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Level E Unit 8. animosity Connotation: negative Etymology: mid-15c., L. animositatem "boldness, vehemence," from animosus "bold, spirited," from animus.

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Presentation on theme: "Level E Unit 8. animosity Connotation: negative Etymology: mid-15c., L. animositatem "boldness, vehemence," from animosus "bold, spirited," from animus."— Presentation transcript:

1 Level E Unit 8

2 animosity Connotation: negative Etymology: mid-15c., L. animositatem "boldness, vehemence," from animosus "bold, spirited," from animus “life, passion, courage, anger, spirit”

3 apathy Connotation: negative Etymology: (16c.), from Gk. apatheia "freedom from suffering, impassability," from a- "without" + pathos "emotion, feeling, suffering"

4 apprehensive Connotation: negative Etymology: late 14c., "fitted for mental impression," from L. apprehendere "to take hold of, grasp," from ad- "to" + prehendere "to seize"

5 commend Connotation: positive Etymology: late 14c., from L. commendare "to entrust to, praise," from com- intens. prefix + mandare "to commit to one's charge"

6 compatible Connotation: positive Etymology: 1459, from M.Fr. compatible, from M.L. compatibilis, from L.L. compati "to feel pity," from com- "together" + pati "to suffer"

7 condolence Connotation: neutral Etymology: 1580s, from L.L. condolere "to suffer together," from com- "with" + dolere "to grieve."

8 consecrate Connotation: positive Etymology: late 14c., from L. consecratus, pp. of consecrare "to make holy, devote," from com- "together" + sacrare "to make holy"

9 decrepit Connotation: negative Etymology: c.1450, from M.Fr. decrepit, from L. decrepitus, from de- "down" + crepare "to crack, break."

10 deride Connotation: negative Etymology: 1520s, from M.Fr. derider, from L. deridere "to ridicule, laugh to scorn"

11 ingenuous Connotation: positive Etymology: 1598, from L. ingenuus "with the virtues of freeborn people, of noble character, frank," from in- "in" + gen- "beget, produce"

12 multifarious Connotation: neutral Etymology: 1590s, from L. multifarius "manifold," from multifariam "in many places or parts," perhaps originally "that which can be expressed in many ways," from multi- "many" + -fariam "parts," perhaps from fas "utterance, expression, manifestation," related to fari "to speak"

13 obsolete Connotation: neutral Etymology: 1570s, from L. obsoletus "grown old, worn out," pp. of obsolescere "fall into disuse," probably from ob "away" + solere "to be used to, be accustomed."

14 omnivorous Connotation: neutral Etymology: 1650s, from L. omnivorus "all- devouring," from omni "all" + vorare "devour, swallow"

15 parsimonious Connotation: negative Etymology: early 15c., from L. parsimonia "sparingness, frugality," from parcere "to spare, save" + -monia, suffix signifying action or condition.

16 quandary Connotation: neutral Etymology: 1579, "state of perplexity," of unknown origin, perhaps a quasi- Latinism based on L. quando "when."

17 recalcitrant Connotation: negative Etymology:(17c.- 18c.), pp. of recalcitrare "to kick back," from re- "back" + L. calcitrare "to kick," from calx "heel."

18 reprisal Connotation: neutral Etymology: from early It. ripresaglia, from ripreso, pp. of riprendere "take back"

19 revel Connotation: positive Etymology: c.1300, "riotous merry- making," from O.Fr. revel, from reveler "be disorderly, make merry," from L. rebellare "to rebel"

20 stultify Connotation: negative Etymology: 1766, "allege to be of unsound mind" (legal term), from L.L. stultificare "turn into foolishness," from L. stultus "foolish" + root of facere "to make"

21 suave Connotation: positive Etymology: c.1501, "gracious, kindly," from M.Fr. suave, from L. suavis "agreeable"


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