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OEM Control Components Control Circuit Protection Supplementary Protectors vs. Miniature Circuit Breakers UL 1077 vs. UL 489.

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Presentation on theme: "OEM Control Components Control Circuit Protection Supplementary Protectors vs. Miniature Circuit Breakers UL 1077 vs. UL 489."— Presentation transcript:

1 OEM Control Components Control Circuit Protection Supplementary Protectors vs. Miniature Circuit Breakers UL 1077 vs. UL 489

2 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 What is Supplementary Protection? Definition Supplementary Overcurrent Protective Device – A device intended to provide limited overcurrent protection for specific applications and utilization equipment such as luminaires (lighting fixtures) and appliances (and other equipment or for internal circuits and components of equipment). This limited protection is in addition to the protection provided in the required branch circuit by the branch circuit overcurrent protective device. NEC2005, NFPA 70: National Electrical Code, Article 100, Definitions (70-31) Article [Overcurrent Protection] (70-84)

3 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 What is a Final Overcurrent Device? Circuit Breaker – A device designed to open and close a circuit by nonautomatic means and to open the circuit automatically on a predetermined overcurrent without damage to itself when properly applied within its rating. NEC2005, NFPA 70: National Electrical Code, Article 100, Definitions (70-27) Circuit Conductors Circuit Breaker (Final Overcurrent Device) Definition

4 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 What is a Branch Circuit? Branch Circuit – The circuit conductors between the final overcurrent device protecting the circuit and the outlet(s). NEC2005, NFPA 70: National Electrical Code, Article 100, Definitions (70-26) Circuit Conductors Final Overcurrent Device Definition

5 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 What is Supplementary Protection? BlenderVacuum Cleaner Garbage Disposal Circuit Breaker Examples

6 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 What is Supplementary Protection? Examples

7 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Circuit Breaker or Supplementary Protector? Standards UL 489: UL Standard for Safety for Molded-Case Circuit Breakers, Molded-Case Switches, and Circuit-Breaker Enclosures [CSA 22.2 No. 5] UL 1077: UL Standard for Safety for Supplementary Protectors for Use in Electrical Equipment [CSA 22.2 No. 235] NFPA 70: National Electrical Code

8 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Circuit Breaker or Supplementary Protector UL 489 – These requirements apply to molded case circuit breakers, … These circuit breakers are specifically intended to provide service entrance, feeder and branch circuit protection in accordance with the National Electrical Code, NFPA 70. UL 1077 – These requirements apply to supplementary protectors intended for use as overcurrent; or, over- or under-voltage protection within an appliance or other electrical equipment where branch circuit protection is already provided, or not required by the standard. Standards

9 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 UL Safety Standard Differences UL 1077: Supplementary ProtectorUL 489: Circuit Breaker UL Recognized – Carries specific conditions for use (acceptability) that must be followed to ensure that the device will meet minimum electrical and shock requirements. Provides equipment (load) protection where branch circuit protection is already provided. Cannot be applied as a motor branch or branch circuit protection device. Allowed to be tested with a branch circuit device in series with the supplementary protector. Typically not required to close on fault conditions. UL Listed – Carries no conditions of use (acceptability) Provides branch circuit protection in accordance with the National Electrical Code. (conductor/wiring system short circuit protection) Motor branch circuits can be protected by a UL 489 device. Not allowed to rely on a series protective device for conductor protection. Required to close on fault conditions Standards

10 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 UL Safety Standard Differences UL 1077: Supplementary ProtectorUL 489: Circuit Breaker Has a typical short circuit current rating of 5,000 A, but need not have been evaluated for short circuit conditions during the recognition. May be evaluated for greater than 5,000 A and may be evaluated at any value declared by the manufacturer. Has no standard trip curve established by the product safety standard to ensure protection of conductors in the event of an overload or short circuit condition. Overload protection – 1-1/2 times rating Horsepower rating: 6 times rating. Spacing (UL 100, 600V, General Industrial Use): 3/8 inch through air and ½ inch over surface. Has minimum short circuit interrupting ratings of 5,000 A at 250 V or less; and, 10,000 A at above 250 V. Has trip-curve characteristics developed for protection of branch and feeder circuits. Overload protection – 6 times rating. Spacing (UL 489, 600 V): 1 inch through air and 2 inches over surface. Standards

11 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Supplementary Protector Check List Does the supplemental protector meet or exceed the application conditions? BE SURE that the supplemental protector has a short circuit current rating equal to or greater than the available short circuit current of the installation. CHECK THE VOLTAGE RATING against the system voltage. If the supplemental protector has a slash voltage rating, i.e. 480Y/277, be sure it will be properly applied. For instance, a rating of 480Y/277 volts can not be used on a 480 volt high resistance grounded wye system, 480 volt corner grounded delta system, or a 480 volt ungrounded system. It can only be applied on a 480/277 volt solidly grounded wye system. The supplementary protector is not intended to a used as a disconnect. Check to insure the specific time current characteristics of the supplemental protector provides the intended protection for equipment under ALL CONDITIONS. Check List

12 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Supplementary Protector Check List Check to insure that the supplemental protector is NOT BEING MISAPPLIED as BRANCH CIRCUIT PROTECTION Check to insure the proper branch circuit protective device is ahead of the supplementary protector. Most supplemental protectors are evaluated under short circuit conditions with a branch circuit fuse or circuit breaker ahead of them. Check List

13 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Advantages of Supplementary Protectors Small Installed Size Precise Component Protection – protects components better than conventional circuit breakers during short circuits Resetable After A Fault (if not a fuse) Tripping Selectivity Fault Isolation – only part of the circuit is affected Advantages

14 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006 Automotive Systems Appliances Control Circuits Control Instrumentation Enclosed Panel Heaters Lighting Circuits Medical Equipment PLC I/O Power Supplies Receptacles in Enclosed Panels Relay/Contact Coils Solenoids Test Equipment Transformer Primary & Secondary Typical Supplementary Protector Applications Applications

15 OEM Control Components Workshop Name Goes Here November, 2006


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