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Level E Unit 1 Vocabulary

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1 Level E Unit 1 Vocabulary

2 ADULTERATE Connotation: negative
Etymology: 1580–90; < Latin adulterātus  mixed, equivalent to ad- + -ulter  (perhaps combining form of alter  other) Word Structure: Verb suffix –ate means “to become, produce, or treat”

3 AMBIDEXTROUS Connotation: positive / negative
Etymology:1640s, from L. ambidexter, lit. "right-handed on both sides," from ambi- "both" + dexter "right-handed" (dexterity). Word Structure: prefix bi- means “two;” suffix –ous means “marked by”

4 AUGMENT Connotation: positive
Etymology: c.1400, from O.Fr. augmenter (14c.), from L.L. augmentare "to increase;" from L. augmentum "an increase;" from augere "to increase, make big, enlarge, enrich" Word Structure: noun suffix –ment means “act or process of”

5 BEREFT Connotation: negative
Etymology: O.E. bereafian "to deprive of, take away, seize, rob," from be + reafian "rob, plunder," Since mid-17c., mostly in reference to life, hope, loved ones, and other immaterial possessions. Past tense forms bereaved and bereft have co-existed since 14c., now slightly differentiated in meaning, the former applied to loss of loved ones, the latter to circumstances.

6 DEPLOY Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1786 as a military word, from Fr. déployer "unroll, unfold," from O.Fr. desployer "unfold" Word Structure: prefix de- means “lower”

7 DOUR Connotation: negative Etymology: probably from Latin dūrus hard
Ebenezer Scrooge

8 FORTITUDE Connotation: positive
Etymology: early 15c., from L. fortitudo "strength," from fortis "strong, brave" (fort). Word Structure: noun suffix -tude means “state of”

9 GAPE Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1175–1225; Middle English < Old Norse gapa  to open the mouth wide; compare German gaffen

10 GIBE Connotation: negative
Etymology: 1560–70; perhaps < Middle French giber  to handle roughly, shake, derivative of gibe  staff, billhook

11 GUISE Connotation: neutral / negative
Etymology: from Old French guise,  of Germanic origin “manner, wise”

12 INSIDIOUS Connotation: negative
Etymology:1545, from L. insidiosus "deceitful," from insidiæ (pl.) "plot, snare, ambush," from insidere "sit on, occupy," Word Structure: prefix in- means “into;” adjective suffix –ous means “full of, given to”

13 INTIMATION Connotation: neutral
Etymology: "action of making known," mid-15c., from L.L. intimationem (nom. intimatio) "an announcement" (in M.L. "a judicial notification"), from intimare (intimate). Word Structure: prefix in- means “into”; noun suffix –ation means “act or result of”

14 OPULENT Connotation: positive
Etymology: 1595–1605; < Latin opulentus  wealthy, equivalent to op-  (stem of ops  power, wealth) + -ulentus

15 PLIABLE Connotation: neutral
Etymology: late 15c., from O.Fr. pliable "flexible," from plier "to bend" (ply) Word Structure: adjective suffix –able means “able, capable of”

16 REITERATE Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1526, from L. reiteratus, pp. of reiterare "to repeat," from re- "again" + iterare "to repeat," from iterum "again." Word Structure: prefix re- means “again, back”

17 STOLID Connotation: neutral
Etymology: from M.Fr. stolide (16c.), from L. stolidus "insensible, dull, brutish," prop. "unmovable," related to stultus "foolish"

18 TENTATIVE Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1580s, from M.L. tentativus "trying, testing," from L. tentatus, pp. of tentare "to feel, try," (variant of temptare "to feel, try, test"). Word Structure: Latin root -ten- means “hold, keep;” adjective suffix –ive means “marked by”

19 UNKEMPT Connotation: negative
Etymology: Old English uncembed;  from un- + cembed,  past participle of cemban “to comb” Word Structure: prefix un- means “not, opposing”

20 VERBATIM Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1481, from M.L. verbatim "word for word," from L. verbum "word"

21 WARILY Connotation: neutral
Etymology: 1552, from O.E. wær "prudent, aware, alert, wary" Word Structure: adverb suffix –ly means “having the nature of”

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