Presentation on theme: "ENGT 122 – CAD I Title Blocks & Templates PLUS"— Presentation transcript:
1 ENGT 122 – CAD I Title Blocks & Templates PLUS Chapter 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text
2 Title BlocksAssignment 9 requires you to make A-size and B-size title blocks.A-Size for A-size sheets (8½x11).B-Size for B-size sheets (11x17).The dimensions for lines and text should be as specified on the handouts.Text style should use an Arial font (you will soon learn what this means).
3 Title BlocksThe title block elements should be arranged on separate layers which can be identified as title block elements.Example:Layer NameLinetypeLine ColorLine WeightPlotTB-BorderContinuouswhite0.7 mmyesTB-TextdefaultTB-Constructgrayno
4 Title Blocks Elements *NOTE: All text should be capitalized Edge of Sheet*NOTE: All text should be capitalizedBorder (.7 mm)Assignment # goes here.Problem # or Exercise # goes here.Sheet size (A, B, etc)
5 Title Blocks & Templates You should save a copy of each title block in a safe place in your home folder.You can also create templates from copies of each title block file.When you need to create several drawings that use the same conventions and default settings, you can save time by creating a template file instead of specifying the conventions and default settings each time you start a new drawing.Read your text Chapter 30 (pp 30-1 thru 30-14) for information on template file creation and use.
6 Title Blocks & Templates Conventions & settings commonly stored in template files :Unit type and precisionTitle blocks, borders, and logosLayer definitionsSnap, Grid, and Ortho settingsRunning OSNAP settingsDimension stylesText stylesEtc.
7 Title Blocks & Templates Template Matrix :It is common to have several template files for various purposes based on sheet size and units.A typical matrix of templates could include;A-size sheet with English unitsA-size sheet with Metric unitsB-size sheet with English unitsB-size sheet with Metric unitsEnglish vs. Metric Default SettingsDifferent linetype file loaded (segment lengths vary)Different hatch pattern file loaded (hatch size varies)Different dimension style default valuesTitle blocks for English & Metric drawings are identical
8 Title Blocks & Templates By default, drawing template files are stored in the AutoCAD template folder, where they are easily accessible.Template files must have a .dwt extension.To create a template file:You can start with the file containing one of your title blocks. Then add standard layers, text styles, Osnap settings, etc.Save your file using SAVEAS, but first select AutoCAD Drawing Template from File of Type box.The file will be saved as a template file (.dwt) in the AutoCAD Template folder.Select file type .dwt
9 Title Blocks & Templates You can use the template file when you start a new drawing, and all the information stored in the file (title, block, layers, etc.) will be available.To use your drawing Template File;Start a new drawing using File > NewSelect the Use a Template button to display the list of available templates.Select your template file and click OK. The stored data will be in your drawing.Once you’ve completed your drawing, save it as a regular .dwg file in your working folder.This button
10 Title Block ScalingIn previous assignments a rectangular border was scaled up or down to determine the plot scale. Your title block should be used in the same manner.For an A-size sheet, the A-size title block template should be used. For a B-size sheet, the B-size title block template should be used.Use the SCALE command to scale your title block (including border) by the inverse of the anticipated plot scale factor.Examples: If an A-size sheet will be used and the plot scale factor is 1:4, the title block should be scaled by a factor of 4 prior to creating the drawing. Then when plotted at 1:4, the title block dimensions on paper will match those in your title block handouts and assignment sheet.
11 Title Block Scaling Another example: Examples: If a B-size sheet will be used and the plot scale factor is 2:1, the title block should be scaled by a factor of ½ prior to creating the drawing. Then when plotted at 2:1, the title block dimensions on paper will match those in your title block handouts and assignment sheet.If the scale factor is 1:1, the title block should not be scaled.
12 Alternative - Title Blocks The title blocks specified on the assignment sheet are required. However, you may create and use an alternative title block similar to that shown which provides more drawing area.If you choose to create an alternative style as well, it should be laid out according to the following files located in;Outbox\1st Year Students\CAD I\Handouts\Alt-A1-Construct.wmfAlt-B1-Construct.wmf
14 Chapter 7 – Controlling Drawing Display & Creating Text
15 Display CommandsRedraw Command – redraws the screen and removes Blip marks and other remnants caused by modifying geometry.Command: REDRAWDDMenu: View > RedrawRegen Command – redraws the screen like REDRAW, but completely recalculates all objects.Command: REGENALLDDMenu: View > Regen All
16 Creating Text Two primary commands for creating text: Single Line Text Command: TEXTMulti-Line TextCommand: MTEXTBoth text methods can also beaccessed through the DRAWdrop down menu.
17 Single Line Text Single Line Text use TEXT command. Single Line Text is a misnomer – allows multiple text lines with single command, but each line is a separate object.Requires the following inputs (but other options available);Start Point – this is the text insertion point. Pick a location or enter coordinates from keyboard.Text Height – press [Enter] to accept default or give height by entering a value or using mouse pick (height defined by distance from start point to height pick point).Rotation angle – text can be angled. Enter an angle value by entering a value (pos. = from x-axis) or using mouse pick (angle defined by line from start point to pick point).Text - Enter text to display.
18 Single Line TextOnce Start Point, Text Height, and Rotation Angle are input, a line symbol () and box will appear indicating the Start Point, Text Height, and Rotation Angle.If not what you expected, issue [Esc] to exit command.Otherwise enter text and issue [Enter].Command will remain active so additional lines of text can be entered (*Note – backspace will continue to previous lines).End command by pressing [Enter] twice.
19 DEMO 1: Show TEXT command. Identify Justify and Style Options. Methods for specifying height.Methods for specifying rotation.Multiple line text.
20 Exercise 1: Use the TEXT command to create the following. All text having the same color should be made with a single TEXT command.Text height: red text = 0.25, green text = use a pick point to define height about as shown.
21 Single Line Text Justify Options Justify Option: Text you just created was Left Justified (lower left corner of text string was aligned with specified start point).Justify option allows you to alter this alignment. The alignment determines what part of the text aligns with the start point.Command: TextCurrent text style: "Standard" Text height:Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: JEnter an option[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR]:Justify Options
22 Single Line Text Justify Option: Alignment determines what part of the text aligns with the start point.Indicated points will correspond with Start Point when that option is selected.Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR
23 Single Line Text Examples: Justify Option: Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BRExamples:
24 Single Line Text Examples: Justify Option: The Align & Fit options act different than other Justify options.Align – text height and width are expanded to fill between 2 selected points. Height and width remain proportional. No height specification required.Fit – similar to Align except Text Height is input. Height and width are not necessarily proportional.Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BRExamples: Align Fit
25 Single Line Text Justify Option: A Justify option can be invoked without issuing (J)ustify. Just enter specified letter(s) identifying alignment type when Start Point prompt appears.Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BRExample:Command: TEXTCurrent text style: "Standard" Text height:Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: BCSpecify bottom-center point of text:….
26 DEMO 2: Load file Demo2.dwg Show TEXT command Justify Options. Justify – Center, Middle, etc.Justify - FitJustify - Align
27 Exercise 2:Create the colored lines and rectangles using indicated dimensions.Use Only the TEXT command to create text with the indicated height and position (No moving the text and no extra construction lines).
29 Single Line Text Style Option: You probably noticed the ugly, blocky text style which AutoCAD creates…not to worry, we can change this.The Style option allows you to select another Existing style (a style must first be created using the STYLE command).A new text style can be entered or a ? will display the available Existing text styles.Command: TEXTCurrent text style: "Standard" Text height:Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: SEnter style name or [?] <Standard>: Enter Name of new Style…
30 Single Line Text Text Style System Variable: The default text style can be preset using system variable TEXTSTYLE or through the Styles toolbar.Command: TEXTSTYLEEnter new value for TEXTSTYLE <"Standard">: Provide a Style NameStyles ToolbarStyles Toolbar
31 Single Line Text Style Command: Before the Style option can be used, a new text style must be created.Command: STYLEDDMenu: Format > Text Style…Both methods bring up the Text Style dialog box.
32 DEMO 3A: Show how to create a new text style. Command: STYLE DDMenu: Format > Text Style…Create a new styleShow Style option in TEXT command.
33 Exercise 3: Create the text table shown as follows: Create the first line of text (green) using a style , font, and height of your choice.Then create 2 additional text styles (shown in red and yellow) as defined in lines 2 and 3. (keep Height = 0.0 when you create the new styles)Create the text in lines 2 and 3 using the text height and style indicated.
34 Single Line Text STYLE Command: Important points about the STYLE command:The default height is set to If you change this value, you will not be prompted for height when TEXT is issued.More flexible to leave height set to default 0.00.Text Height:Standards for text height are based on plotted size = 0.125”.Plotted text height is affected by the plot scale factor.To achieve the correct plotted text size, use a text height equal to the desired plotted height multiplied by the inverse of the plot scale factor.Example: To achieve 1/8” plotted text for a plot scaled at 1:4. the text height in AutoCAD should be 1/2”.
35 Single Line Text Text Scaling: Many times you will need to change the text height before plotting to get the correct plotted text height. The SCALETEXT command accomplishes this.Command: SCALETEXTSelect objects: Select desired textEnter a base point option for scaling[Existing/Left/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/BL/BC/BR] <Existing>: Existing Start point or select otherSpecify new height or [Match object/Scale factor] <0.2000>: Enter height or option.
36 DEMO 3B: Load demo file Demo3B.dwg. Check existing text height using PROPERTIES.Find scale factor using border scaling.Show use of SCALETEXT vs SCALE command for scaling text.
37 Single Line Text Special Characters: Some common drafting symbols require special characters. Examples:Diameter symbol Ø5.5 %%cDegrees symbol 35º %%dPlus/Minus ±2.21 %%pUnderscore Underscore %%uType the control characters as specified to get the indicated symbol.The underscore symbol %%u acts as a toggle. Place before and after the characters to be underscored.AutoCAD Control Characters
38 DEMO 4: Show use of special characters in Single Line Text. Diameter symbol Ø5.5 %%cDegrees symbol 35º %%dPlus/Minus ±2.21 %%pUnderscore Underscore %%uPercent sign % %%%
39 Exercise 4:Create the following text which includes special characters. Use the height and angle specified if indicated.For Reference Only:Ø5.5 %%c35º %%d±2.21 %%pUnderscore %%u% %%%
41 Multiline Text Multi-Line Text - MTEXT command: Multi-Line Text should actually be called paragraph text.Many of the same functions as TEXT command, just implemented in a different way.The text object created by MTEXT is a single object regardless of the number of text lines. For single line text (TEXT), each line is a separate object.Allows more formatting options than for TEXT.
42 Multiline Text Creating Multiline Text Command: MTEXT Draw Toolbar Menu:DDMenu: Draw > Text > Multiline TextAll methods activate the Multiline Text Editor.
43 Multiline Text Multiline Text Editor Consists of 2 Parts: Text Formatting BoxSets the general text style.Sets the font for individual letters or words.Sets general text height.Allows formatting and color changes.Text BoxWidth of ruler indicates location for text wrap.
44 DEMO 5: Load file Demo 5.dwg. Show MTEXT Command. Text Style Separate FontsText HeightColorTabs and Paragraph FormatExpanding width (drag ruler)
45 Exercise 5:Create a new text style called Ex5 using the Sans Serif font and a default text height of zero (0).Use MTEXT and type the entire text using text style Ex5.Then apply text formatting to modify the text EXACTLY as shown. The “wrap” location and paragraph formatting can be applied when you are nearly finished.
46 Multiline Text Multiline Text - Additional Items Stacked Characters – for some special effects Stacked Characters are required.Text is separated by a special character and converted to stacked characters using the STACK button.
47 DEMO 6: Demonstrate Stacked characters. Show PROPERTIES for stacked characters.
48 Exercise 6:Recreate the table below using MTEXT and stacked characters.Tab inserts may be useful.Use the following data:Font = ArialText height = 0.125”
49 Multiline Text Multiline Text Additional Items Right clicking in the text box displays a shortcut menu with several additional useful options
50 DEMO 7: Demonstrate Shortcut Menu. Copy & Paste Change Case Symbol Must have Cap Locks and AutoCaps offImport Text (Demo7.txt)
51 Editing Text Many Methods to Edit Text: DDEDIT command Select a text object as directed.Text dialog box used to create the text will appear.Make necessary changes and click OK.Select next text to edit, etc.Double Click on textPerforms the same way as DDEDIT, but each item must be double clicked with mouse to activate.PROPERTIES CommandUse Properties dialog box to make changes.
52 DEMO 8: Load file Demo 8.dwg Demonstrate text edit using DDEDIT Demonstrate text edit by double click.
53 Editing Text Edit Text using PROPERTIES Command: Command: PROPERTIES Or activate Properties by shortcut menu. Highlight text and right mouse click.Both methods activate Properties dialog box.Use [Esc] to unhighlight text and activate a new text object for editing.If multiple items are selected, common properties can be modified for all items simultaneously (i.e. text color or size).
54 DEMO 9:Load file Demo 8.dwgDemonstrate text edit using PROPERTIES
58 Display CommandsZoom Command – we have looked at several zoom options, now for the rest.ScaleZooms by specified scale factor using several options.WindowZOOMAllZooms to drawing Limits or Extents (which ever is greater).PreviousExtentsCenterZooms to specified center point and specified height.Dynamic
59 Display Commands ZOOM Command Command: ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>:ALL – Type A [Enter] – zooms to drawing limits or extents (all drawn objects zoomed to fit screen), which ever is larger.Center – Type C [Enter] – enter center of area to zoom, then provide an absolute height value by point picks or entering value for height.
60 Display Commands ZOOM Command Command: ZOOM Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: SEnter a scale factor (nX or nXP):Scale – Type S [Enter]Default option - input a scale factor. Scales display with respect to limits setting. If (value=1), zooms to size of limits , but not necessarily centered. Smaller value reduces scale and shows object as smaller.Scale Relative to Current Display – enter a value followed by X (i.e. 2X ). Display will be zoomed 2 times current value for this example. 0.5X will zoom to half current size.
61 Exercise 1: Create circles and lines approximately as shown. Use the typed Zoom command with options as directed:Set your limits to 12 x 9. Display all geometry – ALL optionReset your limits to 24 x 18 and turn on GridUse Zoom with ALL option again to see the effect.Display only red circle – Center opt. & point picks for height.Display all geometry – Scale option (default input).Use the Scale option using #X input format to incrementally zoom out (0.75X) and then incrementally zoom back in (1.25X).
62 Multiline Text Multi-Line Text - MTEXT command. The text object created by MTEXT is a single entity regardless of the number of text lines. For single line text (TEXT), each line is a separate entity.Allows more formatting options than for TEXT command.Individual characters can be formatted separately.Additional symbols can be added easily.Paragraph can be formatted for line spacing, tab control, and line return width.
63 Exercise 5:Create a new text style called Ex5 using the Sans Serif font and a default text height of zero (0).Use MTEXT and type the entire text using text style Ex5.Then apply text formatting to modify the text EXACTLY as shown. The “wrap” location and paragraph formatting can be applied when you are nearly finished.
64 Exercise 6:Recreate the table below using MTEXT and stacked characters.Tab inserts may be useful.Use the following data:Font = ArialYellow text height = 0.3”Red text height = 0.2”Blue text height = 0.2”
65 AS TIME ALLOWS Exercise 7: Create a text file using Notepad and type the following then save the file as Exerc8.txt where you can find it.Entry# Length(inches) Angle(degrees) ToleranceAS TIME ALLOWSUse MTEXT to import the text. Then use the shortcut menu to edit the text as shown below. Use the tab/indent, special symbols, and any other required editing options.№►