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This program is created by: The Eyes In The Woods Association Inc. In cooperation with: The Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife Enforcement.

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Presentation on theme: "This program is created by: The Eyes In The Woods Association Inc. In cooperation with: The Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife Enforcement."— Presentation transcript:


2 This program is created by: The Eyes In The Woods Association Inc. In cooperation with: The Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife Enforcement Program This WDFW Enforcement Officers Instructors Manual and Presentation is exclusively for conducting the Eyes In The Woods Association Crime Observation and Reporting Training, certifying citizen volunteers. The Eyes In The Woods Associations Inc. retains all rights to this material and must approve any reproduction of, or distribution of, this manual/presentation or any of its contents. C.O.R.T Instructors Manual

3 C.O.R.T Pre-Amble This manual and presentation is designed to assist officers in the training of volunteers willing to assist in the protection of our fish and wildlife resources. Our goal is to increase the accuracy of citizens reporting violations and to create a deterrent factor through public awareness. In presenting this short course, the officer should keep in mind that the audience has volunteered to be there because they are interested in helping fish and wildlife officers. When presenting the guidelines, the officer may never find a more receptive audience or more sincere questions. In a career, Fish & Wildlife Officers are continually challenged by people who witness wildlife violations and are unwilling to “get involved”, or more frustrating yet, give incomplete or inaccurate information that botches an investigation. Conversely, officers should realize the frustration experienced by witnesses when a law enforcement professional fails to “close the loop” in getting back to the witness for an interview, to report progress (or lack of it), or to merely thank the witness for the extra effort it took them to get involved.

4 Table of Contents Introduction --------------------------------------------------------------------------Page 1 Officers Briefing ---------------------------------------------------------------------Page 2-8 Note: these pages are not viewed by the volunteers attending CORT Sign-in & Introduction to Eyes In The Woods Association -----------------Page 9-26 Training Presentation Officers Introduction--------------------------------------------------------------Page 27 Mock Poaching Scenario --------------------------------------------------------Page 28-30 Identification Skills --------------------------------------------------------------Page 31-32 Documenting and Reporting the Crime ----------------------------------------Page 33-37 Recognizing a Crime and Knowing the Rules --------------------------------Page 38-39 Evidence and Violations ---------------------------------------------------------Page 40 Witness Credibility and Expectations ------------------------------------------Page 41-42 Mock Fish Snagging Scenario --------------------------------------------------Page 43-45 Question and Answer Period ------------------------------------------------------Page 46 End Training -------------------------------------------------------------------------Page 47 Credits ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------Page 48

5 Introduction To The C.O.R.T Manual This manual and PowerPoint presentation is created to maintain consistency in the training of certified citizen witnesses for the WDFW Enforcement program. The PowerPoint training presentation allows each officer to interject their “war stories” and add a personal touch to the class. Each slide viewed by the class has hidden officers notes not viewed by the class; but located in this manual. These notes have been developed to assist you convey the needed elements to quality reporting. We have provided a lined area on the back of each page for your own personal notes. The EIW Training Volunteer will set up the projector and assist you in the logistics of each class. The EIW introduction is automated and runs for approximately 9 minutes. The audio text for each slide is also located in the hidden notes of the introduction for your information. Your comments are valuable to this program and we encourage constructive suggestions for future versions. Feel free to contact Kyle A. Winton (360) 491-3109 with your suggestions. The Eyes In The Woods Association board of directors would like to thank you for choosing to participate as an instructor of this program. 1

6 Enforcement Officer’s Briefing The Eyes In The Woods C.O.R.T. Concept is certainly not new. It is similar to a “Neighborhood Watch” transferred to the great outdoors. Participants in these classes need not become the best of friends to the officer, but they certainly need to be treated with the respect and cooperation given a co-worker. Don’t forget these students are here because they want to help, not because they are required to. The success of the student’s ability to properly and effectively report fish and wildlife crimes is in the hands of the trainer. Use your experiences to relate how the system works the best and outline the pitfalls you’ve experienced along the way. Cases that you’re bored with because you’ve told the “war story” too many times, are fascinating to people interested in fish and wildlife enforcement. Recognize this and use it. Note: Prepare to be invigorated by the honest and sincere people who are here to help you and other officers to do the difficult job of fish and wildlife criminal investigation. 2

7 Enforcement Officer’s Briefing Invariably, there will be a person in the class who will recite their negative experiences of reporting a fish and wildlife crime where “nothing was ever done about it”. This is always a challenge to the officer. Some of the approaches to overcoming this hurdle are to: Reiterate that this, in fact, is the very reason for the class (and then move on to the subject matter). Listen to the person and assure them that you’ll look into it (and then move on). Realize that there may be little an officer can do depending on the timeliness of the report. (This can be used as a training aid by exploring just what was reported and, in a non-confrontational manner, point out what other information may have been needed.) Realize that this may merely be a result of another officer’s failure to “close the loop”. Be assured that the negative person is annoying everyone in the class who is here to learn the right way to do things. 3

8 CORT Class Scheduling Protocols – A request for a CORT class is submitted to the EIW Training Director. – The EIW Training Director will assist in scheduling the venue and date. – The EIW Training Director emails the information to WDFW Lt. Rich Mann a minimum of 45 days in advance of the tentative date. – Lt. Mann forwards the information to the Captain of the Region. – The Captain passes the information to the Sergeant. – The Sergeant notifies the Officer. – The Officer confirms his/her availability to the EIW Training Director a minimum of 30 days in advance of the training date. EIW Training Director Contact Information – Email: – EIW Phone #: Leave a message at 360-438-2915 – Administrative contact: Kyle A. Winton: 360-491-3109 Enforcement Officer’s Scheduling Protocols 4

9 Enforcement Officer’s Briefing Creating the Class Environment –A relaxed setting, such as a regional office or an organization’s clubhouse, is the perfect location for a class. The class must be free of distractions. Officers should always be in uniform, but remain relaxed and somewhat informal. Remember, you’re not here to interrogate your audience; you’re here to teach and inform them. Your audience is already motivated (your most difficult task) and ready to listen to you – the expert. –Tell one or more “war stories” that illustrate how you (or another officer) have used accurate, timely information from a concerned citizen to successfully bring a wildlife criminal to justice. You might consider also using an example where poorly related or inaccurate information hindered an investigation, or lead to its failure. 5

10 Enforcement Officer’s Briefing CORT Forms and Handouts Note: EIW by agreement, will provide a Volunteer to assist with the logistics and EIW introduction of each class. Handouts and Certificates –Sign in Roster –Eyes in the Woods “Verification of training & application” –CORT Field Book –Eyes in the Woods “Certificate of Training” –WDFW Hunting and fishing regulations Do not accept any monies for membership or donations. If trainees wish to join the Eyes In The Woods Association, instruct them to see the EIW Training Committee Volunteer assisting you. 6

11 The EIW Training Committee Volunteer will set up the projector and prepare the class room The EIW Training Volunteer will ensure that everyone: – Signs in – Completes a verification of training form – Has a CORT Field Book and a pencil The EIW Volunteer will introduce you to the class attendees. The EIW Volunteer will collect the completed Verification of Training Forms. The EIW Volunteer will begin filling out the Certificates of Training. – The officer is to sign the Certificates of Training, this can be done during the 9 minute introduction. Enforcement Officer’s Briefing EIW Volunteer Assistance 7

12 Enforcement Officer’s Briefing Introduction & Beginning the Training Be sure to tell the class about yourself, your years on the job, etc. They want to know about your experience. In a group of less than twenty, it will be worthwhile to go around the room and have people introduce themselves and explain their motivation for attending. (Are they hunters, environmentalists, birders etc.?) Give an outline of the class and explain what people will know when the class is complete. Explain the types of crimes that this class is designed to help prosecute. Keep the focus on real criminal activity, like taking big game during a closed season, commercial fishing violations, and similar criminal acts. Reinforce that serious crimes need to be reported, and that it is the right and ethical thing to do in to today’s world. Note: An example that has been successfully used in the past is that everyone who witnesses their neighbor’s home being burglarized will report it. But not everyone who witnesses a serious big game violation will report it. Keep reinforcing the fact that it is okay to report fish and wildlife crimes. EMPHASIZE THAT THE EYES IN THE WOODS - CRIME OBSERVATION AND REPORTING PROCESS IS TOTALLY NON-CONFRONTATIONAL! End Officers Briefing: See instructors notes at the bottom of each slide 8

13 Eyes In The Woods Crime Observation & Reporting Training C.O.R.T Please Sign In Now!

14 All C.O.R.T Attendees Please! Sign In at the registration desk. Read & complete the Eyes In The Woods (EIW) “Verification of Training” form. Verification of Training forms will be collected as the class begins or can be turned in as completed.

15 Mission Statement The mission of this non-profit corporation shall be to assist the appropriate State or Provincial Agency, which governs their Fish and Wildlife with the coordination of volunteer efforts and to cooperate with other organizations in the policy of conservation, protection, and the perpetuation of our natural resources.

16 Who We Are A Volunteer Citizens Organization Responsive To Our Natural Resource Needs

17 What We Do Work closely with Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Personnel to: Locate Areas of Needed Assistance Educate and Organize Volunteer Resources Involvement in Research, Habitat Enhancement and Protection Projects

18 PURPOSE The Eyes In The Woods Association Inc. shall be the catalyst organization connecting citizen volunteers with the professionals that manage our natural resources, for the benefit of all. Our Vision Statement

19 PURPOSE To assist with the reduction of poaching, other resource abuses, and biological information gathering and resource enhancement projects. Our Purpose

20 Be willing to identify, document and report abuses in a non-confrontational manner and testify if required. The C.O.R.T Program Act as a deterrent to abuses through exposure. Mentor by example while participating in ethical outdoor activities. Be an information source about the program. Become a Supporting Eyes In The Woods Member.

21 Data Collection at Field Check Stations Volunteer Activities

22 Stream Watch Program in Development Posting Game Management Unit (GMU) Boundary’s Volunteer Activities Assisting at WDFW Wildlife Areas and Fish Hatcheries Habitat Enhancement Projects

23 Deer and Elk Herd Composition Surveys Special Volunteer Activities Deer and Elk Range and Mortality Studies Animal Captures, Handling and Relocations

24 Prevent Forest Land Dump Sites

25 Check Station Training Other Training Courses State Radio Protocol Training Radio Telemetry Training Advanced Project Training

26 Contributing Member Levels of Membership Conservationist Supporting Member Life Membership Associated Club Memberships Commercial Sponsorships Corporate Sponsorships Patch Program In Development 

27 Any individual can become a Member of the Eyes In The Woods Association, Inc. by completing our Membership Application and mailing it with the appropriate prescribed membership fees to: Eyes In The Woods Association, Inc. P. O. Box 2406 Olympia, WA 98507-2406 Membership Applications are available at all Trainings How To Join

28 If your Club is interested in becoming an Associated Club Member (or interested in hosting this training in your area) Please contact us to receive additional information & Application/ Package


30 Crime Observation & Reporting Training (C.O.R.T.) This Is Our Most Highly Recommended Training It encompasses how to spot a violation and document accurate details of suspicious incidents in a non- confrontational manner and how to report the incident. “Avoiding Conflict at All Cost”

31 Meet your local Fish and Wildlife Officer WDFW Enforcement Officer Introduction

32 Test Your Observation Skills And Document The Following Situation: Document what you are about to witness and how you would report it. Crime Observation


34 Review Of The Incident: Did you document the basic details? Is there enough information to investigate? Discuss how you would have reported it. Crime Observation

35 License Plate Number Detailed Description Vehicle/Vestal –Make –Model –Color –Year Any identifying marks or dents What Tools/Weapons involved Any other Evidentiary Considerations Who? Identify Vehicle/Vestal

36 Race Gender Height Weight Age Hair/Eye Color Clothing Unique Physical Features or mannerisms WHO? (Identify Suspect)

37 Use this Booklet Immediately document as many details as you can. Do not discuss what you witnessed with others until you record your notes. Do not change your notes based on another's observations Keep your original notes! What? Document the Crime

38 Do the best you can to determine the specific location Use road #s and intersections. Use a GPS if possible Use landmarks Do Not Disturb the Crime Scene Where? Location

39 Do the best you can to determine the specific date and time and write it down. When?

40 Report as soon as possible –Local State Patrol office/911 –Or Mon-Fri from 8:00am-5:00pm 800-47 POACH Report the violation including the nature of the crime, (i.e. closed season, over limit, in progress or not, etc.) Supply a phone number where the officer can contact you and remain at that number Inform the officer you are an EIW Certified Witness (added credibility to the call) Report the Crime

41 Use the Booklet Reporting contact information is located in the back of this booklet.

42 Keep a copy of the WDFW Hunting and Fishing Regulations in your vehicle. Know The Rules

43 Recognize the Crime Be aware of Hunting & Fishing Seasons Recognize that tribal hunting seasons differ from ours Use the Regulations to verify what you witnessed is a violation After checking and you are not certain it is a violation, document and report it. Do Not Tip off the Suspect

44 Evidence and Violations Evidence: – Direct – Eyewitness – Circumstantial Evidence Types of Violations: – Felony’s – Misdemeanor’s – Infraction’s Objects can’t commit crimes Only people can!

45 Credibility Your EIW Membership Identification is recognized by the WDFW You will receive this Certificate When you’ve completed C.O.R.T. Affix EIW Membership Sticker to your vehicle

46 Expectations Abide by WDFW Regulations, be an example Keep copies of the Regulations in you vehicle Be a Non-Confrontational witness Document the details ASAP and keep your notes Verify it is a crime to the best of your ability Report the incident ASAP Be Willing To Testify in Court –It is rare that you would be called to testify –Most resource crimes are plea-bargained –You can testify from your original notes

47 Test Your Observation Skills And Document The Following Situation: Document what you are about to witness and how you would report it. Crime Observation


49 Review Of The Incident: Did you document the basic details? Is there enough information to investigate? Has this training increased the accuracy of the Report? Discuss how you would have reported it. Crime Observation


51 Check our Website Thank you for Attending! Join our “Members Community” Eyes In The Woods Association, Inc. P.O. Box 2406, Olympia, WA 98507 ~ (360) 438-2915 Check Our Website

52 Bruce Bjork……………….…WDFW Chief of Enforcement Kyle A. Winton………….………………...EIW Co-Founder Jim Tuggle………..WDFW Sergeant, Ret. EIW Co-Founder Shannon Sewalt……………………...EIW Training Director Wanda Turnbow………………...EIW Membership Director Brian Sylvester……………..Owner, Foundation Logic LLC Dave Gadwa………..WDFW Cooperative Projects Manager Chuck Bolland…………………….WDFW Media Relations Jay W. Hunter …………………EIW Fish Program Director and The Dedicated WDFW Enforcement Officers In The Field Credits

53 Eyes In The Woods Crime Observation & Reporting Training C.O.R.T This Program Is Partially Funded by WDFW Cooperative Project ALEA Grants

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