed with the File drop down menu. Typically, such operations are performed with the File drop down menu. Starts a new file. Initiates Start-Up dialog box (same as when you started AutoCAD). Opens an existing file. Initiates Select-File dialog box. Allows you to browse for desired file. Closes the active session. If the session has not been saved, a prompt to save will be initiated.

36 Opening and Closing Files: Opening and Closing Files: Open an existing file. Open an existing file. Open a new file. Open a new file. Close a file. Close a file. Demo

37 AutoCAD Screen Layout Drop Down Menu Toolbar Menus Status Bar Buttons Command Window Graphics Window Curser Crosshair Curser Coordinates Environment Tabs World CS Origin

38 Making AutoCAD Do Stuff AutoCAD uses Commands, Command Data, and System Variables in order to perform a particular function. AutoCAD uses Commands, Command Data, and System Variables in order to perform a particular function. Commands – user selected instructions telling AutoCAD which operation to perform. Commands – user selected instructions telling AutoCAD which operation to perform. Example: Line – creates a line Example: Line – creates a line Example: Circle – creates a circle Example: Circle – creates a circle Command Input Data – additional input data supplied by the user when issuing a command. Command Input Data – additional input data supplied by the user when issuing a command. Example: End points for creating a line with the Line command Example: End points for creating a line with the Line command System Variables – Internal AutoCAD data settings which determine how a particular AutoCAD command is performed. System Variables – Internal AutoCAD data settings which determine how a particular AutoCAD command is performed.

39 Command Input Redundant Commands – Redundant Commands – A specific command can typically be issued by various methods. A specific command can typically be issued by various methods. Don’t let this confuse you, it simply allows options for you to work in a manner you prefer. Don’t let this confuse you, it simply allows options for you to work in a manner you prefer. Methods for issuing a command: Methods for issuing a command: Keyboard / Command Line Keyboard / Command Line Drop Down Menus Drop Down Menus Toolbar Button Menus Toolbar Button Menus Be Observant - for all methods the Command Window prompts for command input data, indicates command status, and lists command history. Be Observant - for all methods the Command Window prompts for command input data, indicates command status, and lists command history.

40 Show AutoCAD layout. Show AutoCAD layout. Show various methods to issue one command. Show various methods to issue one command. Show response in Command Window. Show response in Command Window. Demo

41 Keyboard / Command Line: Type a command at command line prompt Command: followed by [Enter] Type a command at command line prompt Command: followed by [Enter] Command prompt (Command:) must first be displayed, otherwise a previous command is still active. Command prompt (Command:) must first be displayed, otherwise a previous command is still active. Use [Esc] to cancel previous command. Use [Esc] to cancel previous command. Advantages: Advantages: Often faster than searching through menus. Often faster than searching through menus. Disadvantages: Disadvantages: Requires memorizing command names. Requires memorizing command names. Must switch between mouse and keyboard. Must switch between mouse and keyboard. Command history Command line prompt or data input prompt

42 Drop Down Menus: Menus are cascading. Menus are cascading. Select command with left mouse button. Select command with left mouse button. Advantages: Advantages: Commands and options are listed. Commands and options are listed. Easier for beginners. Easier for beginners. Disadvantages: Disadvantages: Requires memorizing menu structure. Requires memorizing menu structure. Slow to access command. Slow to access command. Command history data input prompt Arrows indicate additional options or commands

43 Toolbar Menus: Hold mouse pointer over toolbar command to display tool-tip (name of command). Hold mouse pointer over toolbar command to display tool-tip (name of command). Select command icon with left mouse button. Select command icon with left mouse button. Advantages: Advantages: Quick access to displayed toolbar commands. Quick access to displayed toolbar commands. Easier for beginners. Easier for beginners. Disadvantages: Disadvantages: Requires memorizing icons. Requires memorizing icons. Only displayed toolbars are accessible. Only displayed toolbars are accessible. Not all command options are available. Not all command options are available. Toolbar menus can get crowded. Toolbar menus can get crowded. Command history data input prompt Tool-Tip for Line command

44 Toolbar Menus: Toolbar commands are grouped in logical categories; Toolbar commands are grouped in logical categories; Draw Toolbar, Modify Toolbar, etc. Draw Toolbar, Modify Toolbar, etc. Toolbar menus are configurable; Toolbar menus are configurable; Can be displayed or hidden. Can be displayed or hidden. Can be reshaped. Can be reshaped. Can be arranged anywhere on the screen. Can be arranged anywhere on the screen. Toolbar visibility is controlled by; Toolbar visibility is controlled by; Right mouse click on any toolbar. Right mouse click on any toolbar. Right click on toolbar

45 Issue command by keyboard. Issue command by keyboard. Show contents of drop down menus. Issue command by drop down menu. Show contents of drop down menus. Issue command by drop down menu. Show toolbar menus using tool-tips. Issue command by toolbar. Show toolbar menus using tool-tips. Issue command by toolbar. Configure toolbar; Configure toolbar; Change visibility Change visibility Change location Change location Change Shape Change Shape Demo

46 Toolbar Visibility Typically, toolbar visibility is controlled by a right mouse click on any toolbar. Typically, toolbar visibility is controlled by a right mouse click on any toolbar. Q: What if all toolbars are turned off? A: You must use the –TOOLBAR command. Command: -TOOLBAR Enter toolbar name or [ALL]: STANDARD Enter an option [Show/Hide/Left/Right/Top/Bottom/Float] : This command is also useful for turning ALL toolbars on (Show) or off (Hide). This command is also useful for turning ALL toolbars on (Show) or off (Hide).

47 Show –TOOLBAR command. Show –TOOLBAR command. Turn on (Show) all toolbars. Turn on (Show) all toolbars. Turn off (Hide) all toolbars. Turn off (Hide) all toolbars. Turn on the STANDARD toolbar. Turn on the STANDARD toolbar. Demo

48 Exercise: Use the –TOOLBAR command to hide all toolbars.Then use the –TOOLBAR command to show only the Standard toolbar. Use the –TOOLBAR command to hide all toolbars.Then use the –TOOLBAR command to show only the Standard toolbar. Use right mouse click to display the Dimension toolbar. Use right mouse click to display the Dimension toolbar. Move Dimension toolbar to the middle of the screen. Move Dimension toolbar to the middle of the screen. Reshape Dimension toolbar until approximately square. Reshape Dimension toolbar until approximately square. Use right mouse click to display the Object Snap toolbar. Use right mouse click to display the Object Snap toolbar. Embed Object Snap as a vertical column into the menu on the right side of the graphics screen. Embed Object Snap as a vertical column into the menu on the right side of the graphics screen. Display the View and Inquiry toolbars and embed them in the menu under the Standard toolbar. Display the View and Inquiry toolbars and embed them in the menu under the Standard toolbar.

49 Exercise: Use –TOOLBAR command to first hide all toolbars, and then to show only the Standard toolbar. Place as shown. Use –TOOLBAR command to first hide all toolbars, and then to show only the Standard toolbar. Place as shown. Display the Draw and Modify toolbars and arrange as shown. Display the Draw and Modify toolbars and arrange as shown. This layout will be used for class demonstrations. You should also maintain this toolbar arrangement for the initial portion of the course. We will add additional toolbars as the class progresses. This layout will be used for class demonstrations. You should also maintain this toolbar arrangement for the initial portion of the course. We will add additional toolbars as the class progresses. Draw & Modify Toolbars Standard Toolbar

50 Coordinate Space In AutoCAD, geometry such as lines and circles are created by locating points in space. In AutoCAD, geometry such as lines and circles are created by locating points in space. A Coordinate System is used as a reference for locating such points. In AutoCAD the primary CS is the World Coordinate System. A Coordinate System is used as a reference for locating such points. In AutoCAD the primary CS is the World Coordinate System. Points can be placed in the WCS using several Coordinate System Input Methods: Points can be placed in the WCS using several Coordinate System Input Methods: 2D Rectangular Coordinates 2D Rectangular Coordinates 2D Polar Coordinates 2D Polar Coordinates 3D Cartesian Coordinates 3D Cartesian Coordinates 3D Cylindrical Coordinates 3D Cylindrical Coordinates 3D Spherical Coordinates 3D Spherical Coordinates

51 Coordinate Space 2D Rectangular Coordinates (Cartesian): Plane defined by horizontal X and vertical Y axes. Plane defined by horizontal X and vertical Y axes. Origin (0,0) is intersection of X and Y axes. Origin (0,0) is intersection of X and Y axes. X coordinate measures horizontal distance from origin. X coordinate measures horizontal distance from origin. Y coordinate measures vertical distance from origin. Y coordinate measures vertical distance from origin. Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y pairs. Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y pairs. Ex: -3,5 -X +X +Y -Y X Y

52 Exercise: What are the X & Y coordinates of point: What are the X & Y coordinates of point: A B C D E Locate point at: Locate point at: -5, -4 -5, -4 6, 1.8 6, , , -1 -5, 4 -5, 4 -3,-5 -3,-5 X Y A B C D E

53 Coordinate Space 2D Polar Coordinates : Alternate method of defining points in an X-Y plane. Alternate method of defining points in an X-Y plane. Location defined by radial distance from origin and an angle. Radius (R) is the direct radial distance from origin to point. Radius (R) is the direct radial distance from origin to point. Theta (Ө) is angle between +X axis and radial line to point; Theta (Ө) is angle between +X axis and radial line to point; Counter-clockwise  about origin is positive angle. Counter-clockwise  about origin is positive angle. Clockwise  about origin is negative angle. Clockwise  about origin is negative angle. Convenient for defining inclined lines & used often in AutoCAD. Convenient for defining inclined lines & used often in AutoCAD. Origin 4.5<60 θ + -

54 Coordinate Space X Y Z Right Hand Rule: Used to determine positive direction of rotation about an axis. Used to determine positive direction of rotation about an axis. Point thumb along positive Z-axis, fingers point to positive rotation. Point thumb along positive Z-axis, fingers point to positive rotation. Useful for determining sign of angle in polar coordinate system. Useful for determining sign of angle in polar coordinate system. *Note - counter clockwise is positive (default positive rotation in ACAD) *Note - counter clockwise is positive (default positive rotation in ACAD)

55 Exercise: What are the Polar coordinates of point What are the Polar coordinates of point A (ex: 6  30º) A (ex: 6  30º) B C D E Give approximate Cartesian coordinates for the following points; Give approximate Cartesian coordinates for the following points; (4  90º) (4  90º) (2  180º) (2  180º) (4  -15º) (4  -15º) (6  330º) (6  330º) A B C D E X Y

56 AutoCad Coordinate System: Actual 3D Cartesian Coordinate System (X, Y, Z axes). Actual 3D Cartesian Coordinate System (X, Y, Z axes). Standard Graphics Screen looks & acts like a 2D Rectangular Coordinate System; Standard Graphics Screen looks & acts like a 2D Rectangular Coordinate System; X and Y axes shown X and Y axes shown Z coordinate = 0 (+Z axis directed out from screen). Z coordinate = 0 (+Z axis directed out from screen). Axes located at bottom left on graphic window. Axes located at bottom left on graphic window. Origin Coordinate Axes Positive Y direction Positive X direction

57 End Lesson 2

58 Drawing Lines Lines are the most fundamental objects in drafting. Lines are the most fundamental objects in drafting. We will start by creating straight lines. We will start by creating straight lines. Several methods for creating straight lines; Several methods for creating straight lines; Command line  we will start with this method. Command line  we will start with this method. Toolbar menu Toolbar menu Drop down menu Drop down menu Simultaneously, we will learn some commands for other basic functions which we will need. Simultaneously, we will learn some commands for other basic functions which we will need.

59 Drawing Lines Command can be terminated at any time; Command can be terminated at any time; Press [Enter], [Esc], or [Spacebar]. Press [Enter], [Esc], or [Spacebar]. Right click mouse and select Enter or Cancel from pop-up menu. Right click mouse and select Enter or Cancel from pop-up menu. Straight Lines – Command Method Example: Command: LINE  Specify first point: Specify next point or [Undo]: Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:  Input 1 st point (mouse pick or typed coordinates).  Undo (allows point to be reselected. Type U then [Enter]).  Input 2 nd point or Undo (allows point to be reselected. Type U then [Enter]).  Undo, or Close (draws line from last point to first point forming a closed polygon. Type C then [Enter]).  Input next point, Undo, or Close (draws line from last point to first point forming a closed polygon. Type C then [Enter]).

60 Show LINE command (command line & menu) Show LINE command (command line & menu) Show (U)ndo option. Show (U)ndo option. Show (C)lose option. Show (C)lose option. Show command termination methods. Show command termination methods. [Enter], [Esc], or [Spacebar]. [Enter], [Esc], or [Spacebar]. Right mouse click. Show escape from previously issued command. Right mouse click. Show escape from previously issued command. Demo

61 Drawing Lines Straight Lines – Menu Methods The same LINE command can be issued by using the Drop Down & Toolbar menus. The same LINE command can be issued by using the Drop Down & Toolbar menus. Line icon from Draw toolbar Draw > Line from drop down menu

62 Drawing Lines Straight Lines – Continue Option If line(s) have been created by executing the LINE command, and a new LINE command is issued, the Continue option can be invoked. If line(s) have been created by executing the LINE command, and a new LINE command is issued, the Continue option can be invoked. Continue starts a new line from the endpoint of the last series of lines. Continue starts a new line from the endpoint of the last series of lines. If a LINE command has been previously executed, continue as follows: If a LINE command has been previously executed, continue as follows: Command: LINE Command: LINE Program Response: Specify first point: Program Response: Specify first point: Press [Enter] or [Spacebar] to initiate line at previous endpoint, then continue defining line(s). Press [Enter] or [Spacebar] to initiate line at previous endpoint, then continue defining line(s).

63 Show LINE command Continue option. Show LINE command Continue option. Demo

64 Object Selection Many commands require a drawn object (i.e. line) to be selected in order to modify it or create a new object. Many commands require a drawn object (i.e. line) to be selected in order to modify it or create a new object. Object selection can be performed in various ways; Object selection can be performed in various ways; Left mouse pick on a single object. Left mouse pick on a single object. Type all at the Select object: prompt. Type all at the Select object: prompt. Select multiple objects by Window Option or Crossing Option. Select multiple objects by Window Option or Crossing Option. Left to right selects only items fully enclosed in box. Left to right selects only items fully enclosed in box. Right to left selects all items partially enclosed in box. Right to left selects all items partially enclosed in box Window Option – Left to RightCrossing Option – Right to Left Blue: Window Green: Crossing Box

65 Load file DEMO2.DWG. Load file DEMO2.DWG. For MOVE command show selection by; For MOVE command show selection by; Cursor Pick & unselect by [Shift] key Cursor Pick & unselect by [Shift] key ALL ALL Window Option Window Option Crossing Option Crossing Option Demo

66 Erasing Objects Command: ERASE Command: ERASE Select objects to erase using selection methods discussed. Select objects to erase using selection methods discussed. When done selecting, complete command by either; When done selecting, complete command by either; Pressing [Enter] or [Spacebar]. Pressing [Enter] or [Spacebar]. Right clicking mouse. Right clicking mouse. Alternate Method: Alternate Method: Pre-Select objects by any method. Pre-Select objects by any method. Press [Delete] key. Press [Delete] key.

67 Erasing Objects ERASE command using Modify Toolbar ERASE command using Modify drop down menu Menu Methods for Erasing Objects:

68 Load file DEMO2.DWG. Load file DEMO2.DWG. Show object selection methods. Show object selection methods. Show Erase commands. Show Erase commands. Demo

69 Exercise: If not already started, start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with Imperial units. If not already started, start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with Imperial units. Use the typed LINE command and mouse picks to draw approximately the shapes shown. Use the typed LINE command and mouse picks to draw approximately the shapes shown. Use the Undo option and ERASE command to correct mistakes. Use the Undo option and ERASE command to correct mistakes. Use the Close option and Continue options when appropriate. Use the Close option and Continue options when appropriate. Experiment with various termination methods; Experiment with various termination methods; [Enter], [Esc], [Spacebar], and Right mouse click. [Enter], [Esc], [Spacebar], and Right mouse click. After I’ve seen your results, practice erasing with various selection options. After I’ve seen your results, practice erasing with various selection options

70 Basic Display Commands Zooming and Panning: These are basic display functions used to manipulate your view of the object (graphic image). These are basic display functions used to manipulate your view of the object (graphic image). Zooming – visually reduces or enlarges the display image and (actual size & dimensions not altered). Zooming – visually reduces or enlarges the display image and (actual size & dimensions not altered). To zoom in (enlarge image) – rotate the scroll wheel on your mouse away from you. To zoom in (enlarge image) – rotate the scroll wheel on your mouse away from you. To zoom out (reduce image) – rotate the scroll wheel on your mouse towards you. To zoom out (reduce image) – rotate the scroll wheel on your mouse towards you. Panning – visually translates the display image on the screen (actual location in World CS is not altered). Panning – visually translates the display image on the screen (actual location in World CS is not altered). Depress the scroll wheel button and translate mouse in desired direction for display image movement. Depress the scroll wheel button and translate mouse in desired direction for display image movement. Many other methods & options. These are just 2 to get started. Many other methods & options. These are just 2 to get started.

71 Load file DEMO2.DWG. Load file DEMO2.DWG. Show Mouse Zoom Show Mouse Zoom Show Mouse Pan. Show Mouse Pan. Show double-click of middle mouse button for extents. Show double-click of middle mouse button for extents. Demo

72 Exercise: For Figure 1: For Figure 1: Draw the red segments (top to bottom) using the drop down menu Line command, then issue [Esc] to end the command. Draw the red segments (top to bottom) using the drop down menu Line command, then issue [Esc] to end the command. Use toolbar Line command with the Continue option to draw the green segments. Use toolbar Line command with the Continue option to draw the green segments. Erase all line segments. Erase all line segments. For Figure 2: For Figure 2: Draw your own rendition of a house using the Line command and options. Use Erase as necessary. Draw your own rendition of a house using the Line command and options. Use Erase as necessary. 1 2

73 Undoing a Command In the previous exercises, you probably made some mistakes which required you to erase and redraw. In the previous exercises, you probably made some mistakes which required you to erase and redraw. The undo command sequentially reverses the effects of each command previously executed. The undo command sequentially reverses the effects of each command previously executed. To undo the last executed command: To undo the last executed command: Command: U Or select from the Standard Toolbar. Or select Undo from the Standard Toolbar. If the undo was unintentional, the command reverses the effects of the last undo only. If the undo was unintentional, the REDO command reverses the effects of the last undo only. Command: REDO from the Standard Toolbar allows multiple redo. Redo from the Standard Toolbar allows multiple redo. Undo Redo

74 Undoing a Command Subtleties of Undoing a command: The UNDO command can be issued repeatedly to backtrack and undo several commands in sequence. The UNDO command can be issued repeatedly to backtrack and undo several commands in sequence. The typed REDO command only works once and must be issued immediately after the U command. REDO from the toolbar allows multiple undos in succession. The typed REDO command only works once and must be issued immediately after the U command. REDO from the toolbar allows multiple undos in succession. All graphics display commands are included in the Undo list. All graphics display commands are included in the Undo list. Don’t get confused! Don’t get confused! The U command should not be confused with the [Undo] option for line creation. The U command should not be confused with the [Undo] option for line creation. Even more confusing! Even more confusing! There is another undo command There is another undo command Command: UNDO rather than Command: U Command: UNDO is a more sophisticated form of undo which we will look at later. Command: UNDO is a more sophisticated form of undo which we will look at later.

75 Show undo via command U. Show undo via command U. Show redo via command REDO. Show redo via command REDO. Show undo/redo via toolbar button. Show undo/redo via toolbar button. Show undo/redo via toolbar button drop down. Show undo/redo via toolbar button drop down. Demo

76 Specifying Coordinates for Points Thus far…end points for lines have been specified by approximate mouse picks in the drawing plane. Thus far…end points for lines have been specified by approximate mouse picks in the drawing plane. What are the problems with using this method? What are the problems with using this method? 4 Accurate Methods for Defining Coordinates in AutoCAD: 4 Accurate Methods for Defining Coordinates in AutoCAD: Absolute Rectangular Coordinates Absolute Rectangular Coordinates Relative Rectangular Coordinates Relative Rectangular Coordinates Relative Polar Coordinates Relative Polar Coordinates Direct Distance Entry Direct Distance Entry

77 Specifying Coordinates for Points Absolute Rectangular Coordinates: Coordinates given with respect to origin (0,0) of World coordinate system. Coordinates given with respect to origin (0,0) of World coordinate system. Same as 2D Cartesian coordinate system discussed earlier. Same as 2D Cartesian coordinate system discussed earlier. Points specified as X,Y pairs separated by comma. Points specified as X,Y pairs separated by comma.Example: Command: line Specify first point: -4,-2 Specify next point or [Undo]: 2,-2 Specify next point or [Undo]: 2,1 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: -4,1 Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: close World

78 Exercise: Use the grid spacing to draw the object using Absolute Rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Use the grid spacing to draw the object using Absolute Rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord. 1 3,1 2 3,5 3 4,5 4 5,2 5 6,5 6 7,5 7 7,1 1 C

79 Specifying Coordinates for Points Coordinates given with respect to last input point (not the origin of the World CS). Coordinates given with respect to last input point (not the origin of the World CS). Behaves as if origin relocated to last input point. Behaves as if origin relocated to last input point. Points specified as X,Y pairs preceded with symbol and separated by a comma. Points specified as X,Y pairs preceded with symbol and separated by a comma. Example: Command: line Specify first point: 1,0 (Absolute Coords.) Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point or @-4,0 Relative Rectangular Coordinates:

80 Exercise: Use the grid spacing to draw the object using Relative Rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Use the grid spacing to draw the object using Relative Rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord. 1 3,

81 End Lesson 3

82 Specifying Coordinates for Points Relative Polar Coordinates: Coordinates given with respect to last input point (not origin of World CS). Coordinates given with respect to last input point (not origin of World CS). Locate by entering distance from last point to new point and angle of line between points from Positive X-axis. Locate by entering distance from last point to new point and angle of line between points from Positive X-axis. Point specified by distance r and angle  preceded with symbol. Point specified by distance r and angle  preceded with symbol.  = positive for  rotation.  = positive for  rotation.  = negative for  rotation.  = negative for  rotation. Example: Command: line Specify first point: 1,0 (Absolute Coords.) Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point or @4.2<135

83 Another Example of Polar Coordinates Example B: Command: line Specify first point: 1,0 Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point Example A: Command: line Specify first point: 1,0 Specify next point or Specify next point or Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Example A: Example B: All line lengths =

84 Exercise: Using only the dimensions on the drawing, draw the martini glass using relative polar coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Using only the dimensions on the drawing, draw the martini glass using relative polar coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord , Hint: this part is symmetric

85 Specifying Coordinates for Points Direct Distance: Coordinates given with respect to the last input point (not the World CS origin). Coordinates given with respect to the last input point (not the World CS origin). Similar to Relative Polar Coordinates but angle is determined by cross-hair position with respect to last point. Distance between the points is entered from keyboard. Similar to Relative Polar Coordinates but angle is determined by cross-hair position with respect to last point. Distance between the points is entered from keyboard. Points specified by distance r and cursor position. Points specified by distance r and cursor position.

86 Show use of Direct Distance for defining points. Show use of Direct Distance for defining points. Show Ortho Mode (F8). Show Ortho Mode (F8). Show Polar Tracking. Show Polar Tracking. Demo

87 Exercise: Use Direct Distance Entry to draw the given object. You must first set your polar tracking angle to 45º to draw the angled corners. Use Direct Distance Entry to draw the given object. You must first set your polar tracking angle to 45º to draw the angled corners. Hint: this part is symmetric

88 Modifying Objects Pick or enter a 2 nd point defining end of displacement path then press [Enter]. Selected objects move parallel to displacement path. Pick or enter a 2 nd point defining end of displacement path then press [Enter]. Selected objects move parallel to displacement path. Command: MOVE Select objects: Specify base point or [Displacement]: Specify second point of displacement or :  Select objects by any method discussed then press [Enter] or [Spacebar].  Pick or enter a point defining start of displacement path then press [Enter]. MOVE Command: Used to relocate and assemble objects. Used to relocate and assemble objects. Selected object(s) are displaced within the World CS. Selected object(s) are displaced within the World CS.

89 Load Demo4.dwg Load Demo4.dwg Show use of MOVE command. Show use of MOVE command. Absolute Coordinates Absolute Coordinates Relative Coordinates Relative Coordinates Demo

90 Move Command – Menu Method Move icon from Modify toolbar Modify > Move from drop down menu

91 Exercise: Draw the following object using the LINE command. Draw the following object using the LINE command. Use the MOVE command to move entire object so its lower left corner is at absolute coordinate (6,6). Zoom and Pan to center object on screen. Use the MOVE command to move entire object so its lower left corner is at absolute coordinate (6,6). Zoom and Pan to center object on screen. (2,2) Absolute Coordinates Each block = 1 unit Move object 3 units to right and 2 units down. Move object 3 units to right and 2 units down. Move lower horizontal line 1 unit down. Move lower horizontal line 1 unit down. Move upper horizontal line 1 unit up. Move upper horizontal line 1 unit up.

92 End Lesson 4

93 Drawing Circles Q: There are 6 methods for creating circles. Why so many options?. Q: There are 6 methods for creating circles. Why so many options?. Circle Creation Options: Circle Creation Options: Center and Radius Center and Radius Center and Diameter Center and Diameter 3 Point 3 Point 2 Point 2 Point Tangent Tangent Radius Tangent Tangent Radius Tangent Tangent Tangent Tangent Tangent Tangent

94 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – Center & Radius (default): Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Pick or enter center point for circle. Pick or enter center point for circle. Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] : Press [Enter] to accept default radius Press [Enter] to accept default radius Or Enter new radius (i.e. 3). Or Enter new radius (i.e. 3). Or Enter a point which lies on circumference (absolute or relative to center point). Or Enter a point which lies on circumference (absolute or relative to center point). Or Pick a point which lies on circumference (Drag circle). Or Pick a point which lies on circumference (Drag circle).Command: P1 P2

95 Load Demo4.dwg Load Demo4.dwg Circle – Center and Radius Circle – Center and Radius Default radius. Default radius. Enter radius. Enter radius. Pick a point which lies on circumference. Pick a point which lies on circumference. Enter absolute point which lies on circumference. Enter absolute point which lies on circumference. Enter relative point which lies on circumference. Enter relative point which lies on circumference. Demo

96 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – Center & Diameter: Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Pick or enter center point for circle. Pick or enter center point for circle. Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] : Enter D [Enter] for diameter option. Enter D [Enter] for diameter option. Specify diameter of circle : Press [Enter] to accept default diameter. Press [Enter] to accept default diameter. Enter new diameter (i.e. 6). Enter new diameter (i.e. 6). Enter a point (absolute or relative) - defines diameter by distance between point and center point. Enter a point (absolute or relative) - defines diameter by distance between point and center point. Pick a point - defines diameter by distance between point and center point. (Drag circle). Pick a point - defines diameter by distance between point and center point. (Drag circle).Command: P1 P2

97 Load Demo4.dwg Load Demo4.dwg Circle – Center and Diameter Circle – Center and Diameter Enter diameter. Enter diameter. Enter absolute point which defines diameter. Enter absolute point which defines diameter. Enter relative point which defines diameter. Enter relative point which defines diameter. Pick a point which defines diameter. Pick a point which defines diameter. Demo

98 Exercise: Use the CIRCLE command with the default center & radius option to create the pink circle in figure A. Use the CIRCLE command with the default center & radius option to create the pink circle in figure A. Use the CIRCLE command with the center & diameter option to create the blue circle in figure A. Use the CIRCLE command with the center & diameter option to create the blue circle in figure A. Use the MOVE command to center the pink circle in the blue circle as shown in figure B. Use the MOVE command to center the pink circle in the blue circle as shown in figure B. (0,0) Absolute Coordinates Each block = 1 unit A B

99 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – 3 Point Circle Any 3 non-linear points can define a circle. Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Enter 3P [Enter] for 3 point option. Enter 3P [Enter] for 3 point option. Specify first point on circle: Pick or enter first point on circle Pick or enter first point on circle Specify second point on circle: Pick or enter 2nd point on circle Pick or enter 2nd point on circle Specify third point on circle: Pick or enter 3rd point on circle Pick or enter 3rd point on circleCommand: P1P2P3

100 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – 2 Point Circle Any 2 points can define a circle diameter. Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Enter 2P [Enter] for 2 point option. Enter 2P [Enter] for 2 point option. Specify first end point of circle's diameter: Pick or enter first point. Pick or enter first point. Specify second end point of circle's diameter: Pick or enter 2nd point. Pick or enter 2nd point.Command: P1 P2

101 Exercise: Create the following circles as specified. Create the following circles as specified

102 Tangency Our next circle creation method requires understanding the meaning of Tangent. Our next circle creation method requires understanding the meaning of Tangent. Two objects (curves) are tangent if they touch at a single point without intersecting and have the same slope (direction) at that point. Two objects (curves) are tangent if they touch at a single point without intersecting and have the same slope (direction) at that point. Circle Tangent to Circle Circle Tangent to Line

103 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – Tangent Tangent Radius Creates a circle tangent to two objects (line, arc, or circle) and with specified radius. Command: CIRCLE Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: Enter T [Enter] for tan tan radius option. Enter T [Enter] for tan tan radius option. Specify point on object for first tangent of circle: Pick point on first object to which circle will be tangent. Pick point on first object to which circle will be tangent. Specify point on object for second tangent of circle: Pick point on second object to which circle will be tangent. Pick point on second object to which circle will be tangent. Specify radius of circle: Enter value. Enter value. Define radius by distance between 2 picked points. Define radius by distance between 2 picked points. Define radius by distance between 2 entered points. Define radius by distance between 2 entered points.Command: P1 P2 R

104 Drawing Circles CIRCLE – Tangent Tangent Radius Pick locations determine configuration of tangencies. Pick locations determine configuration of tangencies. Some combinations may have no solution! Some combinations may have no solution! P1 P2 P2 P1 Radius = 2

105 Load file Demo3.dwg. Load file Demo3.dwg. Circle – Tangent Tangent Radius Circle – Tangent Tangent Radius Demo

106 Drawing Circles – Menu Methods Circle Icon on Draw toolbar operates the same way as CIRCLE command Circle command on Draw Drop down menu has one additional option (tan tan tan). Tan tan tan option requires picking 3 objects for tangency, but no radius is input.

107 Exercise: Create the following: Line 1 - end points (4,1) (10,2). Line 1 - end points (4,1) (10,2). Circle 2 - center (2,4) and radius=2. Circle 2 - center (2,4) and radius=2. Circle 3 - through points (8,4) (10,6) (5.5,5.5). Circle 3 - through points (8,4) (10,6) (5.5,5.5). Circle 4 – Tangent to Line 1, Circle 2, and Circle 3. Circle 4 – Tangent to Line 1, Circle 2, and Circle 3. Circle 5 – Tangent to Line 1 and Circle 3, radius=1.5. Circle 5 – Tangent to Line 1 and Circle 3, radius=1.5. Circle 6 – Tangent to Line 1 and Circle 2, radius=2.75 Circle 6 – Tangent to Line 1 and Circle 2, radius=

108 REVIEW Quick Review of Commands We Have Learned: Command: LINE - Create a line Command: LINE - Create a line Command: ERASE - Erase or delete an object Command: ERASE - Erase or delete an object Command: U - Undo last command Command: U - Undo last command Command: REDO- Reverse effects of last undo. Command: REDO- Reverse effects of last undo. Command: MOVE- Moves object(s) a prescribed distance and direction. Command: MOVE- Moves object(s) a prescribed distance and direction. Command: CIRCLE - Creates a circle with various options. Command: CIRCLE - Creates a circle with various options.

109 Display Commands ZOOM – Reduces or enlarges display image. Similar to zoom function using scroll wheel on mouse, but with additional options. Window (default) Use Bounding box to select area you want to zoom in on. Extents All drawing objects are fitted to fill graphics window. Previous Display from previous zoom is regenerated. All Center Dynamic Scale ZOOM Object Zooms & centers selected object to full screen

110 Display Commands ZOOM Command Command: ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or [All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] : Window – specify bounding box. Window – specify bounding box. Extents – Type E [Enter]. Extents – Type E [Enter]. Alternate method: Don’t issue command; instead quickly double-click the scroll-wheel button on your mouse Alternate method: Don’t issue command; instead quickly double-click the scroll-wheel button on your mouse Previous – Type P [Enter]. Previous – Type P [Enter]. Object – Type O [Enter]. Then select object to zoom to. Object – Type O [Enter]. Then select object to zoom to.

111 Load file Demo2.dwg Load file Demo2.dwg Show Zoom Command: Show Zoom Command: Window Window Extents Extents Previous Previous Object Object Demo

112 Display Commands Zoom Window Zoom Previous Zoom Realtime Pan Realtime Zoom and Pan functions can also be accessed from the Standard Toolbar menu

113 Use the typed Zoom command with options as directed: Use the typed Zoom command with options as directed: Display all geometry - Extents option. Display all geometry - Extents option. Display only red circle – Object option. Display only red circle – Object option. Display all geometry – Previous option. Display all geometry – Previous option. Display blue line & green circle – Window option. Display blue line & green circle – Window option. Display all geometry - Extents option. Display all geometry - Extents option. When finished, experiment with toolbar zoom & pan options. When finished, experiment with toolbar zoom & pan options. Exercise: Create circles and lines approximately as shown. Create circles and lines approximately as shown.

114 End Lesson 5

115 Automatic Timed Saves Automatic Timed Saves: As a precaution against lost data, AutoCAD automatically saves your file to a temporary folder at periodic intervals while you work (  every 120 min without you knowing). As a precaution against lost data, AutoCAD automatically saves your file to a temporary folder at periodic intervals while you work (  every 120 min without you knowing). In other words, if you lose a file or data it may still be retrievable. You will need to see me to find out how. In other words, if you lose a file or data it may still be retrievable. You will need to see me to find out how. A WORD OF CAUTION: do not use this feature as an excuse for sloppy file management … the files may still be unrecoverable! A WORD OF CAUTION: do not use this feature as an excuse for sloppy file management … the files may still be unrecoverable! …Save early, Save Often!

116 Automatic Backups Automatic Backup Files: When you perform a save to an existing file, AutoCAD first creates a backup of the existing file (using a different extension) and then overwrites the existing file with the current session data. When you perform a save to an existing file, AutoCAD first creates a backup of the existing file (using a different extension) and then overwrites the existing file with the current session data. Example: If hub_1.dwg exists and I save to that file; Example: If hub_1.dwg exists and I save to that file; Existing hub_1.dwg data  hub_1.bak Current session data  hub_1.dwg The file icons for the.bak and.dwg files will appear different in Windows Explorer. The file icons for the.bak and.dwg files will appear different in Windows Explorer. Backup file is good in case you accidentally overwrite a file. Backup file is good in case you accidentally overwrite a file. You can use the backup file by changing its extension from.bak to.dwg. You can use the backup file by changing its extension from.bak to.dwg.

117 Show automatic backup files (.bak). Show automatic backup files (.bak). Change backup file to.dwg file and open. Change backup file to.dwg file and open. Demo

118 Opening Multiple Files In AutoCAD, multiple files may be open simultaneously. In AutoCAD, multiple files may be open simultaneously. Allows you to switch between multiple open sessions or display them together in a pattern for comparison via “tile”. Allows you to switch between multiple open sessions or display them together in a pattern for comparison via “tile”. Accessed thru the Window drop down. Accessed thru the Window drop down.

119 To Tile windows To switch between sessions

120 Show opening multiple files Show opening multiple files Show switching between files Show switching between files Show tiling files Show tiling files Demo

121 Basic Plotting Basic Plotting Requires Several Steps : 1)Select Plotter – We have two plotters available, so the correct plotter must be selected. Typically, use the Laser Printer for CAD I. 2)Select Paper Size – Choose a paper size which is supported by your selected plotter (remember standard sizes from Drafting I?). 3)Specify Plot Area – The entire drawing or just a portion may be plotted. Determine what portion of the drawing to plot. 4)Set Plot Scale – Most drawings conform to a particular scale (i.e. 1:2, 1:4). For our first exercises this is not required, but for later assignments an appropriate scale MUST be used!

122 Basic Plotting Basic Plotting Requires Several Steps : 5)Set the Plot Style Table – Select the More button , then select monochrome.ctb. This ensures all colored lines are black instead of gray scale. 6)Specify Paper Orientation – Portrait  or Landscape . We typically use  Landscape orientation. 7)Preview Plot – Often times, the plot will not appear as expected. You should ALWAYS preview the plot on your display screen before plotting. This saves wasted paper and toner (save a tree)! 8)Plot – Send the plot to the plotter and retrieve your hardcopy!

123 Basic Plotting A Plot can be initiated in 3 ways and they all do the same thing  bring up Plot Dialog Box Command: Plot Command: Plot File drop down menu > Plot… File drop down menu > Plot… Standard toolbar > Plot Standard toolbar > Plot Plot - File Drop down menu. Plot – Standard toolbar.

124 Basic Plotting Plot Dialog Box  Select Plotter  Specify Plot Area  Select Paper Size  Select Plot Scale  Select More button to expand

125 Basic Plotting Plot Dialog Box  Select Paper Orientation  Set Plot Style Table  Preview Plot

126 Basic Plotting – Basic Plotting – Show plot set up and basic options. Show plot set up and basic options. Demo

127 Start a new drawing. Start a new drawing. Draw a QUICK and SIMPLE self portrait (don’t be concerned if it doesn’t look like you…its just so you recognize the drawing when you pick it up at the plotter!). Draw a QUICK and SIMPLE self portrait (don’t be concerned if it doesn’t look like you…its just so you recognize the drawing when you pick it up at the plotter!). Plot your drawing using the following ; Plot your drawing using the following ; Plotter Device = Ask me Plotter Device = Ask me Paper Size = 8.5 x 11 Paper Size = 8.5 x 11 Plot Area = Window Plot Area = Window Center the Plot = Center the Plot = Scale = Scaled to Fit Scale = Scaled to Fit Plot Style Table = Monochrome.ctb Plot Style Table = Monochrome.ctb Paper Orientation = Landscape Paper Orientation = Landscape First do a Print Preview, then print your self portrait, retrieve it from the printer, and gaze in amazement! First do a Print Preview, then print your self portrait, retrieve it from the printer, and gaze in amazement! Exercise: Your Instructor

128 HELP! In some instances (OK many instances) you may be lacking knowledge of a particular AutoCAD topic. Even your instructor may not know the answer (hard to believe, but true)! In some instances (OK many instances) you may be lacking knowledge of a particular AutoCAD topic. Even your instructor may not know the answer (hard to believe, but true)! Command: Help Command: Help Help drop down menu > Help Help drop down menu > Help Standard toolbar >  Standard toolbar >  Standard Toolbar Help Help Drop Down Menu

129 HELP! Auto-CAD Help Dialog Box:

130 AutoCAD Help System AutoCAD Help System Show Contents Show Contents Show Index Show Index Show Search methods Show Search methods Demo

131 Exercise: Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to create a Donut, then create the drawing below (don’t include dimensions). Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to create a Donut, then create the drawing below (don’t include dimensions). Origin

132 REVIEW Quick Review of Commands We Have Learned: Command: Line- Create a line Command: Line- Create a line Command: Erase- Erase or delete an object Command: Erase- Erase or delete an object Command: U - Undo last command Command: U - Undo last command Command: Redo- Reverse effects of last undo. Command: Redo- Reverse effects of last undo. Command: Move- Moves object(s) a prescribed distance and direction. Command: Move- Moves object(s) a prescribed distance and direction. Command: Circle- Creates a circle with various options. Command: Circle- Creates a circle with various options. Command: Zoom- Enlarges or reduces display image. Command: Zoom- Enlarges or reduces display image. Command: Pan- Translates display image. Command: Pan- Translates display image. Command: Qsave -Saves session data to current file name. Command: Qsave -Saves session data to current file name. Command: Plot- Brings up Plot Dialog Box, allowing plot configuration, plot preview, and actual plot. Command: Plot- Brings up Plot Dialog Box, allowing plot configuration, plot preview, and actual plot. Command: Help- Starts AutoCAD Help dialogue box. Command: Help- Starts AutoCAD Help dialogue box.

133 End Lesson 6

134 Chapters 1 & 2 - The End Congratulation, you now know enough to be extremely dangerous!

135 RETIRED MATERIAL FOLLOWS:

136 Opening and Closing Files You can open and close files at any time without leaving AutoCAD. You can open and close files at any time without leaving AutoCAD. Multiple sessions/files may be open simultaneously. Multiple sessions/files may be open simultaneously. Typically, such operations are performed with the File drop down menu. Typically, such operations are performed with the File drop down menu. Starts a new file. Initiates Start-Up dialog box (same as when you started AutoCAD). Opens an existing file. Initiates Select-File dialog box. Allows you to browse for desired file. Closes the active session. If the session has not been saved, a prompt to save will be initiated.

137 Saving Your Work! Save – Other Methods: Command: Save Command: Save Command: Saveas Command: Saveas Both of these commands act identical to the Save As… command from the drop down menu. The Save AS dialog box will appear in both cases. Both of these commands act identical to the Save As… command from the drop down menu. The Save AS dialog box will appear in both cases. Command: Qsave Command: Qsave Acts identical to the Save command from the drop down menu. No prompt or dialogue box will appear unless it’s the first time saved. The current drawing name file is written over with current session data. Acts identical to the Save command from the drop down menu. No prompt or dialogue box will appear unless it’s the first time saved. The current drawing name file is written over with current session data. Toolbar Quick Save: Toolbar Quick Save: Acts identical to the command line Qsave. Acts identical to the command line Qsave.

138 Exercise: If not already started, start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with English units. If not already started, start a drawing by using Start From Scratch with English units. Browse through the various Drop down and toolbar menus and just examine what’s in there. Browse through the various Drop down and toolbar menus and just examine what’s in there. Then locate the following commands as directed, but DO NOT issue the command. Then locate the following commands as directed, but DO NOT issue the command. Tip: use tool-tips to display the toolbar command names. Polyline command - drop down menus. Polyline command - drop down menus. Circle command - toolbar menus. Circle command - toolbar menus. Array command - toolbar menus. Array command - toolbar menus. Rotate command - drop down menus. Rotate command - drop down menus. 3-Point Arc command - drop down menus. 3-Point Arc command - drop down menus. Help command – toolbar menus. Help command – toolbar menus.

139 Dialog Boxes Some commands use a dialog box for command data input. Some commands use a dialog box for command data input. Set the required Toggle Buttons, Slider Bars, Edit Boxes, etc. then left click OK. Set the required Toggle Buttons, Slider Bars, Edit Boxes, etc. then left click OK. Toggle Buttons Edit Boxes Slide Bars Activate Command with left mouse click

140 Coordinate Space 2D Rectangular Coordinate System (Cartesian): Plane defined by X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) axes. Plane defined by X (horizontal) and Y (vertical) axes. Origin (0,0) is intersection of X and Y axes. Origin (0,0) is intersection of X and Y axes. X coordinate measures horizontal distance from origin. X coordinate measures horizontal distance from origin. Y coordinate measures vertical distance from origin. Y coordinate measures vertical distance from origin. Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y pairs. Ex: -3,5 Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y pairs. Ex: -3,5 Axes divide coordinate plane into 4 quadrants I, II, III, and IV. Axes divide coordinate plane into 4 quadrants I, II, III, and IV. -X +X +Y -Y X Y I II III IV

141 Exercise: What are the X & Y coordinates of point What are the X & Y coordinates of point A B C D E Give the quadrant for the following points; Give the quadrant for the following points; (-5, -4) (-5, -4) (6, 1.8) (6, 1.8) (2.4, -1) (2.4, -1) (-5, 4) (-5, 4) Locate point at; Locate point at; (-3,-5)…. (-3,-5)…. X Y A B C D E

142 Coordinate Space 2D Polar Coordinate System: Alternate method of defining points in an X-Y plane. Alternate method of defining points in an X-Y plane. Location defined by radial distance from origin and an angle. Radius (R) is the direct radial distance from origin to point. Radius (R) is the direct radial distance from origin to point. Theta (Ө) is the angle between the +X axis and the radial line to the point; Theta (Ө) is the angle between the +X axis and the radial line to the point; Counter-clockwise about +Z axis is positive angle. Counter-clockwise about +Z axis is positive angle. Clockwise about +Z axis is negative angle. Clockwise about +Z axis is negative angle. Convenient for defining inclined lines & used often in AutoCAD. Convenient for defining inclined lines & used often in AutoCAD. Ө R Origin 4.5  30º

143 Coordinate Space 3D Cartesian Coordinate System: 3D space defined by 3 mutually perpendicular axes X, Y, Z. 3D space defined by 3 mutually perpendicular axes X, Y, Z. Origin is intersection of X, Y, and Z axes (0,0,0). Origin is intersection of X, Y, and Z axes (0,0,0). X and Y coordinates similar to 2D Cartesian system; Z coordinate adds depth. X and Y coordinates similar to 2D Cartesian system; Z coordinate adds depth. Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y, Z values. Ex: (0,4,0) Coordinates of a point are indicated by X, Y, Z values. Ex: (0,4,0) This system used in AutoCAD. For 2D drafting, Z=0  simulates 2D system. This system used in AutoCAD. For 2D drafting, Z=0  simulates 2D system. Common system used for 3D wireframe & 3D Solid Modeling. Common system used for 3D wireframe & 3D Solid Modeling. Negative X Positive X Negative Z Negative Y XY PositiveZ Positive Z Z Positive Y

144 Coordinate Space Right Hand Rule: Specifies direction and sign (positive or negative) of the axes (X,Y,Z) for a Cartesian coordinate system. Specifies direction and sign (positive or negative) of the axes (X,Y,Z) for a Cartesian coordinate system. Fingers point in positive direction. Fingers point in positive direction. +X+X+X +Y+Y +Z +X-X+Y-Y +Z -Z

145 Coordinate Space 3D Cylindrical and Spherical Coordinate Systems: Similar to 2D polar system; Similar to 2D polar system; For Cylindrical system, depth added by additional linear coordinate along Z-axis. For Cylindrical system, depth added by additional linear coordinate along Z-axis. For Spherical system, depth added by additional angular coordinate from X-axis in the X-Z plane. For Spherical system, depth added by additional angular coordinate from X-axis in the X-Z plane. Ө R 3D Cylindrical System 3D Spherical System

146 Exercise: Use the grid spacing to draw the object using absolute rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Use the grid spacing to draw the object using absolute rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord. 1 3,1 2 3,6 3 4,6 4 4,2 5 5,2 6 6,3 7 7,3 8 7,1 9 3,1

147 Exercise: Use the grid spacing to draw the object using relative rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Use the grid spacing to draw the object using relative rectangular coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord. 1 3,

148 Exercise: Using only the dimensions on the drawing, create the object using relative polar coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. Using only the dimensions on the drawing, create the object using relative polar coordinates. Only refer to the table at left if you get stuck. PntCoord. Pnt Coord , Hint: this part is symmetric

149 Exercise: Use Direct Distance Entry to draw the given object. You must set your polar tracking angle to 45º to draw the chamfered corners. Use Direct Distance Entry to draw the given object. You must set your polar tracking angle to 45º to draw the chamfered corners.

150 Exercise: (p.1) Using Windows Explorer, create a folder named CAD I – Class Exercises unless you already have a similar folder. Using Windows Explorer, create a folder named CAD I – Class Exercises unless you already have a similar folder. Start up AutoCAD if not already up. Start up AutoCAD if not already up. Close any open files using Close in the File drop down menu. Close any open files using Close in the File drop down menu. Start a new file using the File drop down menu (Use start from scratch with English units). Start a new file using the File drop down menu (Use start from scratch with English units). Draw a circle. Draw a circle. Save your file as Circle 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the File drop down menu. Save your file as Circle 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the File drop down menu. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Notice Circle 1.dwg. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Notice Circle 1.dwg. Save your file again as Circle 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the Qsave toolbar. Save your file again as Circle 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the Qsave toolbar. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Notice Circle 1.bak and Circle 1.dwg. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Notice Circle 1.bak and Circle 1.dwg.

151 Exercise: (p.2) Start a new file using the File drop down menu (Use start from scratch with English units). Start a new file using the File drop down menu (Use start from scratch with English units). Draw 1 line. Draw 1 line. Save your file as Line 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the File drop down menu. Save your file as Line 1.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using the File drop down menu. Examine the file name at the top of the AutoCAD screen. Examine the file name at the top of the AutoCAD screen. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Draw a second line. Draw a second line. Save your file as Line 2.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using Save As… in the File drop down menu. Save your file as Line 2.dwg in CAD I – Class Exercises using Save As… in the File drop down menu. Examine the file name at the top of the AutoCAD screen. Examine the file name at the top of the AutoCAD screen. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises. Use Explorer to examine the contents of CAD I – Class Exercises.

152 Exercise: (p.3) Click on the Window drop down menu. Click on the Window drop down menu. Notice the folder path and file names of the 2 files at the bottom of the Window drop down menu. These are the session files you currently have open. The check mark indicates the active session (Line 2.dwg). Notice the folder path and file names of the 2 files at the bottom of the Window drop down menu. These are the session files you currently have open. The check mark indicates the active session (Line 2.dwg). Click on Circle 1.dwg at the bottom of the Window drop down menu. It should become active. Click on Circle 1.dwg at the bottom of the Window drop down menu. It should become active. Alternately activate each session until you are comfortable with the process. Alternately activate each session until you are comfortable with the process. Activate Circle 1.dwg, then close it using the File drop down menu. Activate Circle 1.dwg, then close it using the File drop down menu. Open Line 1.dwg, using the File drop down menu. Open Line 1.dwg, using the File drop down menu. Close Line 2.dwg, using the File drop down menu. Line 1.dwg should be the only active session. Check this by viewing the Window drop down menu. Close Line 2.dwg, using the File drop down menu. Line 1.dwg should be the only active session. Check this by viewing the Window drop down menu.

153 Exercise: Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to draw an arc using a Start point, Center point, and End point. Then draw an arc using the folowing data: Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to draw an arc using a Start point, Center point, and End point. Then draw an arc using the folowing data: Start Point = (5, 0) Start Point = (5, 0) Center Point = (2, 2) Center Point = (2, 2) End Point = (2, ) End Point = (2, )

154 Exercise: Solution Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to draw an arc using a Start point, Center point, and End point. Then draw an arc using the folowing data: Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to draw an arc using a Start point, Center point, and End point. Then draw an arc using the folowing data: Start Point = (5, 0) Start Point = (5, 0) Center Point = (2, 2) Center Point = (2, 2) End Point = (2, ) End Point = (2, ) (0,0) Start (5,0) End (2,5.6056) Center (2,2)

155 Exercise: Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to create a filled Donut, then create the drawing below (don’t include dimensions). Using AutoCAD Help, determine how to create a filled Donut, then create the drawing below (don’t include dimensions). Origin


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