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Chapter Eight The Early Republic, 1796-1804. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-2 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In foreign.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Eight The Early Republic, 1796-1804. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-2 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In foreign."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Eight The Early Republic,

2 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-2 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In foreign affairs, 1. Adams sought an alliance with Spain to block British expansion. 2. the United States backed away from confronting the French on the high seas. 3. the Adams administration heeded Washingtons advice to stay away from engagement in European affairs. 4. the Republicans favored France, while the Federalists supported Britain.

3 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-3 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In foreign affairs, 4. the Republicans favored France, while the Federalists supported Britain. Hint: This permitted outgoing President Adams to appoint Federalists to the judicial branch of government. See page 158.

4 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-4 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 Hamilton regarded the idea of democracy 1. as a good one whose time had not yet come. 2. with disdain. 3. in much the same way as Thomas Jefferson. 4. as the French Revolutions greatest achievement.

5 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-5 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 Hamilton regarded the idea of democracy 2. with disdain. Hint: See page 159.

6 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-6 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The presidential election of 1796 was unique because 1. the president-elect and the vice president-elect represented opposing political parties. 2. political parties divided the electorate. 3. a former vice president was elected president. 4. the final electoral vote did not exactly mirror the popular vote.

7 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-7 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The presidential election of 1796 was unique because 1. the president-elect and the vice president-elect represented opposing political parties. Hint: See page 158.

8 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-8 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 To cope with the Republicans, the Federalists 1. appointed them to important offices in order to win their support. 2. sought to silence them by enacting the Sedition Act. 3. made certain to elect Jefferson to the vice presidency in agreed to repeal the Judiciary Act of 1801.

9 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-9 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 To cope with the Republicans, the Federalists 2. sought to silence them by enacting the Sedition Act. Hint: See page 159.

10 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-10 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Twelfth Amendment 1. barred partisan politics from the Electoral College. 2. separated the Electoral College balloting for president and vice president. 3. undermined the implied powers doctrine. 4. gave constitutional recognition to the presidential cabinet.

11 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-11 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Twelfth Amendment 2. separated the Electoral College balloting for president and vice president. Hint: This innovation was necessary in order to avoid the kind of deadlock that occurred during the election of See page 158.

12 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-12 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In Marbury v. Madison, 1. the Federalist chief justice ordered Madison to let Marbury assume his judicial position. 2. the outcome made the Republicans attempt to remove as many Federalist judges as possible from the courts. 3. John Marshall asserted the power of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional. 4. Samuel Chase set the stage for his later impeachment trial.

13 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-13 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In Marbury v. Madison, 3. John Marshall asserted the power of the Supreme Court to declare an act of Congress unconstitutional. Hint: He reasoned that, because the Constitution did not give the Supreme Court power to issue certain orders, the Judiciary Act of 1789 was unconstitutional. See page 159.

14 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-14 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 Jefferson's plans for the United States included 1. encouraging the development of large cities. 2. a smaller, less expensive national government. 3. government assistance to encourage the development of industry. 4. laws like the Sedition Act to keep the Federalists under control.

15 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-15 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 Jefferson's plans for the United States included 2. a smaller, less expensive national government. Hint: Embassies, the army and navy, and government staffs were cut. See page 160.

16 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-16 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In his conflict with the Barbary pirates, Jefferson 1. enjoyed an overwhelming victory. 2. had to rescue Americans who were being held hostage. 3. used the naval superiority of the United States to excellent advantage. 4. resolved the conflict with a successful land invasion of Tripoli.

17 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-17 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 In his conflict with the Barbary pirates, Jefferson 2. had to rescue Americans who were being held hostage. Hint: The United States had to pay a ransom in order to rescue hostages held by Tripoli. See page 161.

18 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-18 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Louisiana Purchase 1. made the Federalists threaten to impeach Jefferson. 2. led to war with Spain. 3. made many farmers angry with Jefferson. 4. helped with American navigation on the Mississippi River.

19 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-19 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Louisiana Purchase 4. helped with American navigation on the Mississippi River. Hint: See page 161.

20 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-20 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Lewis and Clark expedition 1. explored all the way to the Pacific Ocean. 2. discovered huge gold deposits in California. 3. caused President Jefferson immense political embarrassment. 4. led to a war with the Indians because Americans had now crossed the Mississippi River.

21 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.8-21 Berkin, Making America Chapter 8 The Lewis and Clark expedition 1. explored all the way to the Pacific Ocean. Hint: See pages 161–163.


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