Presentation on theme: "SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BCE to 500."— Presentation transcript:
1SSWH1: The student will analyze the origins structures, and interactions of complex societies in the ancient Eastern Mediterranean from 3500 BCE to 500 BCE.
2Located in the Fertile Crescent between the Persian Gulf and Mediterranean Sea, the Mesopotamians developed Hammurabi’s Code, one of the first detailed sets of laws.
3In Ancient Egypt, Pharaohs were worshipped as Gods.
4Zoroastrians were one of the first Monotheistic religions and influenced Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
5The Phoenicians were known for their extensive trade networks and their alphabet
6Hieroglyphics and Cuneiform were some of the earliest forms of writing.
7SSWH2 The student will identify the major achievements of Chinese and Indian societies from 1100 BCE to 500 CE.
8The Maurya Empire and Gupta Empire in India developed Indian civilization.
9Both Hinduism and Buddhism emerged in India Both Hinduism and Buddhism emerged in India. Buddhism spread North into China.HinduismBuddhism
10Zhou and Qin Dynasties began the Chinese series of dynasties. Qin She Huangdi built an elaborate tomb with soldiers to protect him.
11Confucianism became an important philosophy in China. Emphasized the importance of family and the father.Promoted the idea of a civil service examination for government officials.
12Geography played a very important role in Indian History Geography played a very important role in Indian History. Pay attention to the major physical features.
13SSWH3 The student will examine the political, philosophical, and cultural interaction of Classical Mediterranean societies from 700 BCE to 400 CE.
14Athens focused more on democracy, education, and art while Sparta focused on the military.
15Greek philosophy influenced both Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar.
16Alexander the Great spread Hellenism in all the areas he conquered.
17Both the Greeks and Romans were polytheistic until Christianity spread to those areas in the 3rd century
18Rome fell in the 5th century as a result of invasions from Germanic tribes.
19SSWH4 The student will analyze the importance of the Byzantine and Mongol empires between 450 CE and 1500 CE.
20The Byzantine Empire under Justinian briefly recaptured much of the Roman Empire and lasted another 1000 years.
21The Byzantine Empire influenced the early Russian Empire The Byzantine Empire influenced the early Russian Empire. Constantinople became an important cultural center.ConstantinopleTsar Ivan III (the Great)
22The Western Church (Roman Catholic) and Eastern Church (Eastern Orthodox) split in 1054 because of disagreements over the use of Icons and who was head of the Church.
23Genghis (Chinggis) Khan conquered much of Eurasia and set up the Mongol Empire.
24The Byzantine Empire ended in 1453 when Constantinople fell to the Ottoman Turks
25SSWH5 The student will trace the origins and expansion of the Islamic World between 600 CE and 1300 CE.
26Islam began in 632 with the teachings of Muhammed.
27Islam spread along the major trade routes of the Arabs.
28Sunni and Shi’a split Islam because of a dispute between who is the leader of Islam.
29Ibn Battuta was a major explorer who spread Islam to Africa and Eastern Asia.
30The Crusades began in 1096 and lasted over 200 years The Crusades began in 1096 and lasted over 200 years. Christians fought Muslims for control of the “Holy Land”.
31Judaism, Christianity and Islam are all monotheistic religions with common prophets and basic ideas.
32SSWH6 The student will describe the diverse characteristics of early African societies before 1800 CE.
33The Bantu Migrations spread culture and economic activities to central and southern Africa.
34Sundiata and Mansa Musa were African Muslim leaders.
35Elaborate trading networks developed across the Sahara to trade mainly salt and gold.
36Religious syncretism blended traditional African beliefs with new ideas from Islam and Christianity.
37Africa’s geographical features play an important role regarding trade routes, distribution of resources, and spread of culture.
38SSWH7 The student will analyze European medieval society with regard to culture, politics, society, and economics.
39Charlemagne helped develop the feudal system in Europe.
40The Middle Ages was a constant battle between Kings and Popes over power. Pope Gregory VII declares Interdict on King Henry IV (Holy Roman Emperor).
41The Church dominated the lives of common people during the Middle Ages and had supreme power.
42Medieval Trade routes led to the development of towns in Europe
43SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America.
44The Olmecs and Mayans were early civilizations in Central and South America
45The Aztecs and other pre-Columbian civilizations practiced human sacrifice. Incan
46SSWH9 The student will analyze change and continuity in the Renaissance and Reformation.
47The European Renaissance began in Florence Italy.
48Leonardo da Vinci is an example of a “Renaissance Man”.
49Erasmus believed in the idea of Humanism or the potential of man.
50Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation in 1517 when he challenged the Church over the issue of Indulgences.
51The Catholic Church responded to the Reformation with the Council of Trent.
52Henry VIII and Elizabeth I set up the English Reformation.
53Johannes Gutenberg invented the printing press in 1453.
54SSWH10 The student will analyze the impact of the age of discovery and expansion into the Americas, Africa, and Asia.
55Fifteenth century explorers traveled to Africa, America, and Pacific Islands MagellanZheng He
56The Columbian Exchange traded plants, animals, ideas and disease.
57Navigational technology (such as the Astrolabe) made it possible for the explorers to travel.
58SSWH11 Students will investigate political and social changes in Japan and in China from the seventeenth century CE to mid-nineteenth century CE.
59Oda Nobanuga and Kangxi set up the Tokugawas in Japan and Qing in China to rule for a long period. Oda Nobanuga (Tokugawa)Kangxi (Qing)
60Rapid population growth in China and Japan led to unique social structures in those areas.
61SSWH12 The student will examine the origins and contributions of the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires.
62The Ottoman Empire threatened southeastern Europe. Suleyman the MagnificentSafavid Empire
63The Mughal Empire dominated India in the 16th and 17th centuries
64SSWH13 The student will examine the intellectual, political, social, and economic factors that changed the world view of Europeans.
65Copernicus, Galileo, Keplar and Newton developed new ways to view the world.
66John Locke—Natural Rights The Enlightenment took a more scientific approach to politics and society.
67SSWH14 The student will analyze the Age of Revolutions and Rebellions.
68Absolute monarchs in Europe and Asia had total power over their kingdoms. Louis XIV of FranceTokugawa Ieyasu of Japan
69Revolutions in England, America, France, Haiti and Latin America sought more political rights for their people.
70Napoleon represented the new power of the common man
71Asian countries often resisted contact with Western countries.
72SSWH15 The student will be able to describe the impact of industrialization, the rise of nationalism, and the major characteristics of worldwide imperialism.
73Industrialization led to new views on economics and society. Adam SmithKarl Marx
74Nationalism led to the emergence of strong nation states. Bismarck-GermanyEmperor Meiji-Japan
75The Russo-Japanese War demonstrated the reaction to foreign domination.
76European countries competed for colonies throughout Africa and Asia
77SSWH16 The student will demonstrate an understanding of long-term causes of World War I and its global impact.